atäXp cwKhpw t

kwL\w hymPIY

 

Bßob ]VnXmcmbn AdnbsSp DeamDzcoJXpw IÀaimkv{X ] VnXmcmbn AdnbsSp DeamDÈcoAXpw Xn hnhmZfpw XÀ¡þhnXÀ¡fpw ]t \ne\ÂIpp Fsmcp [mcW \nehnepv. CXv Hpw icnbÃ. Cu {]NmcWn\p ]nnse Ahy in hymPXzcoJXpImcmsWp IcpXpXp \ymbamWv. XzcoJXns t]cn icoAXns\ AhaXn¡m\pw s]mXpP\s hn¡m\pw ]VnXmcpsS hnaÀi\Ä XSpp\ndpm\pw ChÀ Ip]nSn X{ambn thWw Cu {]NmcWs ImWm.

CkvemanI Ncn{Xn Cs\ Hcp kwLÀjns IY ImWpnÃ. As\ Hp \Snpsn Xs AXp \ymbbpamsWp BXynI hniIe\n hyamIpXpamWv. lÃmPns Imcyn Dmb kw`hw Cu hkv XpX hyam¡ppv. {]Xyn aX]cnXymKs hcpp A\ÂlJv (Rm AÃmlp Xs) {]Jym]\w akzqÀ lÃmPv(d) \SnbtmÄ ]VnX mÀ AXns\än Kuchn NÀ \Sn. Bßeb\ns `mKambn ka\ne hntmÄ ]dªXmWsX hmZ¡msc kw_Ônv lÃmPns\Xnsc \S]Sn¡p {]kn DmbncpnÃ. Fm kzt_m[tmsS Xs ]dªXmsWpw  AXpsImp aX]cnXymKn ImcyÄ Fnsbpw ]dªp cwKph ]VnXmÀ Atlns\Xncn \nba \S]Sn FSpp. \ymbbpw Xsbmbncpp AXv. icoAXns kwcWn\pw s]mXpP\a[yn Zo sXäncn¡sSmXncn¡m\pw ]VnXmÀ FSp Xocpam\w \ymbw Xs. FmeXp XzcoJXns ]VnXmcpambpÅ kwL\ambn hnebncpnIqSm. (lÃmPv kw`hsän IqSpX ]T\w: ^XmhÂlZokn¿: 214, CB\Xpzmen_o: 4þ135 XpSnbh t\m¡pI).  

]qÀhIme ]VnXmÀ hynKXambn XzcoJXnsbpw hnembXnsbpw hm m¡fmbncpp. B[ymß Kpcp¡msc AhÀ BZcthmsS Incpp. CkvamCuepÂlnJn(d) Xs Kpcphn \np Dcn¡pXp ImWpI: ""kXyn l\^o kzq^n¿Xns A[n] Camw A_ql\o^ XÄ XsbmWv. AXpt]mse im^nCu, l_eo, amenIo Kpcp¡fpsSsbms¡ Xs \mbImÀ bYm{Iaw Camw im^nCu, Camw len, Camw amenIn(d) Fo aZvl_o \mbImÀ XsbmWv. Cu \mev Camapamcpw Jpe^m¡fmb NXpÀ{]Xn`IÄ¡p XpeycmIpp. \{X XpeyÀ, N{ kam\À, kqcyXpeyÀ Fsms¡ Chscän ]dbmw. Chcn Bsc XpSÀmepw kXys {]m]n¡pXmWv. hnip Zo\ns\ kw_ÔntStmfw ChÀ Hcp hoSns \mep aXnepIÄ¡p XpeyamWv. aäpÅ HuenbmAv, AJvXzm_pamsc At]nv ChÀ CXc tKmfsfbpw \{Xsfbpw At]nv kqcysbpw AÀinsbpw \nehmcnemIpp. kzÀKnsem\pw Cemlo ZÀi\w Inm\pw ChÀ¡p ]ndsI hhÀ Bcmbncpmepw Chsc ]n]ämsX km[yaÃ. icoAXnepw XzcoJXnepw lJoJXnepw Chsc ]n]äpIbpw ChÀ ]TnnX\pkcnp {]hÀn¡m\pw ChcpsS acymZIÄ ]men¡m\pw HcpsSpIbpw sNbvXhÀ XoÀbmbpw Xncp\_n(kz)bpsS ]mX ]npSÀhcmWv. CdªXnsempw Chsc ]n]ämXncn¡phcmIs kwibteiat\y Xncp\_n(kz)bpsS amÀKn \np sXänbhcpamWv'' (X^vkoÀ þdqlpÂ_bm: 5/273).

Cu ]dªXn \npw ]qÀhIme ]VnXmscms¡ B[ymßKpcp¡mcmbncp pshp a\Ênem¡mw. 

Camw C_v\p lPdnÂlbvXan(d) FgpXpXp ImWpI: ""kapZmbnse ]VnXmcmb apPvXlnZpIfpw AhÀ¡p ]ndsI h alm]VnXmcpsams¡ ]pw Ctmgpw kzq^nbn hnizkn¡phcpw Ahcn \np _dIXpw B ßob klmbhpw Imwn¡phcpamWv. Camw C_v\p ZJoJn CuZv(d) ]dbpp: ""kXyhm\mb kzq^n Fs AcnIn \qdv AsÃn Bbncw ^Jolpamsc¡mÄ Da\mIpp''. Camw \hhn(d) ibvJv bmko(d) Fhcn hnizmkw ]peÀpIbpw Atlns \nÀtZiÄ ]men¡pIbpw sNbvXncpXmbn Ncn{Xn ImWmw. Hcn¡Â ibvJhÀIÄ Camant\mSp hmbv] hmnb {KÙsfms¡ XncnsI \ÂIn kzw \mnte¡p ]pdsSm BÚm]np. Camw B Ú t]mse UakvIkv hnp kzw \mSmb \hbn Fn. AtXmsS _Ôp¡ Ä¡v AcnIn shp h^mXmIm AhnSpt¡v Ahkcsamp. CXpt]mse C_v A_vZnÊemw kzq^n¿Xns\ BZcn¡p Imcyn AXoh XÂ]c\mbncpXmbmWv Ncn{Xw'' (^XmhÂlZokn¿: 218). 

kzq^n¿Xpw ]VnXmcpw XnepÅ kwLÀjns IY AÀYclnXamsW mWp CXp sXfnbn¡pXv. kXyn \ymbamb Imcyn\msWnepw kzq^n¿Xns\ hnaÀinhsc {]Xntcm[nncpp ]VnXmÀ. C_v\pÂPukns¡Xnsc AhÀ kzoIcn \bw CXp hyam¡ppv. C_v\pÂPukn Xs Imep ]S Àp]nSn ]p hmZnIsf ASnncnpI F \à eytmsS XÂ_okv C_veokv F t]cn Hcp {KÙw cNnXmbn Camw C_v\p lPdnÂlbvXan(d) ]dbppv. (Cu IrXn Cv hn]Wnbn Inpw) {]kvXpX {KÙn Xs \n cq]Ww AÂ]w AXncp ISp. Xm\dnbmsX C_v\pÂPukn C_veokns X _okn\p ]m{XamsbmWv Camw bm^nCu(d) ]dªXv. C_v\p PuknbpsS hoWs ]VnXmÀ iambn JÞnp. CXp hyam¡pXv A\ymbamb bmsXmcp AIÂbpw ]VnXtemIp kzq^nkhpambn DmbnnsÃmWv. (hniZamb hmb\¡p ^XmhÂlZokn¿: t]Pv: 218 ImWpI).  

]VnXmÀ aqp hn`mKamWv. Cu hn`mKÄ Xn \à _Ôw \ne\nXmbpw Chsc ]qÀWmÀYn kapZmbw hnizmkn FSpXmbpamWp Ncn{Xw. Aao\pÂIpÀZn(d) ]dbpXp ImWpI: ""Zo\o CamapIÄ \oXnammcmsWp hnizkn¡Â \nÀ_ÔamIpp. ChÀ aqp hn`mKambnmWp \nesImÅpXv. Hv þ JpÀB kpns ]Ýmen IÀaimkv{Xs AhXcnnhÀ. Chcnse t\Xm¡mcmb aZvl_ns Camapamcn Bscnepw Hcmsf ]n]ä \nÀ_ÔamWv. cmas hn`mKw hnizmkimkv{X cwKp hnlcn hcmWv. AivAcn, amXpcoZn(d) CamapamÀ Cu KWn s]Spp. aqma tXv a\Êns kwkvIcWhpambn _Ôs hnÚm\n\p {]m[m\yw sIm SphcmWv. A_qbkoZp _nkvXzman, ibvJv A_vZp JmenJpÂKpPvZhm\n, k¿nZv aplZv _lmDo\pJvi_n, ibvJv AlvaZpÂ^mdqJnÊÀlnn, AÂPp\bvZpÂ_KvZmZn, Camw KÊmen, kplvdhÀZn, aAvdq^pÂIÀJn, A_vZp JmZndpÂPoem\n (d.Dw) XpSnbhÀ Cu KWn s]Spp. Chscms¡ kzq^n¿Xn s]hcpw _mlyþBcoI XJvhbpsS hmm¡fpamWv. IÀaimkv{X ]VnXmsc t]mse Xs ChscÃmw kmÀKns hmm¡fmWv. ChÀ XfpsS XXzÄ ]WnXncn¡pXv AlvepÊpn hÂPamAXns hnizmkntepw KthjImcmb ^pJlmCs IÀaimkv{XntepamWv. AXn\m kzq^nIÄ ^pJlm¡fmsWp ]dbpXp sXämInÃ'' (XhodpÂJpeq_v: 41, 42).

C_v\p lPdnÂlbvXan(d)s hm¡pIÄ IqSn hmbn¡pI: ""Camw im^nCu, am enIv, A_ql\o^, AlvaZv(d. Dw) XpSnb ]VnXmÀ BcnIþ_mlyÚm\Ä \pIÀhcmWv. A_vZmÂ, \pP_mAv, HuXmZv XpSnb HuenbmCse AXnhninjvSmÀ Chcmbncpp. ChÀ Bßobambn DX ]Zhn t\Snbhcsà sXämb [mcW ]mSnÃ. ]nimNns t{]cWbpw ss]imNnI hebn s]p hgnsXänbhcpw As\ tXmnn¡m Hcn¡epw CShcpcpXv. Camw im^nCu(d) XÄ HuXmZn s]hcmbncpp. hntbmKn\p apv alm JpXvz_mbXmbpw Dcn¡sXp ImWmw'' (^XmhÂlZokn¿: 232).

AlvaZv fznbmDos(d) hcnIÄ ImWpI: ""\mep aZvl_ns ]Ýmen hnÚm\Imcyn ZrVXt\Snb ]VnXmscms¡ Zpbmhn \np lr Zbw AIhcmbncpp. Ahcn \np kzq^n¿Xns\Xnsc Bkqbbpw Almchpw i{XpXbpw {]ISambXmbn A\p`hanÃ'' (PmanAv: 272).

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