atäXp cwKhpw t

Ncn{X ]pcpjmÀ

 

XzcoJXns Ncn{Xw XpSpXp Xncp\_n(kz)bn \npw kzlm_n \npamWv. ]nÂImep Xm_nDIfnte¡p B ]mX \op. XzcoJXnse \þXnIÄ Xncndnbm\pw AhbpsS bYmÀY KpWÄ a\Ênem¡m\pw Xm_nDIfpsS Ncn{Xw D]Icn¡pw. Camw Jpibvcn(d) C¡mcyw hyam¡pIbpw Xs {]kn {KÙn F]XnÂ]cw hcp almmcpsS eLpNcn{Xw hnhcn¡pIbpw sNbvXnpv. B KWn {]kncmb Nne almmsc am{Xw ]cmaÀin¡s. hniZ ]T\n\p cnkmeXp Jpibvcn¿ ImWpI.

 

(1) C_vdmlow C_v\pAZvlw(d)

]qÀW\maw A_qCkvlmJv C_vdmlow C_v\pAZvlw C_v\pakzqÀ(J:kn) alm BZyImev {]hniym cmPmhmbncpp. ]noSv am\knI ]cnhÀ\w hcnIbpw Hcp BnSbs IcnSw hmn ae{tZip hn{]hmk PohnXw B cw`n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. tZi kmcn\nSbn a¡bnsen. kp^vbm\pkucn, ^pfbvep_v Cbmfzv(d) XpSnbhcpambn klhknp. kzbw tPmen sNbvXp am{Xta Blmcw IgnncppÅq. kqvaXbpsS Imcyn IWni¡mc Xsbmbncpp C_vdmlow C_v\pAZvlw(d) Fp Ncn{XImcmÀ kmysSppp.

 

(2) Zpq\pÂankzvcn(d)

ku_m\p_v C_vdmlow Fp ]qÀW\maw. Xs ImeLn hnÚm\nsbpw kqvaXbpsSbpw aXNnbpsSbpw Imcyn AXpey\mbncpp. kCuZp_v Dkvam ]dbpp: Zpq(d) ]dbpXmbn Rm tIp: ""AÃmlphns\ HcmÄ kvt\ln¡pXns eWw \_n(kz)sb kz`mhnepw {]hrnbnepw IÂ]\Ifnepw kppIfnepw ]n]äemIpp.''

 

(3) A_qAen ^pfbvep_v Cbmfzv(d)

kaÀJnemWp alms P\\sap ]dbsSpp. lnPvd: 187 aplÀdw amkn a¡bn hntbmKw. BZyImev km[mcW PohnXw \bnpshnepw ]n¡mep hnip PohnXw XpSn. ISp kqvaXbpw Bcm[\m ImÀ¡ iyhpw alms {]tXyIXbmbncpp. ldan Xsbmbncpp acWw hsc.  alm ]dªp: ""Zpbmhv HmsI F\n¡p {]Xysmepw Rm AXn\p IÂ]n¡p hne Hcp ihnsXp am{Xambncn¡pw. Noªfnª ihn\cnIn IqSn \S¡ph AXn \nv hÃXpw hkv{Xn Bbmtem Fp IcpXn Hgnªp amdn \S¡pXp t]mse Rm Zpbmhns\ hnIepw.'' A_qAen¿pÀdmkn(d) ]dbpp: ""Rm apXp sImÃw ^pfbvÂ(d)hnt\mSp klhknnpv. Hcp Znhkw am{XamWp alm Nncnp InpÅXv. AXp {]nbs aI acn Ambncpp. ImcWamcmªtmÄ AhnSpp ]dªXv þ AÃmlp CjvSs Hcp Imcyw Rm\pw CjvSstStbm Fmbncpp.

 

(4) aAvdq^pÂIÀJn(d)

aimCJpIfn atlmX\pw {]mÀY\¡v Dcw sImp {]kn\pambncpp Camw IÀJo(d). lnPvd: 201 h^mXv. Ay hn{iaw _mKvZmZnemWv. At Aäs kqvamephpw `uXnI hnc\pambncpp. acW tcmKn InS¡sh Atym]tZiw BcmªtmÄ AhnSpp ]dªp: ""Rm acnm Fs \of Ipmbw Zm\w sN¿Ww. `qapJt¡v HpanÃmsX \Kv\\mbn h t]mse `qapJv \nv HpanÃmsX (I^]pS HgnsI) Xncnp t]mIm\pw Rm B{Kln¡pp.''

 

(5) A_pÂlk kcn¿pkJzXn(d)

Xs Imes Häs Úm\nbpw AtAäs kqvamephpw Bbncpp kcn¿pkJzXn. Pp\bvZv(d) ]dbpp: ""kcn¿pÊJXznsbt]mse C_mZn apgpInb asämcmsfbpw Rm InnÃ. F]n HXp sImÃn\nSbv¡p acW tcmKneÃmsX alm InS¡pXmbn IhÀ DmbncpnÃ.'' hntbmKw ln: 257Â.

 

(6) A_q\kzvÀ _nivdp_v\pÂlm^n(d)

alms bYmÀY \mSv aÀhv BWv. Xmakhpw h^mXpw _KvZmZnÂ. lnPvd: 227þemWv h^mXv. Bßob Imcyn alm ]Zhn Aecnhcmbncpp. FÃm Znhkhpw ]I t\mpw cm{Xn apgps¡ \np \nkvImchpw AhnSs ]Xnhmbncpp.

 

(7) A_qkpebvam ZmhqZpzmCu(d)

`nbpsS Imcyn AZznXob\mbncpp ZmhqZpzmCu(d). C_v\p J_oJn \nv Dcn¡sSpp: ""ZmhqZpzmC¡v BsI A\cambn InnbXp 20 Zo\mÀ Bbncpp. Ccp]Xp sImÃw sImmWs{X alm B Zo\mÀ sNehm¡nbXv.'' ]ncn Xnm Xp\nbmXns\ ]än alm ]dªXv, ]ncn Nh¡m\pw Idn Iqm\psams¡ FSp¡p kabnn\nSbn AXv Bbv HmXnoÀ¡msambncpp. A_pÀd_oD hmkznYn(d) Hcn¡Â ZmhqZpzmCtbmSv D]tZiw tXSn. alm ]dªp: ""\o Zpbmhns\ sXmp t\mpImc\mhpI. acWs t\mp Xpdbpam¡pI. P\fn \np h\yarKn \ns t]mse HmSntmhpIbpw sN¿pI.''

 

(8) iJoJpÂ_ÀJo(d)

Jpdmkm\n Pohn aimCJpIfn {]apJ\mbncpp A_q Aen iJoJp_v C_vdmloapÂ_ÂJn(d). Xh¡pens ]cymbambncpp alm. AhnSpp ]d ªp: ""Hcp a\pjys XJvh: aqp Imcyn IsmhpXmWv. hmÂ, hn¡Â, kwkmcw.''

kzq^o ZmÀi\nIcpsS ]nI Cs\ \op t]mIpp. GXm\pw Nne almmcpsS \maÄ am{Xw hmbn¡pI:

A_qA_vZnÃmlnÂaplmkzn_o, A_qbkoZpÂ_nkXzman, A_qaplZv klv epvkvXpcn, A_qkpebvam\pmdm\n, lmXnap Akzw, A_qkIcn¿m, blvb AÂdmkn, A_qlmanZv lfzvdhbvln, A_pÂlpkbv\pÂlnhmcn, A_ql^vkzn\pÂlmZv, A_qXpdm_v AkvIdp \Jvi_o, A_qaplZv J_oJv, A_qAeo AlvaZpÂAXzmJo, A_pÊpdm akzqÀ, A_qkzmenlv laZq, A_p Jmknap Pp\bvZv, A_qDkvam kCuZp\nÂlnbcn, A_pÂlpkbv\pqcn, A_qA_vZnÃm AlvaZp_v blvb PemAv, A_q aplZv cphbv, A_q A_vZnÃm, aplZn\nÂ_ÂJn, A_q_IvÀ AlvaZv_v \kzvdpÊJmJv, A_q A_vZnÃm Awdp_v Dkvam\pÂa¡o, kw\q\p_v lwk:, A_qD_bvZv aplZp_v lÊm\pÂ_nkzvcn, A_p ^hmcniv imlv_v ipPmD\nÂInÀam\n, A_qbAvJq_v bqkp^p_v\p lpkbv, A_qA_vZpÃm aplZvpÀapZn, A_q_IvÀ aplZpnÀanZn, A_qkCuZv AlvaZpÂlÀdmkv, A_q A_vZnÃm aplZp_v akvdqJv, A_pÂlk Aen¿p\n Ckvz_lm\n, A_qaplZv AlvaZp_v aplZpÂPcocn, A_pÂAºmkv AlvaZv, A_qCkvlmJv C_vdmloapÂJÆmkzv, A_qaplZv A_vZpÃ, A_pÂlk _m, A_q lwkXpÂ_KvZmZo, A_q_Ivdp hmkznXzo, A_pÂlk\p_v kzmCKv, A_q CkvlmJv C_vdmlow, awimZpZbvZv \qcn, Jbvdp_v A_vZnÃmlnkmPv, A_qlwkXpÂJpdmkm\n, A_q_IvÀ ZÂ^p\nÈn_ven, A_qaplZv A_vZnÃmlnÂapÀXCiv, A_qAen AlvaZpdqZ_mcn, A_qaplZv A_vZnÃmln_v a\mknÂ, A_qAen aplZv_v A_vZnÃmlnÊJ^o, A_pÂJbvdv A Im\n, A_qbAvJq_v CkvlmJplÀPho, Aen¿p_v aplZpÂaqkbv, Aen¿p_v\pÂImXn_v, apfz^dpÂJÀako\n, A_vZpÃmln_v Xzmlndp A_v lcn, A_pÂlpkbv\p_v _m, C_vdmlow C_v\p ibv_m, lpkbv\p _v Aeo_v bkvZm\nbmÀ, A_q kCuZp_v\pÂAAvdm_o, A_qAwdn\pÊPmPn, PAv^dp_v \kzoÀ, A_pÂAºmkpÊbmcn, A_q_IvÀ aplaaZp ZbvZv \qcn, A_qaplZv A_vZpÃmlnÀdmkn, A_qAwdnmCuep_v \PoZv, A_pÂlk Aen _piPv, A_q A_vZnÃmlnÈodmkn, A_pÂlpkbv\pÈodmkn, A_q_IvdpzÂakvXm\n, A_pÂAºmkv AlvaZpZbvZ\qcn, A_q Dkvam\pÂaKvcn_n, A_pÂJmkznw C_vdmloapkzdm_mZn, A_p lk Aen¿pÂlnkzcn, A_qA_vZnÃmlnÀdZq_mcn (JkÃmlp Akvdmdlpw).

 

(9) lk\pÂ_kzcn(d)

XzcoJXns Ncn{Xn Fs alm\mWp lk\pÂ_kzcn(d). kzlm_Xn \nv XkzÆp^ns Nm\ hcpXv lk\p _kzcn hgnbmsWp Ncn{XImcmÀ tcJsSppp. A_q\psFw(d) ]dbpp: ""lk\p _kzcn DX\mb IÀaimkv{X hnimcZ\pw AtXmsSmw IÀ¡i¡mc\mb `uXnI ]cnXymKnbpambncpp. C_mZn\pthn PohnXw Dgnªpshp. Zpbmhns\bpw Zpbmhns Aemcsbpw ]pdwIm sImp Xn amän. tZlns CObpw AeÑbpw ]msS shSnªp''(lnÂb: 2/132).

AÃmam aplZv A_vZpÂAkokpÂ^Àlmcn FgpXpp: ""lk\pÂ_kzcn(d) AXypX\mb Xm_nDw CamapamIpp. lZokvþIÀaimkv{X hnimcZcmcpsS ibvJpw kqvamep¡fpsSbpw kzq^n¿Xnsbpw Kpcphpambncpp. Aen(d)hn \nmWp _lpam\shÀ lZokpw XkzÆp^ns Imcyfpw {KlnsXmWp {]_ew. kzlm_Xn \nv Htsdt]sc Ipapm _lpam\shÀ¡p `mKyw ssIhnpv. Jpdmkm\n \S Hcp bpn apqdn ]cw kzlm_nIÄs¡mv Rm ]sSppshv alm Xs ]dªnpv. kwkmcw \_namcpsS kwkmcn\p kam\w AÀY KÀ`ambncpphs{X. AhnSps kZÊv ]ctemI NnIfm hnImc`cnXambncpp. Hcn¡epw `uXnI ImcyÄ B khn[n NÀ¡p hncpnÃ. DaÀ(d)s Jnem^Xv ImemWv P\\w. h^mXv lnPvd: 110 dP_v amknepw'' (An_vdmkv: 19).

AÂJaXp_v aÀkZv(d) ]dbpp: ""`uXnI ]cnXymKw Xm_nDIfnse Fp almmcn HXpnbncn¡pp. AXnsemcmfs{X lk\pÂ_kzcn(d). alms\¡mÄ am\knI hnjaw DÅ asämcmsfbpw Rm InnÃ. ASp \nanjn hà AXymlnXhpw ]änbhs\ t]msebmWv Atls Im tXmpI. ]ctemI hnNmcambncpp alms hnjatlXp.'' AÂJa XpScpp: ""\Ä Nncn¡pp. AÃmlp \mw sN¿pXp t\m¡n¡mWpphtÃm Fp \mw HmÀ¡pnÃ. Ah AXp Iv ]dbppmIpw: "Rm \nfn \nv Hpw kzoIcn¡pXÃ.' a\pjy]p{Xm, \n\¡v AÃmlphpambn t]mcmSm Fp inbmWpÅXv? AÃmlphn\v FXncp sNbvXh Aht\mSp t]mcmn\p Xncnªh\mIpp. Rm PohnXn Fgp]Xp _Zvcosf Ipapopv. Ahscms¡ Xs IcnSw am{XamWv [cnncpXv. \nÄ¡v Im tXmpw AhÀ Hcp Xcw am\knI tcmKnIfmsWv. Fm \nfn hfsc Damsc Im AhÀ¡v A`n{]mbsSm\pmhpI "Cu a\pjymÀs¡mpw Hcp \bpantÃ' FmIpw. \n fn tami¡msc Im AhÀ IcpXpI "Cu a\pjymÀ ]ctemI hnNmcWsb FSnØm\nemWv t]Sn¡mXncn¡pXv' FmIpw. kXyn AhÀ hnNmcnncppshn Zpbmhv AhcpsS Im¡ogn Xs InSp Ifn¡pam bncpp. ]t, Ahsc Rm IXv AÂ]w Aw am{Xw _m¡n shp t\cw CcppXmbnmWv'' (lnÂb: 2/130).

Cu hnhcWw lk\pÂ_kzcn(d)\p e`n Bßob NnbpsS t{kmXÊns\ Ipdnp \ap¡p t_m[w Xcpp. kzlm_Xn \np ]IÀsSp almb amÀKambncpp alms\ kw_Ônp XzcoJXpw XkzÆp^pw. Aen(d) C¡mcyn AhnSpt¡p khntij Kpcphmbn Fpam{Xw. Rm hnÚm\ns \KcamsWn Aen AXn\Ip Ibdm\pÅ IhmSamsW Xncp\_n(kz) ]dªnpsÃm. Cu hN\n \np Bthiw DÄsImmbncpp lk\p _kzcn(d), Aen(d)s injyXzn\p {]m[m\yw sImSpncpXv.

Camw C_v\plPdn lbvXan(d) ]dbpp: ""kzq^o hn`mKn\p ssIXpSÀbpw ]npSÀbpw ]qÀWamIp hn[n lk\pÂ_kzcn(d), Aen(d)hpambn _ Ôspshp ]dbpXns\ Nne Ncn{XImcmÀ icnshnnÃ. aäp NneÀ AXp icnbmsW hoW¡mcmIpp. AÂlm^nfzv kqbqXzn(d) ]dbpX,v Aen(d)hpambpÅ alms Bß _Ôw {]mamWnIamsWmWv. AXpt]mse, AÂlm^nfzv fznbmDo\pÂaJvZnkn(d) Xs apJvXmdXnepw AÂlm^nfzv ibvJp Ckv emw C_v\plPÀ(d) AXzvdm^p apJvXmdXnepw C¡mcyw icnshXmbn Im Wmw. Cu ØncoIcWw \ntj[ns\ A{]_eam¡pXmWv. DaÀ(d)s Jnem^Xn cp sImÃw _m¡n \nÂs¡bmWp alm P\nXv. Ggmas hbÊn Dkvam(d)hpsamp PamAXn ]sSpncpp. Dkvam(d)s h^mXv hsc CXp XpSÀp. A¡mev Aen(d)hpw PamAn\v hncpp. Dkvam(d)s h^mXv thfbn lk\pÂ_kzcn(d)hn\p ]Xn\mep hbÊmbncpp. Znt\\ Ap XhW ]Ån¡Iv HpIqSm Ahkcw Innsbncns¡ Aen(d) \nv lk\pÂ_kzcn(d) Hpw tInnesÃp IcpXpXp icnbÃ. C¡mcWmemWv Aen(d)hns\ Ipn{]mbn lk(d) Incppshv Aen¿p aZo\o(d) ]dªncn¡pXv. AXn\p ]pdsa Aen(d) DlmXpÂapAvan\ofpsS `h\Ä kÀin¡pI ]XnhmbncppshmWp Ncn{Xw. \_n ]Xv\namcn DpkeabpsS hon BbncptÃm lk\p _kzcn(d) XnbncpXv. Dpkea _ohn lks\ kzlm_n\Spt¡p _dIXv tXSn ]dªb¡pIbpw DaÀ (d) lk\pthn Cs\ {]mÀYnXmbpw tcJbpv. ""AÃmlpth, Chs\ \o Zo\n Hcp ]WvVnX\m¡pIbpw P\fpsS CjvS]m{Xam¡pIbpw sN¿Wta!'' (^XmhÂlZokn¿: 126).

 

(10) Camw Pp\bvZpÂ_KvZmZn(d)

XzcoJXns Ncn{Xn \nÀWmbI ]mfnn\pSabmWp Pp\bvZv(d). A_p ÂJmknapÂPpss\Zp_v aplZv FmWp ]qÀW \maw. Camw Jpibvcn(d) FgpXpp: ""_lpam\shÀ Cu kwLns A\ntj[y t\Xmhpw CamapamIpp'' (AÀdnkme:18).

\lmhZnemWp _lpam\shcpsS thcv InS¡pXv. P\\hpw hfÀbpw CdmJnÂ. XnIª ^Jolmbncpp alm. Ccp]Xmas hbÊn Xs ^Xv h¡pÅ {]mhoWyw kmZnp. kcn¿pÊJXzn(d)hpambn klhÀXnXzneqsS Bßob t{iWnIÄ Xmn. Camw aplmkn_nbmWp asämcp Iqmfn.

XkzÆp^ns Ncn{Xn\p hnhmßIamb hyhØIÄ Dm¡pXn\v alm \mbIXzw \ÂInbXmbn Ncn{Xw kmyw hln¡pp. Cu cwKs IÅ\mWbÄ¡p  AhnSs Xm¡oXpIÄ Cpw apdnbnpIfmbn \ne\n¡ppv. A_qaplZp Pcodn(d) ]dbpp: ibvJv Pp\bvZpÂ_KvZmZn(d) ]dªp: ""R Ä XkzÆp^v ]nSnncn¡pXp Joebpw Jmebpw ]n_eam¡nbÃ. hnjp klnpw Zpbmhns\bpw AXnse Aemcsfbpw shSnªpw a\Ên\pw icocn\pw CWpsXms¡ shn amänbpamIpp.''

alm ]dªXns s]mcpÄ hyamWv. Joebpw Jmebpw FXp sImv DtinXv, ASnØm\ clnXfmb hmZapJfpw tIptIÄhnIfpamIpp. Cp XzcoJXns t]cn hymPmÀ ]peÀp coXnbnte¡mWp kXyn alm hnc NqpXv. PohnXw apgph BUw_cambn BtLmjn tijw XkzÆp^ns almtKm]pcw AhImisSphÀ¡p Pp\bvZv(d)s coXnIÄ¡p apn \ne\nÂnÃ.

Pp\bvZv(d) AtAäs `\pw Bcm[\¡mc\pambncpp. DkvXmZv A_q Aen(d) ]dbpp: ""Pp\bvZv(d) Znhkhpw Xs ]oSnIbn sNp hncnXmgvn 400 dIvAXv \nkvIcn¡pw. A\cw honte¡p aSpIbpw sN¿pw.''

A_q_IvdpÂAXzohn(d) ]dbpp:""Pp\bvZv(d)s hntbmKthfbn Rm ASppv. alm Hcp XhW JpÀB ]qÀWambn HmXnoÀp cmw XhW Hmp XpSn. AÂ_Jd: kqdn 70 Bbv FnbtmgmWv CltemIw shSnªXv.''

Pp\bvZpÂ_KvZmZn(d) Fntcp kzq^okcWnsbän {]apJ ]WvVnX k¿nZv A_vZnÂAkokv CÊXv(d) FgpXpp: ""XkzÆp^n ]dbsSp {][m\ kwÚIfmWv AÂAlvZv, AÂJo Fnh. CkvemanIambn AlvZv Hcp \à Imcys {]mhÀnIam¡pXns\ GsäSp¡emWv. AkzmcnIÄ \_n (kz)sb Imp ]cncn¡msav GsäSpXv DZmlcWw. hnip JpÀB Xs icnsh¡p ImcyamWnXv. ""XoÀ, AhÀ AtbmSp IcmÀ sN¿ppshnepw AhÀ kXyn IcmÀ sN¿pXv AÃmlphnt\mSp XsbmIpp.'' sNmÃns¡mSp¡Â FÀYw hcp "XÂJo\pw' CtXt]mse {]mamWnIamWv. Camw Xz_vdm\n(d)bpw _Êmdpw(d) aäpw Dcn Xmsg ]dbp hN\w CXn\p sXfnhmb tcJbmWv.

""\_n(kz) Hä¡pw Iqmbpw Xs kzlm_nIÄ¡p emCeml CÃÃmlv sNmÃns¡mSpncpp.''

Cs\bpÅ sNmÃns¡mSp¡Â sImp ]e a\ÊpIÄ hgn \_n(kz)bpambn {]tXyI _Ôw Xs DmbnXocpp FXmWp t\w. kXyhm\mb Hcp apcoZn\v CXphgn HuenbmCeqsS Xncp\_n(kz)bn Fm\mIpp. _dIXn\p thn Ccw almcYmcpsS Xmhgn \ap¡p ]dbmwþAÃmlphn \nv Pn_v coÂ(A) \v e`nXv Pn_vco hp \_n(kz)¡p sNmÃns¡mSpp. \_n(kz) Aen¿p_v A_oXzmen_n(d)\p sNmÃns¡mSpp. Aen(d) ]p{Xmcmb AÂlk(d), AÂlpkbv(d) FnhÀ¡pw ]pdsa AÂlk\p _kzco, Iamep _v knbmZv(d: Alpw) FnhÀ¡pw sNmÃns¡mSpp. AÂlk\p _kzcn l_o_p\n APan(d)¡pw Atlw ZmhqZpzmC(d)¡pw sNmÃns¡mSpp. ZmhqZpzmC(d)bn \nv aAvdq^p JÀJn(d) hgn kcn¿ÊJzXn(d)bn Fn. alm\n \nmWp kzq^o kwLns t\Xmhmbn {]JymX\mb Pp\bvZp _KvZmZn(d)p ta hnÚm\w e`n¡pXv. alm\n \npÅ Ipäaä ]c cIfmWp ]n¡mep Ncn{Xn {]knambXv (dAvkpÊBZ: t]: 6,7).

 

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