atäXp cwKhpw t

IdmaXns Icpv

 

AÃmlphns CjvSZmkmcn \np {]ISamIp ]Xnhn\p hn]coXamb kw`h fmWv Idmav. tIhew AÛpXÄ Fp hymJym\np IdmaXns t]cn ]eXcw NqjWÄ Cp \S¡ppv. IdmaXpambn _Ôsp Nne sXän[mc WIÄ \nehnepv. Ah Xncpm Imetmfw Ctcn \S¡p Nqj W Ä¡v AdpXnhcpm\mhnÃ.

IdmaXv kXyamsWp hnip JmÀBs kmyapv. alp¡fpsS Faä IdmaXpIÄ JpÀB Dcn¡ppv. AXp t]mse Ncn{X]cambn A\ntj[yamb kmyw IdmaXns Imcyn Dv. AXn\m IdmaXv \ntj[w _nZvAXm Ipp. apAvXkneXns AÔhnizmkfn s]XmWp IdmaXv \ntj[w.

IdmaXv \ntj[n\p Xpeyw XsbmWp IdmaXns t]cnepÅ NqjWhpw. hymP ibvJpamcpw XzcoJXpImcpw IdmasX t]cn Nne AÛpXÄ ImWnp P\sf kzm[o\n¡m {ian¡ppv. kXyn XzcoJXn Idman\p ]d b¡ Øm\sampanÃ. IdmaXp ImWn¡mXp sImp HcmÄ ibvJv BIm sX hcnÃ. IdmaXv sImp am{Xw HcmÄ ibvJmhpIbpanÃ. IdmaXpambn _Ô sp \ne\n¡p Nne [mcWIÄ Xncpnbm C¡mcyw \ap¡p t_m[yamIpw.

hen¿mIpXns BZysbpw Ahkm\sbpw am\ZÞw IdmaXmsW [m cW sXämWv. C¡mcWm GsXnepw X{þIpX{Ä ImWnp hnembv hmZn¡m hymPmÀ sa\s¡Spp. Cu [mcW sXämWv. Camw Jpibvcn(d) tcJsSppXp ImWpI: ""Hcp hen¿n\p {]ISamb IdmaXv CÃmsX t]mIpp shXv Atlns hnembXn\p bmsXmcp `wKhpw hcppXÃ. C¡mcyn  \_namÀ t\sc adnmIpp. AhÀ¡p XfpsS \p_pÆXv t_m[ysSpm apAvPnkXv A\nhmcyamWv. ImcWw, \_namÀ krjvSnIÄ¡p samw \ntbmKnX cmWv. \_namsc Adnb krjvSnIÄ¡v BhiyamWv. AXn\p apAvPnkXv thWw. Fm HcmÄ hen¿msWXp P\Äs¡Ã Atln\p kzbw Xs And b \nÀ_ÔanÃ''(cnkme: 159, PmanD DkzqÂ: 277).

Cu ]dªXneqsS Camw Jpibvcn(d) cp [mcWIÄ Xncppp. Hv þ IdmaXv hnembXn\p am\ZÞaÃ. cmasXv, IdmaXv apAvPnkXpt]msebmsW hmZw icnbÃ. Ccsamcp hmZns ]n_ememWp ]ecpw XÄ¡v hnembXp sXn\p sXfnshtmWw AÛpXIrXyÄ {]ISam¡n km[mcW¡msc hn ¡pXv. Camw C_v\plPdn lbvXan(d) \ÂInb adp]Sn ImWpI: ""IdmaXpÅ HuenbmAv AXv CÃmhsc¡mÄ t{ijvScmsWp \ncp]m[nIw ]dbm ]änÃ. NnetmÄ IdmaXv Bßobamb "lnXv, bJo' Fo BibÄ th{X Dd¡mXn\m {]ISamIpXmWv. BßobcwKp kmlnZn (`uXnI ]cnXym Kn)s\¡mÄ DbÀ ]Zhn DÅh\mWv Bcn^v. ]t, IdmaXv NnetmÄ Bcn ^n\v DmIWsanÃ. kmlnZn\v DmIpXpamWv. CXpsImp hyamIpXp alXzns AfhptImem¡m IdmaXv ]änà FmWv. alXzw Aft¡Xv A ÃmlphnepÅ aAvcn^Xv, bJo FnhbpsS inþZpÀ_eX shmWv'' (^Xm hm: 219).

Ignbpsan IdmaXv {]ISnn¡mXncn¡emWp hen¿ns ISa. C_v\p lPdn lbvXan(d) ]dbpp: ""IdmaXpw apAvPnkXpw XnepÅ Acn s]XmWp, apAvPnkXv shfnhm¡Â \_namÀ¡pw Idmav AXymt]nX LfneÃm sX shfnhm¡mXncn¡Â hen¿n\pw \nÀ_ÔamsWXv'' ^Xmh lZokn¿: 216).

A_qAen¿pdqZ_mcn(d) ]dbpXp ImWpI: ""\_namÀ¡p apAvPnkXv shfnhm  AÃmlp ^Àfzm¡nbXp t]mse HuenbmC\p IdmaXv adpsh¡Â AÃmlp ^Àfzm¡nbncn¡pp. P\Ä Ah ImcWw NqjWw sN¿sSmXncn¡m\mWnXv'' (PmanAv:277).

IdmaXns {]IS\]cX hcpp A]ISsf¡pdnp ]WvVnXmÀ apdnbnp Xcppv. ImWn¡p AÛpXÄ t\m¡n Bsf hnebncpmsX Bsf t\m¡n AÛpXÄ hnebncpWw. AÛpXw Bcv {]ISnn¡pp FXmWp {][m\w. Bsf t\m¡n thWw IdmaXmtWm Atà Fp Xocpam\n¡m. Camw Jpibvcn(d) IdmaXns\ \nÀhNn¡pXp ImWpI: ""IdmaXv ]Xnhn\p hn]coXam bXmh \nÀ_ÔamWv. AXpt]mse hnembXns KpWÄ tafnh\n \np {]ISamIepw \nÀ_ÔamIpp'' (cnkme: 158).

Camw lbvXan(d)]dbpp: ""AÃmlphnsbpw ]SpIfpsSbpw ISaIÄ ]men ¡p kzmenlmb Hcmfn \np shfnsSp AÛpX IrXyfmIpp IdmaXv'' (^Xmhm: 216).

A_qDkvam(d) ]dbpp: ""Daamb clky PohnXns DSabv¡p {]ISam Ip AÛpXfmIpp IdmaXv'' (PmanDÂ DkzqÂ: 276).

Hcp IrXyw IdmaXmIWsan AXp kw`hnXv AÀl\n \nmtWm Fp t\m¡Wsap Cu hoWfn \np  a\Ênembn. CX\pkcnv HuenbmAv AÃmhcn \npw IdmaXpt]mse tXmn¡p AÛpXÄ {]ISamImw. A s\ {]ISamIp ]w AXv {]ISnnh hen¿mInsÃpIqSn {Kln¡mw. Camw fznbmDo(d)s hcnIÄ ImWpI: ""]Xnhn\p hn]coXamb AÛpX IrXyÄ \à \Spw hnizmkhpw CÃmh\n \np {]ISambm AXp IdmaXà CkvXnZvdmPv (Ccbnp ]nSn¡p kq{Xw) BWv'' (PmanAv: 276).

""P\tfmSpw AÃmlphnt\mSpapÅ _m[yXIÄ \ndthäntmcp \à a\pjys ]¡Â \nÃmsX AÛpXIrXyÄ {]ISambm HpIn AXp knlvdv (am cWw) AsÃn "CkvXnZvdmPv' BIpp'' (^Xmhm: 216).

Cu ]dªXn \npw A\ÀlcpsS AÛpXIrXyÄ sImpÅ {]IS\w A{] kamsWp hcpp. Cu hn[w NqjWw \S¡psaXn\memWp IdmaXns\ apAvPnkXpt]mse hnembXns {]amWam¡msX amänshXv. apAvPnkXv JWvTn Xambn \_nXzns\ Øm]n¡pXmWv. AtXkabw IdmaXv AXp {]ISam¡p h JWvTnXambpw hen¿msWp hcppnÃ. C¡mcyw C_v\plPdn lbv Xan(d) AS¡w FÃm ]WvVnXmcpw hyam¡npv.

XzcoJXns t]cn Cp NqjWÄ Gsdbpw IdmaXns t]cp]dªmWv. XfpsS ibvJpamcpsS IYIÄ AhXcnnmWp XzcoJXn apcoZpamsc BIÀjn ¡pXv. tIhew Hcp hen¿n\p Xs IdmaXv am\ZÞam¡n hnembXv hmZn¡m\m hnsÃn Fs\bmWp XzcoJXns ibvJn\v CXpw ]dªp cwKsm\m hpI?. AXpsImv Cc¡mÀ hymPmcmsWXns anI sXfnhmWv Ccw IdmaXp IYIÄ Fp a\Ênem¡pI.

ITn\ {]bXv\w hgn AÛpXIrXyÄ ]eXpw ImWnhsc¡pdnp Ncn{Xn Dv. C_v\p lPdn lbvXan(d) ^Xmhmbn Ccw A\p`hÄ tcJsSpnbnpv. _dmlnaXv hn`mKw C¡qn s]hcmbncpp. AconeqsS ]d¡m ChÀ¡v Ignªncpphs{X (^Xmhm: 217). AÛpXIrXyÄ Ip ]e cpw Chcn hnizknXmbpw tcJbpv.

icoA\pkrX PohnXw \bn¡mbmÄ Fv AÛpXÄ ImWnmepw AwKoIcn¡m\mhnÃ. ]nimNns kzm[o\m sN¿pXmIpw Ah. a{mepw amc Wmepw Cs\ ]eXpw {]ISam¡m Ignbpw. ZÖm ImWn¡p almÛpX Ä BÀ¡mWdnbmXv. acnhs\ Pohnn¡Â, ag s]¿n¡Â XpSnb IrXy Ä Ah sN¿psap kzlolmb lZokpIfn hXmWv. AtXkabw Cukm \_n(A)apw C_vdmlow \_n(A)apw acnbmÄ¡p Poh \ÂInbncp Xmbn JpÀB ]dbppv. AXp AwKoIcn¡pXv AhÀ {]hmNImcmbXpsImv am{XamWv. AXpsImv Hcp Imcyw \mw Ddn¡pI. icoA\pkcnpÅ PohnXamWp {][m\w. AXnÃmhs AÛpXÄ A\ÀYÄ BIpp. Xzco JXns Ncn{Xnse AXnImb\mb A_qbkoZv(d) ]dªXmWv Cu hnjb nse Ahkm\ hm¡v. aqk_v Cukm(d) Xs ]nXmhns\ Dcnp ]dbpp: ""A_q bkoZpÂ_nkvXzman(d) ]dªp: ""hm\temIpIqsS ]d¡p Hcp hy nsb Isp IcpXn NXnbn s]pt]mIcpXv. Ah Zo\ohn[nIÄ Fs\ ]men¡ppshpw icoAXns\ GXphn[w apdpsI ]nSn¡ppshpw t\m¡pI. Fnp am{Xw hnizkn¡pI'' (cnkme:14).

CXpt]mse aäp ]e kzq^o almmcpw ]dªXmbn ImWmw. CXn \np a\ Ênem¡m\mIpXp IdmaXns ]n_em XzcoJXv Øm]nXamInà FmWv. AXpsImv AÛpXIrXyÄ ImWn¡ppsh \ymbw ]dªp Hcmsf ibvJm bn AhXcnn¡m bmsXmcp ]gpXpanÃ.

XzcoJXn\pw ibvJmhenpw IdmaXv \ymboIcWasà hmZsbpw NneÀ NqjWw sNbvXp hcppv. bmsXmcp AÛpXfpw Imm\mImXn sXän sà \ymbw ]dªpw ChÀ IÅibvJv Nabpp. Ccw kÀ`fn ]mWvVnXyhpw Ah_[hpapÅ DJvdhnbmb ]WvVnXcpambn _ÔapÅhÀt¡ NXnbn \npw c t\Sm\mIq. BJn_Xv \mIm {]mÀY\m \ncXcmhpI.

Gähpw henb Idmav Zo\o JnZvaXpIfn apgpIemIpp. shÅn\p apIfneqsS \S¡pI, AconeqsS ]d¡pI, tcmKw thsp ]dbptmÄ in^bmIpI XpSnb IdmaXpItf¡mÄ hepXv BbpÊv apgph\pw Zo\o hnÚm\nepw {]NmcWnepw aäp C_mZpIfnepw apgpIn _dIpÅXmhm Xu^oJv e`n¡pI F IdmaXmWv.  ImcWw appcn AÛpX knnIÄ IdmaXnÃmhcn \npw kw`hn¡mw.  AXns\ _mXznem¡m aäpÅhÀ¡v km[n¡pIbpw sN¿pw. cmaXp ]dª IdmaXv AÃmlphns {]tXyI Xu^oJv e`nhÀ¡ÃmsX km[yaÃ. AXnt\mSv Xpeyambn {]hÀn¡m BÀ¡pw BhnÃ.  kzlm_nIfn ]ecn \npw km[mcW¡mÀ¡v AÛpXambn tXmp ImcyÄ hncfambnmWv kw`hnXv. \mev aZvl_ns CamapIfpsSbpw ØnXnIÄ CXp Xs.

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