atäXp cwKhpw t

sshhn[yw: XzcoJXpIfnÂ

 

AÃmlpambpÅ Bß_Ôn\p kzq^nIÄ XncsªSp¡p khntijcoXnbmWp XzcoJXv. Ccw Bßob kcWnIÄ A\h[nbpv. ]qÀhoIcmb \nch[n BßÚm\nIÄ kXyamb XzcoJXpIÄ Øm]n¡pIbpw AXns {]Nmcn\p {]hÀn¡pIbpw sNbvXXmbn ImWmw.

XzcoJXpIsfms¡ XmXznIambn Htc eyn sNspp. eynsem kzoIcn¡p hgnIÄ hyXyØamImw. B \net¡ XzcoJXnse sshhn[ysf ImWms\m¡q. aZvl_pIfnse sshhn[yhpambn CXns\ XmcXaysSpmw. aZvl_pIÄ FÃmw Hscmä eyn\p thn \nesImÅpXmWv. AtXkabw aZvl_pIfn Nne AcÄ {]ISamWp Xm\pw. hgnsbIpdnpÅ A`n{]mb sshhn[yw FXn Ihnªv aZvl_nse Acsf Bcpw ImWpnÃ. GXp aZvl_v kzoIcnmepw \ap¡p csSmw. AtX kabw aäp aZvl_pIsf hneIpdp ImWpXpw AwKoIrXaÃmhsb kzoIcn¡pXpw sXämIpp. CtX t]mse, XzcoJXpIÄ icnbmbXv GXpw kzoImcyamWv. \memsemcp aZvl_v kzoIcn¡Â \nÀ_ÔamWv. XzcoJXns Imcyn Cu \nÀ_ÔansÃpam{Xw.

aZvl_pIfpambn XmcXaysSpptmÄ {int¡ asämcp BibamWp XzcoJXpIfpsS Fhpw Xchpw hyhØsSpÂ. aZvl_pIÄ cq]sphXv Hcp {]Øm\w F kmtXnI `mhtmsSbÃ. adnv, ]cnWnX{]Úcmb ]VnXmÀ JpÀBþkpv {]amWÄ shp \Snb hn[nþ\nba XoÀpw \nÀ[mcWhpamWp aZvl_pIfpsS cq]oIcWn\p ImcWambXv. Ncn{X ]cambn CXp apkvenwIÄ¡v AXymhiyamb Hmbncpp. Xncp\_n¡pw kzlm_n\pw ]ndsI Ckvemans IÀa]camb hyhØsSp aZvl_pIÄ hgn \Sp. B ZyImev Faä aZvl_pIÄ \ne\nncpp. ]n¡mev Ahbn NneXp \njv{Ianv Cp \ne\nÂIp im^nCu, l\^o, leo, amenIo aZvl_pIÄ \ne\np. CXn\p {]tNmZ\ambXp apkvenwIfpsS am\knIamb A`n{]mb sFIyamWv. AÃmsX Hcp XcnepÅ ASntÂ]n¡tem cmjv{Sobtam DmbncpnÃ. Ncn{X]camb Cu Hcp kam\X XzcoJXv Imcynepw Gsd¡psd ZÀin¡mhpXmWv. XzcoJXpIÄ BZyImev A\h[n cq]sphp. PohnXw sIm pw IÀaw sImpw hnipn sXfnbn Bbnc¡W¡n\p t]cpsS \mat[bfn XzcoJXpIÄ {]Nmcn hncpp. Fm Ahbn ]eXpw ]n¡mep aSnªp. ]eXpw tijnp. Fm aZvl_pIsf t]mse \men am{Xw HXpt¡ Bhiyw XzcoJXpIÄ¡v DmbncpnÃ.

Faä XzcoJXpIÄ \ne\n¡pXn\m Ahsbän hniZamb hnhcWn\p {]knbnÃ.

\Jvi_n¿;, JmZncn¿: imZpen¿:, AÀdn^mC¿:, ZkqJn¿, _Zhn¿, NnivXn¿, kpldhÀZn¿ Fnh AXn {]knhpw {]ikvXhpamWv. hniZamb ]T\am{Kln¡p ]VnXmÀ¡v GXm\pw {KÙ\maÄ NphsS tNÀ¡pp:

AÀdilmXv, aq_mXv þ Camw dºm\n, A^lmXv, AÀdnkmemXp JpZv kn¿:, an^vXmlpÂaC¿:, _lvPXp AkvdmÀ, AÂKpbXv, JemCZpÂPhmlnÀ, ^pXqlmXp Kbv_v, a^mJndp Aen¿:, AÂIhmIn_pÊmlnd:, _lvPXpÀdn^nCu, _lvPXp _Zho, idlp aXv\n KmbXn h hkzmbm, ^pXqlmXp a¡n¿:, lufzp lbmXv, AÂAhmcn^v, XAÀdp^p CÂankzÆp^v, anAvbmdp Deqw, JnXzm_pÂlJvJv, AÂaPmenkpÂAÀ_Cu, InXm_p _bm, ClvbmAv, apk¡np^qkv, IhmIn_ppÀdn¿:, \^lmXpÂCkv, XZvIndXpÂHuenbmAv, Xz_JmXpÈAvdm\n, Xz_JmXp Jzmfo kIcn¿:, cnkmeXpÂJpibvcn, Xz_JmXp aimCJv, aJmeXpÂBcn^o, eXzmC^p an\, CkvXznemlmXp kzq^n¿:, iwkpÂ_ph\n, AÂa\mlnPv, Iiv^pÂhmcnZmXv, ZpÀ dXpÂaph^v^nZo, lJmCJpJmCJv, AkvdmdpÊpdqÀ, aplmfzdXp A_vdmÀ, APÃnbmXpÂCemln¿:, AÂhkzmbÂJpZvkzn¿:, InXm_pÂCkvdmAv, an^v XmlpÂKbv_v, ankzv_mlpÂCkv, AÂCkm\pÂImanÂ, a\mknepkkm Cco, aZmcnPpÊmenIo, Iiv^pÂlJmCJv, lZmCJpÂlJmCJv, JmenkzXpÂlJzmCJv, AÂaokm\pÈAvdm\n, Awbokv, anÀBXpÂAkzv^nbmAv, AÂhkzmbÂCemln¿, Iiv^pÂAkvdmÀ, lmhnÂAÀhmlv, aJmamXp_Zvdpo, dufzXpÂhmkzneo, kp_vZXp lJzmCJv.

 

kPoh kcWnIÄ; kamZcWob t\Xm¡Ä

km[mcW¡mcnepw \_namcnepw kzlm_nepsams¡ hyXykvX Øm\obÀ DÅXpt]mse HuenbmCepw hyXykvX ]Zhn¡mÀ Dv. JpXzv_v, A^vdmZv, HuXmZv, A_vZm Fns\ t]mIpp HuenbmCs C\Ä. Cu Iqn Hmw ]Zhn Aecn¡pXp JpXvz_mWv. Camw iAvdm\n ]dbpp: ""kzlm_n\p tijw HuenbmCs Iqn Gähpw henb hynXzw JpXvz_v BIpp'' (AÂbhmJoXv, 2/69).

XkzÆp^ns hoWn JpXzv_v Hcp Imev HcmÄ am{Xta DmIq. HuenbmCs kIe hn`mKfpsSbpw \mbIXzw JpXzp_n\mWv. {]iv\Ä¡v Ahkm\ ]nSnhÅnbpw JpXzp_mWv. AÂKukv Fv Cu AÀYn JpXvz_pIsf hntijnn¡pXmWv. AtX kabw Cu hI alXzw IÂ]n¡sSmsX tIhew hen¿pIÄ¡pw NnetmÄ JpXzv_v Fp {]tbmKn¡sSpw. ibvJv AlvaZv fznbmDo(d) ]dbpXp ImWpI: ""BßÚm\nIÄ ]dªp: JpXzp_pIÄ s]cppv. Hcp hn`mKns apWntmcmfn AhcpsS JpXvz_mIpp. Fm AÂJpXzv_p Kukv Fp hntijnn¡sSp alm Hcp Imev Hpam{X ta DmIq'' (PmanDÂDkzqÂ. t]: 3).

JpXvz_pIfn {][m\nIfmWv AlvaZpÀdn^mCu, A_vZp JmZnÀ Poem\n, Alv aZp _Zho, C_vdmloapkqJn (J: Akvdmdlpw). temIv B[ymßnIX sImpw AKm[Úm\w sImpw hnhw krjvSnhcmbncpp ChÀ. ibvJv apAvan\p_v lk (d) ]dbpp: ""Cu \mev almmcpw Alvep_bvXnÂs] t{ijvShmmcmWv. lpkbv\p_v Aen¿nte¡p ChcpsS ]ccIÄ FntcpXmWv. k¿nZv A_vZp JmZnÀ PoenbpsSXp am{Xw lk(d)hnte¡mWp sNspX'' (\qdpÂA_zvkzmÀ: 252).

 

k¿nZv A_vZpÂJmZndp Poem\n,

JpXzp_pIfn AXypX\mWp ibvJv A_vZpÂJmZndpÂPoem\n(d). icoAXnsbpw XzcoJXnsbpw BgwI AÃmam C_v\pÂAd_n tcJsSppp: ""AÃmlphns CjvSZmkmcpsS Iqn Gähpw alm\mb HcmÄ DmIpw. FÃm ImeLnepw {]tXyIambn DmIp Ctln\mbncn¡pw A¡mes ASnaIfpsS A[oiXzw. i\pw at\mZrV\pamb AbmÄ kXy]mXbnte¡pÅ {]t_m[\ Imcyn kPohambncn¡pXmWv. kXyhpw \oXnbpw Atlw hgn \Sn hcpXmWv. Cu ]ZhnbpsS A[n]\mWv ibvJv A_v ZpÂJmZndp Poem\n(d) (^pXqlmXpÂa¡n¿:/\qdpÂA_vkzmÀ: 252).

ibvJv Poem\n(d)s P\\w lnPvd: 471emWv. h^mXv lnPvd: 564epw. alms N cn{Xw kpXmcyhpw {]knhpamWv. tIcf¡msc kw_ÔnnStmfw ibvJhÀIfpambn {]tXyI _Ôw AhImisSm BIpw. _lphycmb Jmfzn aplZv  (d) cPn aplvbo amebneqsSbmWp tIcfapkvenwIÄ Gsd¡psd ibvJhÀ Isf ]cnNbsSpXv. aebmf kmlnXyn cN\IÄ DmIpXn\p ap pXs hncNnXambXmWp aplvbo ame Fp kmlnXy Ncn{XImcmÀ \nco n¡pp. Xpv FgpO B[ymß cmambWw FgpXpXns ApsImÃw apsnepw aplvbo ame hncNnXambnpsmWv {]_em`n{]mbw. Ccw tcJIÄ ibvJhÀIÄ tIcf P\X¡nSbn t\Snb almb kzm[o\n\p _etaIpXmWv. Cpw Poem\n t\ÀIfpw kvacWIfpw dmXn_vþJpXzv _n¿XpIfpw tIcfn kPohamWv.

ibvJhÀIfpsS Ncn{Xw kw`h_lpeamWv. Ccsamcp cN\bn {]kvXpX Ncn{X hnhcWn\p ]cnanXnIÄ DtÃm. kzX{ambn Xs ibvJhÀIsf ]Tn¡m D]Icn¡p ka{Kamb Hcp cN\bv¡p {]knbpv.

ibvJhÀIÄ ]ndXv ]cnipamb ]ccbnepw kmlNcynepambncpp. AhnSs amXmþ]nXm¡Ä A¡mes alm`cmbncppshmWp Ncn{Xw. B hnip Xmhgn Cs\ Dcn¡sSpp: A_qkzmenlv A_vZpÂJmZnÀþ_v aqkþ_v A_vZpÃþ_v blvbÊmlnZvþ_n aplZvþ_n ZmhqZvþ_n aqkmþ_n A_vZpÃmþ_n aqkÂPuþ_n A_vZpÃmlnÂalvfzvþ_n lk\pÂapkmþ_n lkþ_n Aen(d:A: APvaCu).

alm]mVnXyns DSabmbncpp ibvJv Poem\n(d) XÄ. icnbmb t{km XÊpIfn \np hnÚm\ns ]ShpIÄ Xmn. Hw Bßobamb kmc]Yfpw IogS¡n. im^nCuþleo aZvl_pIÄ A\pkcnp ^XvhIÄ \ÂIn. A¡mes ]VnXmÀ AhnSs hnÚm\ns Bgw a\Ênem¡n AÛpX ]cX{cmhpI ]Xnhmbncpp.

PohnXns BZy\mfpIfn IjvSmSns XojvWX ibvJhÀIÄ A\p`hnXmbn Ncn{Xw ]dbppv. ibvJv Xs ]dbs: ""Rm COs¡Xnsc ISp kacw Xs \Sn. Hcp ]ÀhXns apIfn shm AXv s]mnnfcpamÀ ISp ]coWfmbncpp A¡mev Fs Xebn Rmt\tän hXv. ]t, FÃm ISp ]coWsfbpw Rm kss[cyw t\cnSpI Xs sN bvXp. IcnSambncpp Av Rm [cnncpXv. \á]mZ\mbn apÅneqsS F\n¡p \St¡nhp. ]pgtbmcv hoWp InS¡p ]neIÄ apX apÅn ap\IÄ hsc F\n¡p `nt¡Xmbn hp.''

alms icocn Cuhncn¡pXp ImWmXns\än injymÀ BcmªtmÄ AhnSp \ÂInb adp]Sn CXmbncpp: ""Cubncn¡m Fs ta Zpbmhns s\t¿m BJndns tXt\m CÃtÃm!'' AhnSs `uXnI ]cnXymKnsbpw Cemlo eb\nsbpw kqN\bmbncpp Cu hm¡pIÄ.

ibvJhÀIÄ C_mZneqsSbmbncpp Xs DXn DdnncpXv. \nkvImcw, t\mv, JpÀB ]mcmbWw, GIm hmkw, tZimS\w, aX{]`mjWw, hynKX {]t_m[\w, aX ^Xvhm {]Imi\w, hyhØm]nX ZÀkv, Akm[mcW kw`h {]IS\w, kmaqlnI tkh\w XpSn ibvJhÀIfpsS PohnXw FnbmsemSpm taJeIfn \ndªp\np. aplvboamebn CXpkw_Ôamb kqN\IÄ ImWmw. ibvJv t\SnsbSp alm]Zhn Hcn¡epw Hcp kp{]`mXn Bscnepw Nabnpm¡nbXmbncpnÃ. Bßobamb {]bXv\nsbpw {]h À\nsbpw ^eambn sImbvsXSpXp Xsbmbncpp.

ibvJv Poem\n(d) ]SppbÀnb XzcoJXns t]cmWp JmZncn¿:. P\tImSnÄ Cu XzcoJXn Ignªp t]mbXmbn Ncn{Xw kmysSppp.

 

k¿nZv AlvaZpÀdn^mCu(d)

AJvXzm_pIfn cma\mWp ibvJv cn^mCu(d). Bßob PohnXn A\nXc km[mcWXzw ]peÀnb A]qÀh hynXzambncpp almsXv. lnPvd: 500þ P\\w. BZyw Camw im^nCu(d)s aZvl_\pkcnpÅ IÀaimkv{Xn AhKmlw t\Sn. ]noSp XkzÆp^n {]thinp. kzw icoctmSpÅ kacn hnPbw hcnp B t{iWnbn {]kn\mhpIbpw sNbvXp.

At Aäs XmgvabpsSbpw `nbpsSbpw {]XoIambncpp ibvJv cn^mCu(d). Hcn¡Â HcmÄ X\n¡p thn {]mÀYn¡m At]nXn\p sImSp adp]Sn hnNn{Xambncpp: ""Fs ]¡Â CtmÄ Hcp Znhks¡pÅ Aw Dv. Hcp Znhks Aw tÌm¡v sNbvXhs ZpB Bcv tIÄ¡m\mWv. AXpsImv AXv XoÀm Rm \nÄ¡p {]mÀYnp Xcmw.''

]mhshs Iqmfnbmbncpp ibvJhÀIÄ. B KWn Htsd tkh\Ä AhnSpv sNbvXncpp. IpjvThpw IpghmXhpw ]nSns] tcmKnIsf Ipfnn¡m\pw hkv{Xw Ae¡ns¡mSp¡m\psams¡ alm apnndpI ]Xnhmbncpphs{X. Ccw lXmibsc sNp ImW kpÃ, \nÀ_Ôw Xs Fmbncpp alms hmZw. AhnSps kZÊn ]Xn\mdmbnctmfw hcp A\pNcmÀ tafn¡pambncpp. AhÀs¡ms¡bpw cmhnsebpw sshIptchpw `Ww \ÂIpI ]Xnhmbncpp.

htbmhrmscbpw Iv s]mamscbpw klmbn¡m ibvJhÀIÄ cwKndpw. HcmÄ¡v AkpJamsbdnªm injyKWsf Iqn F{X Zqcw Xm nbpw kÀin¡pw. Atbäs kvt\lþImcpWyw, hnphogvN, hn\bw CsXms¡ alms {]tXyIXbmbncpp. Xs No ]dªhÀ¡pw Bt]nhÀ¡pw AhnSpp amp\ÂInb IYIÄ A\h[nbpv. a\ptjyXc PohnIsftmepw alm ImcpWyns ItmsS am{Xta IncppÅq. P\Ä BntbmSn IpjvS tcmKnbmb \mbsb ibvJhÀIÄ \mÂ]Xp ZnhksaSpp ip{iqjnXmbn Ncn{Xn ImWmw.

hfsc Ipdp am{Xw kwkmcn¡p {]IrX¡mcmbncpp. sXäpIsf¡pdnp Nnn¡pIt]mepw sNbvXncpnÃ. C_mZn AÛpXIcamb anIhv ImWnncpp.

lnPvd: 570þemWv h^mXv. CcpIenabpw sNmÃnbmWp hnStNmZnXv. _lpam\shcpsS t]cn {]NcnXamb XzcoJXmIpp AÀdn^mC¿:, AÂAlvaZn¿:, _XzmCln¿: Fns\ aäp \mafpw Cu kwLn\p ]dbsSmdpv.

aplvbno ibvJns\ t]mse ibvJv cn^mCu(d)hpambpw tIcfmapkvenwIÄ¡p Bß_Ôw DÅXmbn ImWmw. cn^mCuame AXns almb tcJbmIpp. Cpw apkvenw hoSpIÄ¡v Cu ame kp]cnNnXamWv.

 

k¿nZv AlvaZpÂ_Zho(d)

JpXvz_pIfn {]kn\mbncpp AlvapZp _Zho(d). AhnSps ]cc Xmsg sImSp¡pXmWv:

AlvaZvþ_n Aenþ_v C_vdmlowþ_v aplZvþ_v A_o_IvÀþ_v CkvamCuÂþ_v DaÀþ_v Aenþ_v Dkvamþ_v lpkbvþ_v aplZvþ_v aqkmþ_v blvbmþ_v Cukmþ_v Aenþ_v aplZvþ_v lkþ_v PAv^Àþ_v Aenþ_v aqkmþ_v PAv^pÊzZnJvþ_v aplZp _mJnÀþ_v Aen kbv\p B_nZoþ_v lpkbvþ_v Aen¿p_v A_oXzmen_v (d: Alpw).

ibvJhÀIfpsS P\\w lnPvd: 595þembncpp. alm\cpsS ASnd lnPmkmWv. ]n¡mep ]nXmhv AhnsS \np aKvcn_nte¡v bm{Xbmbn. Ahkm\w a¡bn Xncnsn.

ibvJhÀIÄ sNdpn hyhØm]nX aX ]T\n\p apXnÀp. JpÀB a\:]mTam¡nb]msS im^nCu IÀaimkv{X ]T\nte¡mbncpp XncnªXv. B taJebn AhKmlw  t\Snb alm ]noSp XncnªXp kzq^nknte¡mbncpp. hnhmlw t]mepw thsp shv AhnSpp iamb [ym\nepw Acm[\bnepw apgpIn. P_ A_oJp_bvkn GIm\mbn C_mZsSp¡pI ]Xnhmbncpphs{X. AtAäs ss[cyhm\pw sNdp¡mc\pambncpnp t]mepw alms Bß hnNmcn\p Hcp `uXnI kz]v\fpw XSÊw hogvnbnÃ. \mÂ]Xp Znhktmfw DuWpw Dd¡phpanÃmsX t\mpImc\pw \nkvImc¡mc\pambn ibvJhÀIÄ Ignªp IqSnbXmbn Ncn{Xw kmoIcn¡ppv.

XkzÆp^ns hgnbn alm Ipsd bm{XIfpw \SpIbpmbn. B bm{X¡nSbn CdmJn hp. A¡mes alm Kpcp¡mcpambn AhnSp kÀ¡w ]peÀnbXmbn tcJbpv. ibvJhÀIsf BioÀhZn Iqn almßmhmb cn^mCu ibvJv(d) Xfpw s]ncpp.

Hcp]mSp IdmaXpIÄ sImp {]tim`nXambncpp AhnSps PohnXw. Xm apJmncw BbncÄ Cuams shÅnshfnw IXmbn tcJbpv. A¡mev P\sf hgnsXän¡pXn\p ImcW¡mcnbmb ^mXzna F AXnkpcn ibvJhÀIÄ hgn ]Ým]np ]cnipbmbXp {]knamb IYbmWv.

ibvJhÀIfpsS h^mXv lnPvd: 675þembncpp. PohnXv 79 sImÃw. alm\hÀIfpsS ]mX ]n]änbhsc "kXzqln¿' Fv AdnbsSpp. "kXzvlv' Fm "Xv' FmWÀYw. GImX¡mbn an ]pdtadpXn\memImw Cu t]cphXv.

 

k¿nZv C_vdmloapkqJn(d)

JpXzv_pIfn \mema\mbn {]knn t\Snb alm\mIpp k¿nZv C_vdmloapkqJn(d). AhnSps ]cc Xmsg ]dbpw hn[amWv:

C_vdmlowþ_v A_nÂaPvZvþ_v _pdbvivþ_v aplZvþ_v A_nPmþ_v kbv\p B_nZoþ_v A_vZpÂJzmenJzvþ_v aplZvþ_v A_nz¿n_vþ_v A_vZnÃmþ_v A_vZn JzmenJvþ_v A_nÂJzmknwþ_v PAv^dpÊIn¿vþ_v Aenþ_v aplZnÂPhmZvþ_v AenÀdnfzmþ_v aqk Imfznwþ_v PAv^dpkzmZnJvþ_v aplZp _mJznÀþ_v Aenkbv\p B_nZoþ_v lpkbvþ_v Aen¿pþ_v A_oXzmen_v (d: Alpw).

Camw iAvdm\n Xs Xz_JmXn ]dbpp: ""k¿nZv C_vdmloapkqJn(d) Camw im^nCu(d)s aZvl_\pkcnpÅ ^nJvlmWv ]T\n\p XncsªSpXv. ]n¡mep kzq^o kmZmXns taJebnte¡p alm Xncnªp. BßÚm\nIfpsS ]mXbn Ccnpdnp. PohnXv 43 sImÃambncpp. acWw hsc ]nimNnt\mSpw tZltmSpapÅ kacn \nv Hcp \nanjw t]mepw alm hnp \nnsÃXmWp kXyw. lnPvd: 676þ h^mXmbn.''

XnIª `nbnembncpp alms PohnXw. Zo\o hnÚm\n\pw XZ\pkmc {]hÀ\Ä¡pw {]m[m\yw \ÂIn. AhnSpp ]dbpambncpp: ""Hcp apcoZv kppw ^Àfzpw \nÀhln¡m Bhiyamb hnÚm\w t\SÂ \nÀ_Ôw XsbmIpp.''

ZnIvÀ ]Xnhm¡m\pw kzmenlofpsS Ncy ]n]äm\pw Xs A\pNmsc alm \nÀ_Ônncpp. Faä IdmaXpIÄ alm ImWnp. a\pjys am\knI tZmjn\p NnInÕn¡pXn \mbn hnPbn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. _pÀlman¿: FXv ibvJhÀIfpsS kcWo \maamIpp.

 

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