atäXp cwKhpw t

XzcoJXv

   

F\n¡v Bcm[\ sN¿phm thnbmWv a\pjyþPnp hÀKsf Rm krjvSnn cn¡pXv (AmcnbmXv: 56) Fv AÃmlp kp_vlm\lq h XBe hn ip JpÀB\n ]dbppv.  Cu hnip hN\n apJyamb cv BibfmWv AÃmlp {]Imi\w sN¿pXv.  a\pjyþPnp hÀKsf krjvSnXp Rm\msWpw A¡mcWw sImp {kjvSmhmb F\n¡v Cu hn`mKÄ Bcm[\ sN¿Wsapw. a\pjy krjvSnns ]caamb eys Cu hN\w ASnhcbnp ]dbpp.  FpsImv AÃmlphns\ Xs Bcm[n¡Ww F tNmZyn\p bpnklamb adp]Snbpw CXnepv. {kjvSmhv Rm\mWv; AXpsImv Bcm[\bmIp ]caamb hW¡w F\n¡p am{Xambncn¡Ww. XuloZns bpamb \ymboIcWhpw inÀ¡ns bpn cmlnXyhpw ChnsS kqN\bpv.

Bcm[\ sImpÅ IÂ\ a\pjyhÀKtmSp s]mXpshbpÅXmWv. AÃmlphn\v C_mZXv sN¿pI a\pjy hÀKns s]mXp _m[yXbmWv. Nne {]tXyI kÀ`fpw ImcWfpw sImv NneÀ¡v NnetmÄ CfhpIÄ DmImw.  s]mXphmb IÂ]\¡v CXv FXncÃ. Hcp hnjbw s]mXphmbn ]dbptmÄ AXn Xs NneXp {]tXyIambn ]dbm\pmIpw.  `uXnIamb ImgvNmSp XssbSp¡mw.  hynIÄ FÃmhcpw XpeycÃ. s]mXphmbn P\Xsb km[mcW¡mÀ(Publics)Fp]dbpw. Cu s]mXp P\n NneÀ {]tXyI¡mcmbpmIpw. Chsc (V.I.P) Fp hntijnn¡pw.  {]tXyI¡mcnepw Nne DXmcpmIpw. ChscbmWv (V.V.I.P) Fp ]dbpI.

kmaqlnI \nbafpw \nb{Wfpw FÃm hn`mKn\pw Hcpt]mse _m[IamWv. Fm {]tXyI¡mÀ¡p Nne {]tXyIm[nImcfpw AhImifpw, kam\ambtXm ISpw IqSnbtXm Bb _m[yXIfpapmbncn¡pw. kapXcpsS Imcyw hcptmÄ \ne]mSp amdpw. AXmbXv, km[mcW¡mscbpw Akm[mcW¡mscbpw At]nv DXmÀ¡v hn]peamb A[nImcmhImifpw hn _m[yXIfpw DmIpw.

km[mcW¡mc\p kaqln e`n¡p \nbaþAhImi ]cncbà {]apJmÀ¡p e`n¡pI.  AtXt]mse km[mcW¡mcn \np Ipähpw Ipdhpw hogvNIfpw Dmbm ]cnKWn¡pXp t]msebà Hcp {]apJs\ ]cnKWn¡pI.  "kaqln DX Øm\w hln¡p Hcp hynbn \nv Hcn¡epw DmIm ]mSnÃm IpäamWpmbncn¡p sXpw AXpsImp {]Xn¡p \nbaw A\pimkn¡p ]camh[n in Xs \ÂtIXpspw' Nne tImSXn hn[nIfn ]cmaÀin¡pXp \mw km[mcW tIÄ¡mdptÃm. CXmWp kaqln km[mcW¡mcpw Akm[mcW¡mcpw XnepÅ Acw.

CcnepÅ C\w Xncnhv Bßob Imcyfnepapv. aX]camb ASnØm\ \nbafpw imk\Ifpw FÃmhÀ¡pw s]mXphmbXpw FÃmhcpw Hpt]mse A\pkcn¡m\pw A\pjvTn¡m\pw _m[yØcpamWv. Fm {]tXyI¡mÀ aXnepapv. km[mcW¡mÀ¡nÃm ]e A[nI _m[yXIfpw NpaXeIfpw Hw {]tXyIamb AhImifpw ChÀ¡v Ckvemw A\phZnpsImSpnpv. C\n Akm[mcW¡mcn Akm[mcW¡mcmb {]tXyI¡mÀ¡v CXphsc ]dªXn \nsÃmw hyXyØhpw hn]pehpw IÀ¡ihpamb _m[yXIfpw IWniamb imk\Ifpapv. CXn\p kam\amb coXnbn hn A[nImcmhImifpw Cu DXmÀ¡pmbncn¡pw.

s]mXpsh \mw ]dbmdpÅXpt]mse, Zo\ns Imcynepw ASnØm\ hn`mKw km[mcW¡mÀ XsbmWv. Chcnse kmXznIcpw kÖ\fpamWp kzmenloÄ. aXnse {]tXyI¡mcmWv AÃmlphns Huenbm¡Ä. \nÀ_Ôhpw A\p_Ôhp amb Bcm[\IÄ IWniambn ]ment¡hcpw PohnX hnipnbpw kqvaXbpw ]peÀthcpw AÃmlphns\¡pdnpÅ kvacWbn am{Xw izkn¡pIbpw DOzkn¡pIbpw sN¿phcpamWnhÀ. km[mcW¡mcs aX\n baamWp icoAXv. AXn hnizmk]chpw IÀa]chpamb ASnØm\ Imcysf Ãmw DÄsncn¡pw. Fm {]tXyI¡mcpsS ]ÙmhmWp kmtXnImÀYn Ckvemanse XzcoJXv. kq^n amÀKw Fp CXns\ kmam\yambn ]dbmw.

icoAXv Hmtcm hyntbbpw t\À¡pt\sc _m[n¡pw. km[mcW¡mct\m A km[mcW¡mct\m {]tXyI¡mct\m F hyXymkw CXnenÃ. F{X Bßob DXn {]m]nmepw icoAXns imk\Ifn \np hyn tamNnX\mhpXÃ.  Fm XzcoJXv Akm[mcW¡mÀ¡pw {]tXyI¡mÀ¡pw am{XambpÅXmWv.  AsXmcp s]mXp \nbaaÃ. hntijshÀ¡p thn AÃmlpXBe GÀsSpnb hntijs hgnbmWv.  BßÚm\nIfpw {]] ]cnXymKnIfpw XncsªSpt¡ tamns hgnbmWnXv.

AÀY kpjvSamb Ad_n ]ZamWp XzcoJXv. `mjm ]VnX\mb AÃmam C_v\p afzqÀ tcJsSppp:

XzcoJXv F ]Zn\p kcWn F AÀYapv. HcmfpsS kmc ]mXsb XzcoJXv Fp ]dbmw. kaqlnse alp¡sfbpw am\yscbpw "XzcoJXv' Fp hntijnn¡pI ]XnhmWv. t{ijvS hynXzsf Ad_nIÄ "lmZm XzcoJXp Juanln' Fp {]iwkn¡pXv tInpv (enkm\pÂAd_v 8/155).

apIfn sImSp `mjm]camb hniIe\n \np kmtXnI hymJym\n te¡pÅ kqN\ \ap¡p Inpw. almmcpsS almb amÀKamWp XzcoJXv. k¿nZv ico^v(d) ]dbpp: ""AÃmlphnte¡pÅ Bßob bm{Xbn GÀshcpsS khntijamb coXnbmIpp XzcoJXv'' (AAvco^mXv: 137). ""AÃmlphnte¡pÅ B[ymß bm{Xbv¡p kq^nIÄ kzoIcn¡p kcWnbmWv XzcoJXv'' (AÂlmZn: 3/115).

 

XzcoJXns s]mcpÄ

XzcoJXns s]mcpÄ efnXamWv. AÃmlphns kmao]yw IcØam¡m\pÅ hgnbmWXv. AÃmlphns kmao]yw InWsan Ahs hn[n hne¡pIÄ ]men¡Ww. tIhew hn[nhne¡pIÄ ]menm t]mc. IÀ¡ihpw kqvahpambn Ah ]men¡Ww. _lp: kbv\po aJvZqw(d) ]dbpp:

""XoÀ, XzcoJXv kqvaXbpw kpZrVXbpw apdpsI ]nSn¡epamIpp. kwibm kv]Zambhsb shSnb kqvaX¡pZmlcWamWv. Bcm[\Ifnse ITn\ {]b Xv\w kpZrVXbv¡v DZmlcWamWv'' (AZvInbmAv Bdmw hcnbpsS Bibw).

ta ]dªXn \np XzcoJv AÃmlphn FnsSm\pÅ Ipdp¡phgntbm Ffphgntbm AsÃp a\Ênem¡mw.  AsXmcp ISbmWv. IÀ¡iamb NÄ ]menp sImpÅ PohnXamWv. XzcoJns hgnbn {]thin alm a\ojnIfpsS PohnXn \npw CXp hyamIpw.

 

eyhpw amÀKhpw

XkzÆp^ns ^eambnmWp XzcoJXv \nehn hsXp ]dbmw. BßkwkvI cWamWp XkÆp^ns aÀaw. AÃmlphnte¡pÅ EPphmb IÀaþ[Àa amÀKamWp XkÆp^v. C_v\p JÂZq tcJsSppp: ""XkzÆp^v XoÀpw aX]chpw CkvemanI PohnXns ]qÀW ]cymbhpamWv. Cu amÀKn\p \nZm\w kzlm_nIfpw ]nKmanIfpaSp almmcmb ]qÀht\XrXzhpamWv. kXynsbpw kmÀK nsbpw kcWnbmWnXv. AÃmlphn\pÅ Bcm[\bn PohnXw Dgnªpsh¡epw `uXnImVw_cÄ shSnªv Ah\nte¡v BKan¡epamWp XkzÆp^ns ASnd'' (apJna: 517).

XkzÆp^v F ]Zns \njv]nsb ]än \nch[n A`n{]mbfpv. "lnÂbXpÂHuenbmAv' AS¡apÅ kp{]kn Bß kwkvIcW {KÙfn Ah hn hcnnpv. CXn {]kamb Hv kq^o kcWnbnse A\ntj[y\mb A_v ZpÂJmZndp Poem\n (Jp.kn)sXmWv. alm ]dbpp:

""AÃmlphns {KÙhpw Xncp\_n(kz)bpsS Ncybpw A\pkcnp _mlyhpw Achpw sXfnabpäXm¡nbh BIpp kq^n'' (AÂ^Xv lpÀdºm\n: 207).

Camw AlvaZp_v aplZp_v APo_:(d) Cu A`n{]mbw DcnpsImp ]dbpp: ""XkzÆp^v F ]Zw "kz^mAv' F ]Zn \np hXmsWmWp \memas hoWw. a\Êv sXfnabpäXm¡emWv CXpsImv AÀYam¡pXv. Cu hoWw {]_eamsWp ]ecpw ]dªnpv'' (CuJmfpÂlnaw: 6).

 

XkzÆp^ns\ \nÀÆNnpsImv ibvJp Ckvemw kIcn¿ÂAkzmcn ]dbpp: ""lrZb ]cnipnbpw kz`mh kwkvIcWhpw Fs\ IcØam¡msap Nnn¡p hnÚm\ imJbmWp XkzÆp^v. BXynI hnPbn\p thn A Ihpw ]pdhpw ]cn]men¡epw CÂapkzÆp^ns `mKw Xs'' (idlpÀdnkmeXpÂJpibvcn¿: 7/12).

Cu hoWw XsbmWp an¡ ]VnXmcpw CÂapkzÆp^n\p \ÂInbnpÅXv. ibvJv AlvaZv kpdqJv(d) (JhmCZpkzÆp^v) ibvJv apkvX^m A aZ\n(d) (ApkzvdXp_hn¿:) ibvJvv Clvkm aplZv Zlvem(d) (anlmPp B_nZo) XpSnbhÀ DZmlcWw. \nÀhN\n \maam{Xamb amäÄ Dsnepw Ahkm\ hniIe\n ibvJp Ckvemw(d) ]dª Bibn  FÃmhcpw FnsSppv. XkzÆp^ns eysän "CuJzmfzv' ]dª Xv CXn\v Dt]mÂ_eIamWv: ""XkzÆp^ns Dtiyw lrZb kwkvIcWhpw tKm ]yambsXÃmw Adnbp AÃmlphns\ ASpdnbm {ian¡epamWv. asämcp `mjbn ]dªmÂ, tZlnbpsS [mÀanIXbpw a\Êns \nkzXbpw kIe krjvSnItfmSpapÅ kÂkz`mhhpamIpp XkzÆp^ns s]mcpÄ'' (CuJzmfzpÂlnaw: 8)

 

XkzÆp^v kw_Ôambn kzq^o]VnXÀ ]dª A`n{]mbsfÃmw ta ]dª Bibs ØncoIcn¡ppv. Pp\bvZpÂ_KvZmZn(d) ]dbpp: ""XkzÆp ^v ]v BibÄ ASppXmWv. `uXnI XmXv]cyfn \np ]camh[n AIepI, a\Êns\ AÃmlphn Ahew_am¡n \ndppI, ]pWyIÀaÄ sImv AÃmlphns\ Bcm[n¡pXn AXym{Klw sImÅpI, `uXnIXbpsS CÃmbvabn a ssIsImÅpI, aäpÅ hym]mcsf¡mÄ AÃmlphn hym]rX\mhpI, A\yNnIÄ shSnªv AÃmlphn clky ZnIvÀ Ddp hcppI, XnIª BßmÀYX ]peÀpI, kwibfn B]Xn¡msX a\Êpdp ssIsImÅpI. kzOXbnepw ]cn{`mnbnepw AÃmlphn imn IspI, ssIhiapÅ km[\w kzoIcn¡pXn hnthIw ssIsImÅpI. Ch kzambpÅbmÄ am{Xta kzq^n F ]Zhn¡Àl\mIq. AÃmhÀ kzq^n Naªm Ah IÅ\msWp \o KWn¡pI.''

Pp\bvZv(d) XkzÆp^ns\ ]cmaÀinpsImp asämcn¡Â ]dªp: ""tamiamb kz`mhfn \np HgnhmIepw AXypX kz`mhfn {]thin¡epamWp XkzÆp^v.''

A_q_¡À AÈn_ven(d) bYmÀY kq^nsb¡pdnp ]dbpp: ""a\Êns\ sXfnabpäXm¡m ]mSps]p hnPbw sImbvsXSph\mWp kzq^n. Xncp\_n(kz) bpsS amÀKn can¡pIbpw Zpbmhns\ ]ncSn¡p ]pdsdnªp hncnbpsS thZ\ tZtlOsb cpNnn¡pIbpw sN¿ph\pamWv Ah.'' ""lrZbfpsS kv^SnI kam\X Ddp hcpemWp kzq^nkw. clkyÄ GXpw Adnbp AÃmlphns\¡pdnpÅ a\sfnabmWv AXpsImv AÀYam¡pXv.''

kncn¿pÊnJXn(d) ]dbpp: ""XkzÆp^v am\yamb kz`mh KpWamIpp. AXneqsS a\pjy am\y\mbn am\ymcpsS KWn sNp tNcpp'' (lnÂbXpÂHuenbmAv: 1/22, 23).

Camw dphbv(d) ]dªp: ""kzns\ AÃmlphns COs¡mv AgnphnSemWp XkzÆp^v.''

aAvdq^p IÀJn(d) ]dbpp: ""]Shs ]¡Â DÅXn am{Xw Bish¡epw ]SpIfpsS ]¡epÅXn \ncmi sImÅepamIpp XkzÆp^v.''

AÃmam in_ven(d) ]dªp: ""]SpIsf shSnªp ]Sh\n ]nSnsImSp¡emIpp XkzÆp^v.''

A_qXpdm_pJvi_n ]dªp: ""kzq^nsb Hpw aen\am¡nÃ. Ah\m FÃmw ]cnipamIpw.''

Zpq(d)]dªp: ""kzq^nIÄ AÃmlphns\ asäÃmäns\¡mfpw XncsªSp hcmIpp. A¡mcWm AÃmlp Ahscbpw XncsªSpncn¡pp'' (AÀdnkmeXpÂJpibvcn¿: 126, 127).

AÃmam kIcn¿ÂAkzmcn(d) ]dbpp: ""a\pjy kzw CjvSw shSnbemIpp XkzÆp^v.'' ]t{nbsf ]cn]qÀWambn ]cncn¡epw izmtkzmtOmksf ImcpfepamsWpw A`n{]mbapv. AÃmlphns amÀKn bm{X XpScphm ITn\{iaw \SemWp XkzÆp^v Fp NneÀ ]dbptmÄ aäp Nn eÀ ]dbpXv, \ymbm\ymbÄ amänshv AÃmlphn\p thn IÀa\ncX\mIemsWmWv'' (lhmanipÂJpibvcn¿: 126).

ta ]dª hoWsfÃmw XkzÆp^ns amÀKhpw eyhpw ]hn{XamsWp hyam¡pp. AÃmlphns\ Adnbm\pw Ahs kmao]yw t\Sm\papÅ PohnX km[\bmWp XkzÆp^v. AÃmlphn\p apn Fpw XyPn¡m Hcp¡amIp IdIfªXpw kaÀnXhpamb a\Êns DSaIfmWv kzq^nIÄ. AhÀ apn ImWpXv AÃmlphns\bpw ]ctemIsbpamWv. CltemIsbpw Xs Xsbpw ]cnKW\bpsS ZrjvSntbmSp IqSn ImWm AhÀ Hcp¡aÃ. sImntLmjntm sInabntm kzq^nkw cq]sSpnÃ. IpSpw_]mccytam XdhmSp alXztam am{Xw kzq^nsb P\nn¡ppanÃ.

 

kmÀh{XnIX

XkzÆp^pw XzcoJXpw DbÀnnSn¡p XXzhpw Bibhpw kmÀhP\o\hpw kmÀhImenIhpamsWp \ap¡p ]dbmw.  apkvenans PohnX eyw Xs B XXzn _ÔnXamIpp. CkvemanI ImgvNmSn krjvSnns hnhn[ LÄ XmnbmWp a\pjy CltemIsnbncn¡pXv. Bßm¡fpsS tem Ip Hcp Lw Ignªp t]mbXmbn JpÀB ]dbppv. a\pjy]nXmhmb BZw(A)s apXpIn \npw AWp kam\cmbn a\pjyhÀKs ]pdsSphnpshpw AhtcmSv AÃmlp ""Rm \nfpsS cnXmhv AÃtbm?'' Fp tNmZnpshpw ""AsX'' Fv AhÀ {]XnIcnpshpw hnip JpÀB\pw (kqdXp AAvdm^v: 172þmas hmIyw) ]pWy{]hmNI\pw ]Tnnnpv. A\cw a\pjy\p hnlcn¡m kpJtemI kzÀKn Ahkcw InnbXmbpw ]noSp ]coWns \mSmb CltemIt¡v Ah hXmbpw {]amWÄ ]dbpp.

 

a\pjys bYmÀY `h\w kzÀKamsWpw CltemI PohnXn Ahs ZuXyw B \jvSkzÀKw hosSp¡emsWpw BZn ]nXmhns kzÀKob PohnXhpw A\c kw`hfpw kqNnn¡pp. Fm eynte¡pÅ Ahs {]bmWn\p hnep XSnbmbn ]e inIfpw ChnsS {]hÀn¡ppv. C_veokpw Xs Xs tZtlObpamWv Cu ZpjvS inIÄ. C_veokv a\pjys XnIª i{XphmWv. C¡mcyw JpÀB hyam¡ppv. C_veokns ]nncn {]hÀ\w a\pjys\ AÃmlphn \nv AIäpp. Ahs IpX{fn a\pjy hoWp t]mInÃmbncppshn B[ymß clkyÄ Im Wm a\pjy\p bmsXmcp {]bmkhpw DmIpambncpnsÃp \_n(kz) ]dªnpv. C_veokns {]hÀ\Ä ]e apJfpÅXmWv. a\pjys\ hgn sXän¡pXn Ah\pÅ kzmX{yw hnimehpamWv. a\pjy icocneqsS cw kcn¡pnSsms¡ ]nimNn\p Nw{IaWw km[yamsWp \_n(kz) apdnbnp \ÂInpv. Cu C_veokns\ {]Xntcm[npsImp aptmp \o pI apkvenans _m[yXbmWv.

amÀK{`win\p a\pjys\ t{]cnn¡p asämcp in Ahs Xs tZtlObmIpp. HcÀYn C_veokns\¡mÄ ISp  i{XphmWp tZtlO. tZtlO¡\pkrXambpÅ \o¡s ""tZtlOsb Cemlm¡Â'' Fp ISp `mj D]tbmKnp JpÀB hnaÀinXmbn ImWmw. AÃmlphns hn[nhne¡pIÄ ewLn¡pXn\pÅ {]IrXn Z hnImcamIpp tZtlO. AXns\ hcpXnbnem¡pI \ap¡p \nÀ_ÔamIpp. AÃm ]w AXp \s imizXamb B]n  sImsn¡pw.

 

tZtlOtbmSpw ]nimNnt\mSpapÅ kacamWv CltemI PohnXsap taÂ]dªXn \np a\Ênembn. Cu kacsbmWp \_n(kz) ""hn t]mcmw'' (PnlmZp AIv_À) Fp hntijnnXv. a\pjy sN¿p Bcm[\IÄ Cu kacnse NphSpshbv]pIfmWv. a\pjy Hgnhmt¡ Imcyf{Xbpw Cu kacnse ewL\Ä BIpp. XzcoJns aÀahpw CXp Xs. Cu AÀYn XzcoJXns XXzw kmÀh{XnIamsWpw apkvenans PohnXn GsXnepw Hcp AÀYn AXv A\nhmcyamsWpw hcpp. CXp kmtXnImÀYn Xs Bbm IqSpX amäpÅXpw aptäw IqSpX FfphpamIpw.

 

a\pjy a\Êns ]cnipnbmWp XzcoJXns ^esap \ap¡dnbmw. CXp a\pjys BXynI hnPbn\v A\nhmcyWv. Cs\ ipn hcppXn\v Bhiyamb ImcyÄ ]Tn¡pXp hynKX \nÀ_Ôn s]XmsWmWp ]VnX ]w. Camw KÊmen(d) ]dbpXp ImWpI: ""a\pjy\n ]nimNnsbpw aeInsbpw kzm[o\sän kzq^nIÄ km[mcW NÀ sN¿mdpv. ss]imNnI a{þX{Ä¡p hnt[bamIpsapsn Ahsbän ]Tnncn¡Â _m[yXbmbn amdpw. Akqb, DÄ\mSyw, temIam\yw, Almcw, tZjyw, shdpv XpSnb ZpjvS t{]cWIfn \np ]qÀambpw tamNnX\mhpI FXp s]mXpsh km[yasÃmWv A\p`hw. AXpsImv ClvbmCs dp_vD aplvenImXv F `mKv ]dª Acw ImcyÄ Adnªpsh¡Â \nÀ_ÔamWv. a\pjys COsb {]Xntcm[n¡m AXymm t]nXamWv A¡mcyÄ. hnt[bsSpp ep_v[X, A\pkcn¡sSp tZtlO, kzs Xs aXnpäXmbn `mhn¡Â Fnh a\pjys\ \inn¡p {XnaqÀnIfmsWmWv \_n  (kz) ]dªXv. Ch \o¡w sN¿m ]cn]qÀWhpw IpäaäXpamb Bß {]bXv\w thWw. aäpÅ kIeam\ \mifpw ]msªpXv ChbpsS kmn[ym BIpp. Npcp¡n Cu hnZy Hcp ]cn[nhsc hynKX \nÀ_Ôn s]XmIpp. ]SpIÄ CXv Adnªncn¡Â \nÀ_ÔamWv (^mXnlXpÂDeqw: 37). kzq^nIÄ aptmp sh¡pXpw aÀaw IÂ]n¡pXpamb Bß ipoIcWÚm\w HmtcmcpÀ¡pw \nÀ_ÔambXmsWpw Ah Adnªp {]mhÀnIam¡emWp PohnXns \nZm\sapw {Kln¡mw. CXv XzcoJXns kmÀh{XnIXsbbmWp Ipdn¡pXv. XzcoJXv kw_Ôamb {KÙfn {Kln¡mhp Bibhpw CdªXp XsbmWv. km[mcW¡mc\p XzcoJXns amÀKtcJ hcp ImWn¡m ibvJv kbv\po aJvZqw(d) cNn "AZvInbmAv' F Nnc]cnNnXhpw {]knhpamb Imhy{KÙns CXnhrw CXn\p aXnbmb tcJbmIpp. HuenbmCs amÀKw sImXn¡phÀ Xmsg ImWp ImcyÄ Adnªp ]men¡s Fp ]dªpsImp alm XpSpXpXs Xu_sbänbmWv. XpSÀp BßmÀYX, hnÚm\ kmZ\w, kppIÄ {]mhÀnIam¡Â, Zn\NcyIÄ Fns\ NÀIÄ \opt]mIpp. XzcoJXv DbÀnnSn¡p ktis kmÀh{XnIam¡m\pw AXp PohnXn \nv HgnhmIpXsÃp t_m[ysSpm\pw "AZvInbmAv' Ifsamcp¡pp.

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