atäXp cwKhpw t

apcoZpw XzcoJXpw

 

XzcoJXns cmas LSIamWv apcoZv. ibvJns inWn Bßob PohnXw \bn¡p hynsbbmWp apcoZv Fp ]dbpXv. XzcoJXn apcoZv Fp ]dbpXp icoAXn apXAÃnw Fp ]dbpXn\p XpeyamWv. cnSpw Kpcp\mYs km\n[yw BhiyamWv. ibvJns\t]mse apcoZn\v ]e Kp Wfpw DmthXpv. XzcoJv kw_Ônbmb {KÙfn Cu hnjb s¡pdnp \o hnhcWÄ ImWmw.

ibvJv Poem\n(d) ]dbpXp ImWpI: ""AÃmlphn\pÅ C_mZnepw A\pkcWnepambn BKan¡ph\mWp apcoZv. JpÀB\nepw kpnepw hXn\\pkrXamIpw Ahs PohnXw. aäpÅhsbÃmw ]qÀWmÀYn Ah Dt]n ¡pXmWv. AÃmlphn \npÅ Bß{]Imin am{XamIpw Ahs Nn. Xnepw aäpÅ FÃmhcnepw AÃmlphns COIÄ am{XamWv \S¡pXv F hnNmcn _ÔnX\mhpIbpw AÃmlphns hn[nbn kwXr]vXnsImÅpIbpw sXäpsN¿pXn \np ]msS AIp \n¡pIbpw sN¿pI apcoZns  NcybmIpw (AÂKpbXv: 2/158).

kXykÔ\mb apcoZv ISaIfpw ISmSpIfpw DÅh\mIpp. Hcp Kpcphns ssI]nSnp _bvAXv sNbvXp tXmnb hn[w \Sm apcoZmhpIbnÃ. apcoZns _m[yX ]WvVnXmÀ aqmbnmWp Xncnncn¡pXv. Hv þBßob Kpcphnt\mSp am{Xambn Ah {]mhÀnIamt¡ ImcyÄ. cmatXp Xs Iq pImtcmSpw samw kaqltmSpw ]ment¡h. aqmatXv, hynPohnXn {]hÀnt¡ ImcyÄ. Ch bYmhn[n ]men¡pnSmWp apcoZns hnPbw. apcoZns _m[yXIsf Ipdnv \o hnhcWÄ BßÚm\ {KÙfn ImWmw. Ah IÀa]Yn sImphm apcoZv Xs alm\mbnocpw.

ibvJpÀ_nbXn\pw ibvJpÂCÀimZn\pw apcoZpIÄ Dv. ibvJpÀ_nbXn s apcoZpIÄ almmcmbncn¡pw. ibvJp CÀimZns apcoZpIÄ Ahsc¡mÄ Xmgv ]Zhn Aecn¡phcpw XmcXtay\ Fn IqSpXepw DmIpw. GXn\w apcoZmbncpmepw ta ]dª aqpXcw \n_Ô\IÄ \mbn ]menncn¡Ww. B Iqn Gähpw {][m\sXmWp hynPohnXnse hnipn. {]kvXpX KpWÄ {]ISamIpXneqsSbmWp Hcp kXykÔ\mb apcoZns\ a\Ênem¡m kaqln\mhpI. apcosZp \Sn¡phÀ ]cmPbsSpXpw Cu Hcp ImcynemWv. Xs ibvJnt\mSpÅ ISmSn hogvN hcppnsà AhImihmZtmsS samw kaqltmSp Alcn¡phcmWv Cp XzcoJXn s ]Zhn AhImisSp ]ecpw. AhcpsS ]cmPbs {KlnsSp¡m XzcoJXv kw_Ôambn NÀ h {KÙÄ ]cXnbm aXnbmIpw.

 

sshbnI _m[yXIÄ

ibvJv aplZv Aao AÂIpÀZn(d) apcoZns _m[yXIsf¡pdnp tcJsSppp: (1) AÃmlp kZmkabhpw Xs honpsImncn¡pp F t_m[tmsS \npw Ccppw \Spw a\ÊvsImp \nXyambpw Ahs\ ZnIvÀ sN¿pI. ZnIvdn\p XSÊw \n¡p Hcp GÀmSpw ]mSnÃmXmIpp. (2) No_ÔÄ shSnªp \Ãhcpambn am{Xw IqpIqSpI. \à _Ôtf \hcpq. No IqpsIv Xn¡p {]tNmZ\ambnocpw. (3) `mcyþkm\Ä DÅh\msWn HudmZns kÀ`n Ahcn \npw ]sä amdn hoSns AIfn HcnSw Isn Ignªp IqSpI. (4) Xoä, IpSn, hkv{Xw, hnhmlw XpSn FÃmän \npw AXymhiyambXp am{Xw kzoIcn¡pIbpw A\mhiyÄ ]msS shSnbpIbpw sN¿pI. Camw KÊmen(d) ]dªp: ""A]m\mZnIfnse AanXXzw lrZb ImTn\yn\pw AÃmlphns\ A\pkcn¡Â, \à D]tZiÄ {ihn¡Â Fnhbv¡pw XSÊamIpXmWv.'' (5) ]ctemIs¡pdnp Nnn¡pIbpw Zp bmhns\ t{]an¡pXp \ndppIbpw sN¿pI. Zpbho kvt\lw IS a\Ên Cemlo kvt\ln\p Øm\apmIpXÃ. (6) P\m_pImc\mbn DdmXncn¡pIbpw kZmkabw ipn Ddp hcppIbpw sN¿pI. (7) P\fpsS Icfn DÅXp tamln¡mXncn¡pI. ]SpIsf ]cnKWn¡pXpw Hgnhm¡pI. (8) kzns\ hnNmcWs¡Sp¡pI. (9) Dd¡w ]sä Ipd¡pI. hntijnpw Amgkabs \n{Z. AXp {]mÀY\¡v Dcw Inp kabamIpp. (10) Ipdª Xoä ioeam¡pI. hbÀ \ndbpXn\p app Xs ]m{Xn \np ssI DbÀm t\m¡Ww. (11) lem am{Xw XnpI. (12) ]mgvhÀam\fn \np \mhns\bpw No NnIfn \np a\Êns\bpw apam¡pI. (13) ldmw ImWpXp Dt]n¡pI. (14) Xami shSnbpI. XamibpsS hÀ\hv lrZbs achnn¡pXmWv. (15) aXhnZymÀYnIfpambn XÀ¡þhnXÀ¡Ä¡p \n¡mXncn¡Â. adhnbpw tamihpw hcpp ImcyamIpp AXv. (16) s]mnncn ]msS Dt]n¡pI. a\Êns\ acnn¡m AXp ImcWamIpw. \_n(kz) s]mnncn¡mXncn¡m ImcWaXmbncpp. (17) P\fpsS AhØIÄ tNmZndnbpXpw hmZþhnhmZÄ¡p \n¡pXpw kqn¡pI. (18) ]Zhnbpw t\XrXzhpw tamln¡mXncn¡pI. (19) Atbäs hn\bw ImWn¡pI. hn\bm\znX\mIp ASna¡mWv DbÀ. (20) AÃmlphns\ Atbäw t]Sn¡ptXmsS Ahs amn {]Xo ]peÀpI. Xm sN¿p C_mZXpIfn AÃmlphns ImcpWyhpw HuZmcyhpansÃn XoÀbmbpw, Ahs in¡p ]m{Xo`hn¡psapXs Ddn¡pI. (21) GsXmcp hm¡pw {]hrnbpw "CimAÃmlv' F hnNmctmsS am{Xw ]dbpI. (22) Dd¡ntem DWÀbntem hà Bß clkyfpw {]ISambm ibvJnt\mSÃmsX aämtcmSpw AtX]än ]dbmXncn¡pI. ]dªm apcoZns hmXn sImnbS¡sSm km[yXbpv. (23) ibvJns ]¡Â \np Innb ZnIvÀ Gä¡pdnenÃmsX sNmÃm kzImcy kabw IspI (XhodpÂJpeq_v: 531þ534).

 

kmaqlnIþkplrZv _ÔÄ

apcoZv \Ãhcn \Ãh\mIWsamWp XzcoJXns XXzw. AXp sImp Xs kplrp¡fS¡w samw apkvenw kaqltmSv HSpm ISaIÄ apcoZn shp sIsnpv. aplZv Aao AÂIpÀZo(d) tcJsSppp: ""cp hynIÄ XnepÅ kulrZw hnesXmWv. \_n(kz) ]dªp: ""cp ktlmZcÄ HcmfpsS cp ssIIÄ¡p XpeyamIpp. IgpIp kÀ`n Hcp ssI sImp atässI IgpIpIbmWtÃm ]Xnhv'' (A_q\psFw). ]WvVnXmÀ Cs\ ]dªncn¡pp: HcmÄ asämcp\pambn Hcp \nanjamWp Iqp tNÀsXnepw kplrZv_m[yX \ndthäntbm CÃtbm FXns\]än \msf tNmZyapmIpXmWv. kulrZm Hcp apcoZn hp tNcp _m[yXIfn NneXp ImWpI:

(1) kzn\v CjvSsSpX{Xbpw aäpÅhÀ¡pw CjvSsSpI. Hcn¡epw Ahsc¡mÄ kzs ]cnKWn¡cpXv. (2) Ahsc Ip apptmÄ kemw ]dªp ssI ]nSnp Ipiemt\zjWÄ¡p apXncpI. \_n(kz) ]dªp: ""cp apkvenw kplrp¡Ä Ip apn ssI ]nSnm B ssI hnSpXp XoÀbmbpw CcphÀ¡pw amv Innb cq]nemIpw'' (Xz_vdm\n). (3) Ahcpambn kZvkz`mhn hÀn¡pI. \_n(kz) ]dªp: ""\nfn hnizmkm ]cn]qÀWÀ kz`mh m \ÃhcmIpp''(XnÀanZo). BßÚm\nIÄ ]dªncn¡pp: ""Ipsd t\m pw \nkvImchpw Aà ]escbpw Dbcfn sImsnXv, kÂkz`mhamIpp.'' (4) IqpImÀ¡p apn hn\bm\znX\mhpI. Camw im^nCu(d) ]dªp: ""hn\bw _lpam\nIfpsS KpWamIpp.'' (5) AhcpsS s]mcpw Ddm¡pI. Xs¡mÄ \ÃhcmWv Ahscp \n\¡pIbpw \à Imcyn Ahsc klmbn¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (6) IqpImtcmSp Ir] ImWn¡pI. henbhsc BZcn¡epw sNdnbhsc kvt\ln¡epw CXns `mKamWv. (7) IqpImsc D]tZin¡ptmÄ AhÀ¡p am\lm\n hcpm X{n D]tZin¡pI. (8) Ahsc¡pdnv \ÃXp am{Xw `mhn¡pI. Bcnsenepw hà Ipdhpw Im AXp Xnse IpdhmsWp IcpXpI. Hcp apkvenw asämcp apkvenans ImSnbmWv, ImSnbn t\m¡ph\p kzns {]Xncq]ta ImWm\mIq F \ymbhpambncn¡Ww AtmÄ a\ÊnÂ. (9) AhÀ ]dbp \ymbÄ AwKoIcn¡m k\Êp Im Wn¡pI. (10) IqpImÀ¡nSbnse \ymbhiÄ AwKoIcn¡m X¿mdmhpI. (11) AhtcmSp kIeam\ ØnXnIfnepw kXykÔX ]peÀpI. AhÀ¡p s]mdp p sImSp¡Wsap {]mÀYn¡pI. (12) kZÊpIfn AhÀ¡p kuIcyw sNbvXp sImSp¡pI. (13) IcmÀ sNbvXm AXp ]qÀnbm¡pXn Aamw ImWn¡mXncn¡pI (XhodpÂJpeq_v: 535þ540).

apcoZns ISmSpIÄ hniZoIcn¡sh Camw Jpibvcn(d) tcJsSppXp ImWpI: ""XzcoJXn HmaXmbn apcoZn\pmtIXp kXykÔXbmWv. Xs hgn icnspInm AXv A\nhmcyamWv. ASnØm\ XXzÄ Dt]nm BXynI eyw AIepsap BßÚm\nIÄ ]dªnpv. DkvXmZv A_q Aen(d) ]dªXv, XzcoJXns BZyn  Xsbpw AÃmlphnsbpw CSbnepÅ hnizmk Imcyn kwibw, `mh\, ]phmZw XpSnbhbn \np apcoZv XoÀpw apamIWsamWv. apcoZns ta ISas asämcp Imcyw, ibvJns\ ]n]än NnIÄ IrXyambn  ]men¡emIpp. KpcphnÃmh\v Hcp Imepw hnPbn¡phm km[yaÃ. A_qbkoZv(d) ]dªXv Cu cwKv DkvXmZnÃmsXt]mbm ]ns Ahs Camw ibvXzm\mIpsamWv. AXpt]mse XzcoJXnte¡p ISphcm Dtin¡ph\p \nÀ_Ôamb ImcyamWp Xu_. sNdpXpw hepXpw clkyhpw ]ckyhpamb kÀh sXäpIfpw Ah Dt]n¡Ww. Xs FXncmfnsb Xr]vXnsSpm ITn\{]bXv\w \SWw. ibvJns s]mcpw t\Sm\mImsX t]mbm XzcoJXn \np bmsXmpw FnnSn¡m BInÃ.

asämcp \n_Ô\, `uXnIþ_Ôfn \np a\Êns\ ]msS AIän \ndpemIpp. Camw in_ven(d) injymÀ¡pÅ inWns BapJn ]dªncpXv Cs\bmbncpp: ""Hcp PpapA apX sXmSp PpapA \S¡pXn\nSbn AÃmlphÃm Nn \nn hm Fs km\n[yn hcpXp \n \¡p ldmamIpp.'' `uXnI _Ôfn \npÅ hntOZn HmaXp th Xp kmnI _Ôns hntOZamWv. kmnI _Ôw apcoZns\ AÃmlphn \nv AIäpXpw XzcoJXn \np hÃXpw t\Sm XSÊw \n¡pXpamIpp. AXpt]mse Bhiyamb asämmWp Øm\XymKw. Øm\Ä Aecn¡Â  B]v hcppXmWv.

""Cu hnjbns \mcmbthcp InS¡pXp icoAXns acymZIÄ ]men¡pXnemWv.  ldmw, ip_vlv Fnhbnte¡p ssI \opXpw ZpjvS hnNmcÄ shp]peÀpXpw Kuchambn kqn¡Ww. izmtkmtOmkÄ Hpw Xs AÃmlphns\maÃmsX ISpt]mIcpXv. As\ ISpt]mIpXv AekXbmbn IW¡m¡Ww. {]XnkÔn \ndª kÀ`n t]mepw ldmwþlem hyaÃm HcpaWn [m\yw IeÀ Aw t]mepw Xnm ]mSnÃ. B bmkhpw B{Klhpw DÅ Ln CXp Xosc ]änsÃp ]dtbXpanÃtÃm. apcoZns AXymmt]nXfn s]XmWv COIÄ Dt]n¡pXn Bß {]bXv\w \SÂ. COs¡mp \oph\p a\sfna t\Sm IgnbnÃ'' (cnkmeXp Jpibvcn: 180þ185).

ibvJv Poem\n(d) ]dbpp: ""bYmÀYn CdmZXv Fp ]dªm ]XnhpIÄ shSnbemIpp. AXmbXp a\Êv AÃmlphns\ At\zjn¡pXn am{Xw _ÔnXamIepw aäpÅsXÃmw ]qÀWambpw Dt]n¡epw. Cs\ km[mcWbmbpÅ kz`mhn \np ASna ap\mbm Ahs Dtiyw AÃmlphn am{Xw _ÔnXamIpXmWv. Cu CdmZXmWv FÃmänsbpw BapJw. Bßob ImwnbpsS bm{XbpsS Bcw`w AXmIpp. CdmZXns s]mcpÄ AÃmlphns s]mcpw Imwn¡emWv. Zpbmhnsbpw BJndnsbpw AemcamIpp AXv. Cu KpWÄ DÄtÀhs\ apcoZv Fp hnfn¡mw. AcsamcmÄ Fpsapw AÃmlphn\pÅ A\pkcWnte¡v BKanh\pw Ah\Ãmh Is¿mgnªv Ahs BÚIÄ am{Xw ]menh\pamIpw. As\ JpÀBþkpn\\pkcnv Ah PohnXs ]mIsSppXpw kppIÄ hÀ[nnp cnXmhns CjvSw kmZn¡pXpamWv'' (KpbXv: 2/158).

Poem\n(d) XpScpp: ""XzcoJXnse XpS¡¡mc\p \nÀ_Ôamb ImcyamWv kXykÔamb hnizmkw. CXmWv ASnd. ]qÀhkqcnIfmb \_namÀ, apÀkepIÄ, HuenbmAv, kzmenlpIÄ, kzlm_v, Xm_nDIÄ, knoJpIÄ XpSnbhcpsS hnizmkamWv ChnsS Dtiyw. AXpt]mse InXm_pw kppw apdpsI ]nSn¡pIbpw IÂ]\mþ\ntcm[Ä AXn\p hnt[bambn am{Xam¡pIbpw AÃmlphn ]dsm\pÅ NndIpIfm¡n Ahsb amäpIbpw thWw. AXn\p]pdsa Xs Hscmä ImÂhbv]pw C\n AÃmlphns COs¡mÃmsX BhpIbnà FpÅ Hcp {]XnÚbpw Xm FSpt¡Xmbnpv'' (KpbXv: 2/163).

ibvJv AlvaZv fznbmDo(d) ]dbpp: apcoZn A\nhmcyambpw DmtI KpWfn {][m\sh ChbmIpp:

(1) ldmapIÄ shSnªpw IÂ]\IÄ ]menpw hogvNbpw DZmko\Xbpw hcpmsX XJvh sN¿pI. (2) ip_vlns [\w XnpXv Hgnhm¡Â. (3) Ipähpw Ipdhpw ImWnpXcm IgnhpÅ B[ymßÚm\nIÄ¡pw ]WvVnXmÀ¡psamw Ccn¡Â. (4) Almcnsbpw Zpc`nam\nsbpw hmm¡sf \ncmIcn¡Â (5) aXacymZIÄ ]men¡Â. (6) kabw AÀlamwhn[w D]tbmKsSpÂ. (7) {]]n \obpw AÃmlphpw am{XamsW hnNmcw DmhpI. B AÀYn Ahs \ncc ZrjvSn Xn ]Xnbppsp IcpXpIbpw Ah hne¡nbnSp Xs ImWpXpw Ah IÂ]nnSp Xs ImWmsX t]mIpXpw `btmsS IcpXns¡mÄI. (8) lrZbs kPoham¡p kZvImcyfn XfnSpI. lrZb \nÀPohX¡p Ifsamcp¡ph ]msS amän sh¡pIbpw sN¿pI (PmanDÂDkzqÂ: 18þ20).

Cu ]dª KpWhntijÄ¡p ]pdsa apcoZn\p Xs ibvJpambn am{Xw _Ôs acymZIÄ thsdbpapv. Kpcphns BÚm\phÀnbmbn amdpXn HXppp AhsbÃmw Fv Hähm¡n ]dbmw. \nÀtiÄ ]men¡pXnemWp alXzw \nesImÅpsXp a\Ênem¡Ww. hynþkmaqlnI _Ôfn {]ISamtI KpWÄs¡Ãmw Xs ibvJns {]tNmZ\hpw \nÀtifpw Dmbncn¡pw. CtX¡pdnsÃmw \o hnhcWÄ BßÚm\ {KÙfn Dv.

 

apcoZpw amWnIyhpw

bYmÀY apcoZns KpWKWsf IpdnmWnhnsS NÀ sNbvXXv. Cu hntijWÄ tafn¡p apcoZpamcpsS Fw s]cpIm\pÅ km[yX IqSpXemsWv Cs kmlNcyw shv Bcpw hmZn¡psap tXmpnÃ. adnv Ccw KpWÄ Hp Inpsap ]dbpXpXs ISI¿mIpw. Fm Cu KpWsfnepw {]ISnn¡m\mImh "XzcoJXv' F ]Zw t]mepw Dcn¡m AÀl\Ã. C¡mcyw BßÚm\ {KÙÄ ]cntim[nm BÀ¡pw t_m[yamIpw.

XzcoJXpw ibvJpw apcoZpsams¡ KuchapÅ Imcyfmbn I Hcp kaqlw Ignªpt]mbnpv. AhÀ apcoZns\ Xs AXypXamb BßobXbpsS {]XoIambnmbncpp IncpXv. apcoZv kpe`amsWtm BIpsatm AhÀ¡p hmZapmbncpnÃ. XzcoJXv kwLS\mh¡cn¡sSpXpw saÀjnv hÀ[nn¡pXpw Hcn¡epw AwKoIcn¡snnÃ. Camw iAvdm\n(d) ]dbpXp Im WpI: ""ibvJv A_pÂlk\pÈmZpen, A_pÂAºmkpÂaÀkn, k¿nZv bmJqXpÂAÀin, ibvJv XmPpo_v AXzmCà (d: Alpw) XpSnb almmscms¡ kwhmZkZÊpIfn ]WvVnXmsc {]amWÄ shp appIpn¡phm am{Xw kap{ZXpeyw ]mWvVnXyw AhImisSm IgnbphscbÃmsX XzcoJXn tNÀncpnÃ. Ac¡mcn \np am{Xta AhÀ IcmÀ kzoIcnncppÅq. Fm C¡mev Cc¡mÀ Nph amWnIys¡mÄ Ipdªp t]mbncn¡ppshXmWp bmYmÀYyw'' (eXzmC^pÂan\: 45).

]mw \qämn Pohnncp Camw iAvdm\n(d)s Cu A`n{]mba\pkcnp kXykÔamb XzcoJXns apcoZpamÀ¡p Xs ImelcWw hnp \qämpIfmbn. Cu ØnXn¡v C¡mes apcoZv \maam{XamsWp hcpp. Nph am WnIyw C¡mep Nc¡Ãpt]mse kpe`amsWp hmZn¡pXp t]msebmWv efpsS apcoZo s]cpa AhImisSpXv.

]qÀhImes almmÀ XzcoJXn tNÀ¡Wsan ISp ]coIfpw \n_Ô\Ifpw shncpXmbn Ncn{Xw ]dbppv. Camw CkvamCuepÂlnJvJn(d) ]dbpp: ""XAvhoemXpPvan¿: F {KÙn Cs\ ImWmw: Hcp kXyhm\mb ibvJns acymZbn s]XmWp apcoZns\ kzoIcn¡m AXym{Klw Im Wn¡mXncn¡Â. Ahs\ ]con¡pIbpw Cu ]mXbpsS sshjayhpw Dtiykm^eyns sRcp¡hpw ]dªp t_m[ysSppIbpw sN¿Ww'' (dqlp _bm: 5/278). XpS¡n apcoZns\ am\knIambn ]mIsSpm\pw ISsªSp¡m\pw ibvJv ]cn{ian¡Wsap ]dªXn \npw kXykÔamb XzcoJXn apcoZpamsc Dm¡Â Hcp IcmÀ hÀIv AsÃpw {iaIcamsWpw hcpp. Ccn Hcp ]coWns IY CkvamCuepÂlnJvJn(d) Dcn¡pXp ImWpI:

ibvJv A_qA_vZnÃmln_v J^o^v(d) ]dbpp: Rm lÖv eyw shp _KvZmZn XpIbmbncpp.  XzcoJXn apcoZmIWsapw Bß{]bXv\n apgpIn AÃmlp AÃmX{Xbpw shSnbWsap ISp Nn Fs Xebn ]pIªp InpSn. As\ Rm \mÂ]Xp Znhktmfw Hpw `n¡msX IgnpIqn. ]t, Pp\bvZv(d)s\ Ipapm F\n¡mbnÃ. As\ Rm ]pdndn. Hpw IpSn¡m\mIm {]bmkw Fs Aeppv. Rm AwKipn hcpnb ØnXnbn Xsbmbncpp Atmgpw. s]sv Fs Zr jvSn acp`qanbnse Hcp InWdns `mKv sNp]Xnp. Hcp am t]S AXn\Ip \np shÅw IpSnp sImncn¡pp. F\n¡p ITn\ambn Zmlapmbncpp. Rm InWdns h¡sn. Fs Ip am HmSntmbn. AÛpXsap ]dbs, am t]mbXpw InWän shÅw XmgvXpw Hnmbncpp!. AÛpXtmsS Rm Cs\ ]cnX]np:

""Fs t\Xmth, AbpsS ]¡Â Cu am t]SbpsS hne t]mepw CubpÅh\nÃtbm.''

AtmÄ ]ndIn \np Cs\ Hcp i_vZw tIp:

""\mw \ns ]con¡pIbmbncpp. \o an¡pnÃ. t]mbn shÅw IpSnpsImÅpI. amt]S hXp Ibdpw tImbpanÃmsXbmbncpp. ]t, \o hXv Ahbpw t]dnbmWv''. F\n¡p Imcyw a\Ênembn. Rm InWdn\Spsn. AÛpXw InWän shÅw \ndªp \n¡pp! (dqlpÂ_bm: 5/276).

Camw kplvdhÀZo(d) ]dbpp: ""Hcn¡Â Hcp sNdp¡mc ibvJv AlvaZp KÊmen¡cnIn XzcoJXv kzoIcn¡m Fn.  (Camw KÊmen(d)s ktlmZc ]p{X\mWv AlvaZpÂKÊmen) alm B sNdp¡mcs\ kzoIcn¡pXn\p ]Icw ibvJv A_pPo_v(d)s ASpt¡p ]dªb¡pIbmWp sNbvXXv. XzcoJv kzoIcWns NnIfpw acymZIfpw sNdp¡mc\v A_pPo_v(d) ]dªp sImSp¡Wsap IcpXnbmWv sNdpImcs\ Atmp hnXv. ibvJv A_pPo_v(d) Hmtcmpw hniZam¡n. FÃmw tI tijw `bpt]mb sNdp ¡mc ]nmdn''(^XmhÂlZokn¿:238).

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