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{]tXyI ^o

\_nZn\w

atäXp cwKhpw t

ssiJv A_vZpÂJmZnÀ Poem\n(d)

 

ssiJv Poem\n (JkÃmlp knÀdlp Akokv ; {]uVKw`ocamb AhnSps Bß clkys PKnbmhv C\nbpan\nbpw ]cnipnsSps)bpsS PtZiw t]Àjybnse "Ioem' BIpp. Ad_nbn ""Poem'' FmWv Adn bsSpXv. B[p\nI Cdms XeØm\amb sSlvdms ]Snªmdp `mKv "Xz_cnØm' sÌbvänse Hcp PnÃbmWv Poem. Imkv]nb kap{ZXocmWo {]tZiw ØnXn sN¿pXv. Poem\nse "\n^v'(Niff){KmanemWv ssiJv `qPmX \mbXv. Cdm\n P\n ssiJv Poem\n PohnXn knwl`mKhpw Ignp IqnbXv CdmJns XeØm\amb _KvZmZnembncpp.

lnPvd: 20þ22 hÀj¡mefn lpssZ^p_v\p bam(d)s ssk\ym[n] Xyn t]Àjy cmPyfn \Snb ]Stbmn\nSbnemWv Poem {]hniyIÄ CkvemanI cm{ãn ebnptNÀXv. {]ikvXamb \lmhv (B [p\nI Xlvdm) AkÀss_Pm, kPm, Jkvho apXemb cmPyÄ IogS¡nb tijamWv Poem IogS¡nbXv. ]n¡mev Ipdª Imew apkvenw `cWn \np hnpt]mb Poem {]hniysb {]KÛ\mb kCuZp_v\p Bkzn(d)hmWv Xncnp ]nSnXv.

 

PhÀjw

lnPvd:561 ({InkvXmÐw.1165) emWv ssiJv Poem\n tZlhntbmKaSªXv F Imcyn kÀÆNcn{XImcmcpw tbmPnncn¡pp. PhÀjw lnPvd:470 ({In. 1077) BsWv `qcn] Ncn{XImcmcpw tcJsSppp.

ssiJns kaImenI\mb C_v\p Pukn FgpXnbXp{]Imcw ln. 471 F A`n{]mbamWv IqSpX icnbmbncn¡m km[yXsbv B[p\nI KthjI\mb tUm. AÐp dkmJv Ioem\n A`n{]mbsSpp. CtX hÀjamWv \psS au enZv {KÙfnepw ]cmaÀinpImWpXv. ssiJv Poem\nbpsS PImev apkvenw temIns `cW kmcYyw ""kÂPqJo kpÂXzmmÀ¡mbncpp. {]ikvX\mb ""ap¡vjm'' N{IhÀnbmbncpp As cmPmhv. hn{ipX \mb ""\nfmap aenIv'' a{nbpw.

 

ss]XrIw

A_qkzmenlv aqkm PKotZmkvXv(d) BWv ssiJv(d)s ]nXmhv. PotZmkvXv FXv A\d_n ]ZamWv. Pv Fm bpw. tZmkvXv Fm {]nb. ssiJhÀIfpsS ]nXmhp bp{]nbs\ AÀYw hcp PntZmkvXv F Øm\tcn hnfn¡sSpp (JemCZp PhmlnÀ, t]Pv 3). Fm CXns Øm\v JZIqkv Fv ]e Øefnepw ImWsSpXv t`ZKXnbpw ]niIpamWv. JZIqkv Fsmcp t]cv ssiJv(d)s ]ccbn FhnsSbpw ImWn¡m km [yasÃXv AhnXÀ¡nXamWv. ssiJv(d)s  ]nXm¡mcpsS ]cc \_n(kz)bnte¡v tNcpXv C{]ImcamWv:

1. ]nXmhv k¿nZv A_qkzmenlv aqkm PotZmkvXv 2. k¿nZv A_q AÐpÃmlv, 3. k¿nZv blvbÊmlnZv, 4. k¿nZv aplZv, 5. k¿nZv ZmhqZv, 6. k¿nZv aqk, 7. k¿nZv AÐpÅ, 8. k¿nZv aqk Pu, 9. k¿nZv AÐpÃmln alvfv, 10. k¿nZv lk\p apkm, 11. k¿nZv lk 12.  k¿nZv Aen, 13. k¿nZv ^mXzna (dfn bÃmlp Alpw) 14. aplZv(kz) (JemCZv t]Pv 3). \_n(kz)bpsS s]a¡fpsS a¡Ä¡pw \_n(kz)bnte¡v ]ccInpw. CXv \_n(kz)bpsS {]tXyI BZchmWv (\nlmb 6/177). Cu ImcWw sImmWv ssiJv(d)bpsS amXm]nXm¡fpsS ]cc ^mXzna(d)bnÂIqSn \_n(kz)bnte¡v sNptNcpXv.

ssiJv(d)s amXmhv DpÂssJÀ ^mXzna(d)bmWv. amXmhv hgnbpÅ ]nXm¡mcpsS ]cc lpssk(d)hn IqSn \_n(kz)bn Fntcpp. AXn{]ImcamWv.

AssÈJv A_vZpÂJmZnÀ Poem\n(d)s amXmhv ^mXzna(d), A_vZpÃmlnÊuaC¿v(d), A_qPameno aplZv (d), alvaqZv(d), A_p AXzmD A_vZpÃmlv(d), Iamepo Cukm(d), A_qBemhpo aplZp PhmZv(d), Aen¿pÀcnfzm (d), aqk Imfznw(d) PAv^dp kzmZnJv(d), aplZp _mJznÀ(d), ssk\p B_n Zo(d), A_q A_vZnÃmln lpssk(d), Aen¿p_v\p A_oXzmen_vþ^mXzna(d), aplZv (kz) ( ^pXqlp ssl_v 133, 134).

ssiJv Poem\nbpsS ]nXr]cc \_nXncpta\n¡p ]pdsa almßm¡fmb A_q_¡À kznoJv(d)epw Dadp ^mdqJv(d)epw FntcpXmbn "ssiJv bq\pkv km{amCu' Dcn¡ppv.

ssiJv Poem\nbpsS ]nXmhns amXmhmb Dpkea: FhÀ knoJn(d)s km\]ccbn s]hcmWv. AXpt]mse ssiJv Poem\n(d)bpsS ]nXr ]c cbnse ]Xns\mmw ]nXmhv AÐpÃmln A alvfv(d) FhcqpsS amXmhv l^vk(d) FhÀ alm\qp`mh\mb AÐpÃmln_v\p DaÀ(d)s aIfpas{X.

""_ohn ^mXzna:(d) FhÀ hmÀIynsen Xs Adp]Xmw hbÊnemWv ssiJv Poem\nsb {]khnsXv Nne Ncn{XImcmÀ tcJsSpnbnpv. Xs P\\w Ignªv Ipdª hÀjw am{Xta ]nXmhv PohnncppÅq. ]nXmhv hntbmKaSª tijw A\mY\mb ssiJv Poem\n(d) Xs amXmhnsbpw amXr]nXmhpw ` t{ijvT\pamb k¿nZv AÐpÃmln AÂkuaCu(d) Fhcp sSbpw inWnemWv ssiihLw ]nnXv.

kz]v\neqsSbpw aäpw amXm]nXm¡Ä¡p e`n \nÀti{]Imcw "kÀÆ i s Zmk' FÀYw hcp "AÐp JmZnÀ' FmWv Ipnsb t]À hnfnXv. ]n¡mev Xs hynXz amlmßyw ImcWambn ]e {]iwkm\mafpw ssiJn\p e`n¡pIbpmbn. aX[Às ]p\À Pohnn¡ph FÀYapÅ ""aplvbno'' FXv ssiJn\v ImeLw \ÂInb t]cs{X. ssiJns P tZi nte¡v tNÀndªpsImv ssiJv Poem\n Fpw ]dªphcpp. 

 

km\Ä

AssÈJv A_vZp hlm_v(d), AssÈJv A_vZpÀdkmJv(d), AssÈJv A_vZp Akokv(d), AssÈJv A_vZp PºmÀ(d), AssÈJv A_vZp K^qÀ(d), AssÈ Jv A_vZp K\nÃ(d), AssÈJv kzmenlv(d), AssÈJv aplZv(d), AssÈJv aqkm(d), AssÈJv Cukm(d), AssÈJv C{_mlnw(d), AssÈJv blvbm(d), ^mXzna(d) FnhcmWv ssiJv Poem\nbpsS km\fn AdnbshÀ (^pXqlp ssK_v 125).

 

icoc{]IrXn

AssÈJv aph^v^Jpo\p_v\p JpZmw AÂaJvZkn(d) ]dbpp: ssiJv aplvbn o A_vZp JmZnÀ(d) Xhnp \ndapÅhcpw saenªhcpw anXamb s]m¡apÅhcpw amÀhnSw hnimeambhcpw XmSn hoXnbpÅhcpw [mcmfw XmSntcmaapÅhcpw \à kzcam[pcyapÅhcpambncpp (JemCZp PhmlnÀ, t]Pv: 6).
 

]e AÛpXfpw ImWnp sImmWv ssiJv(d) P\nXv. Xs amXmhv ^mXzna(d) ]dbpp: "Fs aI A_vZpÂJmZnÀ(d) apeIpSn¡p Imev dafzms ]Ien Hcn¡epw apeIpSn¡mdnÃ. HcpsImÃw P\Ä¡v dafzm amkndhn AZriyambn. P\Ä amXmhmb FsbSp¡Â hcnIbpw Ipn Cv apeIpSnnptm Ft\zjn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Ipn Cv Xotc apeIpSnnnsÃp Rm AhtcmSv ]dªp. Ipn ape IpSn¡mXncp {]kvXpX Znhkw dafzm Xsbmbncppshv AhÀ¡v ]noSv t_m[ysp' (JemCZp PhmlnÀ, t]Pv 3).

ssiJv(d) Ipn¡mev Xs hnÚm\ kmZ\n AXoh ]cn{iahpw Xo {hbXv\hpw \Snbncpp. ]T\n\pÅ {]tNmZ\hpw BLnepÅ kXykÔXbpw XpSÀpmb t\hpw AssiJv aplZv_n\p JmCZn Ahm\n(d) hnhcn¡pp. "Fs \mn Rm sNdnb Ipnbmbncns¡  Hcp Ad^m Znhkw `qan DgpXp ImenIsf sXfn¡sh arKw Fnte¡v Xncnªp\npsImv ]dªp. A_vZp JmZnÀ, \nÄ CXn\pthn krjvSn¡sXÃ. DSs\ Rm `bp honte¡v aSn. hoSns taÂXn Rm Ibdn\ntmÄ P\Ä Ad^bn \n¡pXv F\n¡v ImWm Ignªp. Rm Fs amXmhns ASpv sNp ]dªp. Fs \nÄ AÃmlphns amÀKn \o¡pI. _KvZmZnte¡v t]mIm F\n¡v \nÄ kXw XcnI. Rm hnÚm\w kmZn¡pIbpw kÖ\sf kÀin¡pIbpw sN¿s. Cs\ ]pdsSm tXmm\pmb ImcWw FmsWv amXmhv tNmZndnªp Icªp. Fs ]nXmhv RÄ¡v A\cambn amänsh 40 Zo\mÀ Fs ktlmZc\p \o¡nshp. _m¡n 40 Zn\mÀ Hcp ioebn Xpn Fs In\p ASnbnÂshp. bm{XsN¿m A\phmZw XcnIbpw Ftmgpw kXyta ]dbmhq Fp]tZinv Fs bm{Xbb¡pIbpw sNbvXp. _mKvZmZv At\zjnpsImv Hcp sNdnb bm{XmkwLtmsSmw Rm ]pdsp. RÄ laZm F Øew hnpIStmÄ 60 t]cSp Hcp IhÀm kwLw Rsf eyanp. bm{X¡mcmb Rsf ]nSnIqSn BZyw Fs t\sc Bcpw {]XysnÃ. Ahkm\w Fs t\sc AhcnÂs] HcmÄ hp tNmZnp. "AÃtbm ^Jotd, \nfpsS ASp¡Â Fpv' 40 Zo\mÀ. Rm adp]Sn ]dªp. AsXhnsS FhÀ tNmZntmÄ Fs Ins ASn`mKp ImWnpsImSpp. Rm ]cnlkn¡pIbmsWv IcpXn AbmÄ Fs hnp. hopw asämcmÄ hp C{]Imcw ]cntim[\ \Sn. Abmfpw Fs shdpsXhnp. Fs Hgnhm¡nb cpt]cpw AhcpsS Xehs ASp¡Â Fsän hnhcnp. Xeh Fs lmPcm¡n. Rm AhcpsS ASpsnbtmÄ AhÀ bm{XmkwL¡mcn \npw ]nSnsSp kpIÄ Hmlcn sh¡pIbmbncpp. \ns ]¡Â Fpsv tNmZntmÄ 40 Zo\mdpsv Rm adp]Sn ]dªp. Cu hnjakÔnbn t]mepw CXv Xpdp]dbm \nsf t{]cnnsXt Fv AhÀ tNmZnp. Fs amXmhv FtmSv kXyta ]dbmhqshv IcmÀ sNbvXnpv. amXmhns DSSn ewLn¡m Rm k\sÃv AhtcmSv adp]Sn ]dªtmÄ IhÀ kwLeh IcªpsImv ]dbpp. \nÄ amXmhns DSSn ewLn¡m t]mepw Hcp¡aÃ. Rm F{Xtbm hÀjfmbn Fs \mYs DSSn ewLntÃmsb Ipät_m[tmsS AtmÄ ]mÝmXm]n \nÄ RfpsS eoUdmWv. DSs\ apgph\mfpIfpw ]ÝmX]np. AhÀ HmtcmcpcpsS I¿nepÅ sImÅbSn¡s kpIfpw bm{X¡mÀ¡v XncnpsImSpp. Cu kwLamWv Rm aptJ\ ]ÝmXm]w \Snbhcn {]YaÀ Fv aplvbno(d) Hcn¡Â ]dªnpv (JemCZp PhmlnÀ ).

"Ifhv ]dbÃmsbp sNmtmsc, IÅpI¿nse s]mpsImSptmhÀ' F aplvbno amebnse CucSn Cu kw`hs hnfntmXpp. ChnsS IÅ\v, ssiJv(d)s I¿nepÅ s]mpsImSpp FXmWv Ncn{Xsap kqcy{]Imiw t]mse sXfnªncns¡ {]kvXpX CucSn IÅs I¿nse s]mpsImSptmhÀ Fp t`ZKXn sN¿pIbpw IÅmÀ AhcpsS I¿nepÅ sImÅbSn kzÀWw ssiJv(d)\v kw`mh\bmbn sImSppshpw CXv kzoIcn¡Â ssiJn\v `qjWamtWm? Fpw ssiJv(d)sb ]cnlkn¡phsc {in¡pI. XnIpw A]e]\obas{X {]kvXpX t`ZKXn.

 

]T\w

ssiJv(d) {]mYanIambn ]cnip JpÀB\n B[nImcnI ]T\w t\Sn. tijw A_pÂh^m Aen¿p_v\p AJoÂ(d), A_vZp Jzm_v  alv^qfp IÂhYm\n(d), A_pÂlk aplZv_v\p Jmfo A_obAvem aplZv(d), A Jmfzn A_qkCuZv(d) Fnhcn \npw ASnØm\]chpw imJm]chpamb IÀaimkv{X {]mhoWyw t\Sn. A_qkIcn¿ blvb_v\p Aen¿nzn_vcokn¿ (d)hn \npw kmlnXyhpw `mjm]T\hpw IcKXam¡n. ssiJv(d)\v lZokv ]Tnn KpcphcyÀ \nch[nbmWv. A_qKmen_v aplZv _v\p lk\n _mJÃm\n(d), A_qkCuZv aplZp_v\p A_vZp Icow(d), aplZp_v\p aplZv(d), A_q_IvÀ AlZp_v\p apf^v^À(d), A_qPAv^À_v\p AlvaZv(d), A_p  Jmknw Aen¿p_v\p AlvaZv(d), A_vZp JmZnÀ_v\p aplZv(d), A_vZpdlv am _v\p AlvaZv(d) A_p _dImXv ln_pÃmlv FnhcmWhcn {itbÀ. ssiJv(d) A_pÂssJÀ AlZp_v\p apkvenw(d)ambn klhkn¡pIbpw Ahcn \npw XzcoJXns Adnhv IcØam¡pbpw AXneqsS ]ptcmKXnbnte¡v IpXn¡pIbpw sNbvXp (JemCZp PhmlnÀ, t]Pv 4).

k\Zv

ssiJv(d)s k\Zv Xmsg ]dbp almmcneqsS \_n(kz)bnte¡v sNptNcpp. AssÈJv aplZv A_vZp JmZnÀ(d) A Jmfzo A_qkCuZn ap_mdIp apJÀdnanÃ(d) AssÈJv A_p lk Aen¿n_v\p aplZn Jpdin¿v  (d), A_pÂ^dPv AXzdkqkn(d), A_p ^fv A_vZp hmlnZnaoan(d), AssÈJv A_q_vIpcnÈn_ven(d) AssÈJv A_p Jmknap Ppss\Zv(d), kcn¿pÊJvXzn(d), aAvdq^p IÀJn(d), ZmhqZpzmC(d), l_o_p APco(d), lk\p _kzcn(d), Aen¿p_v\p A_qXzmen_v(d), aplZv \_n(kz) (JemCZp PhmlnÀ, t]Pv 4).

 

_KvZmZnte¡v

ln:488 Av ssiJv AÐp JmZndn(d)\v ]Xns\v hbÊv {]mbw. A`uanIamb Hcp t{]cWbm Xm kXymt\zjW bm{X Bcw`n¡pIbmWv. A¡mev apkvenw temI XeØm\ \KcnbmWv _KvZmZv. kq^nIfpw NnIcpw ]WvVnX N{IhÀnamcpsaÃmw \ndªp\n¡p _KvZmZn BÀ¡pw BhiyambsX Ãmw e`n¡p ImeLambncpp.

ssiJv Poem\n(d) ln:488 Xs ]Xns\mw hbÊn _KvZmZnseptmÄ almßm¡fmb ]e ]pWyhmfmcpw _KvZmZns\ Aecnncpp. B hÀjn emWv _KvZmZns hnf¡mbn {]tim`nncp ]WvVnX {]apJ A_p ^fv AÐp hmlnZv A Xaoan (d) h^mXmbXv. AtX hÀjn XsbmWv hnizhnJymX\mb alm {]Xn`mimen lpPPp Ckvemw A_q lmanZp KÊmen(d) _KvZmZnse s]mXp PohnXcwKp \npamdn B[ymß Po hnXns clky Xmhfnte¡v hgnamdnbXv. `cWIqSm \SsSp _KvZmZnse {]ikvXamb ""\nkmanbm kÀÆIemime''bpsS t]cps]ä ta[mhnbmbncp Camw KÊmen(d) {]ikvXnbpsS sImSpapSnbn \np sXn amdn kzImcyXbpsS DÅdIfnte¡v Xm¡menIambn amdpIbmbncpp. Xs ]Zhnbn ktlmZc Camw AlvaZp KÊmensb Ahtcm[npsImmbncpp B amäw \SXv.

ssiJv(d) _mKvZmZn {]thinp Xs ImeLnepÅ {]KÛcmb {]] XymKnIsf kao]np. Xs DkvXmZpw Xs C{Xhenb Øm\t¡v ssI]nSnpbÀnb ssiJpw D]tZiI\pamb AÂJmfzo A_qkCuZp ap_mdIp apJÀdnan(d)bpsS almb hnÚm\tI{w injy\mb Poem\n(d)¡v hnpsImSp¡pIbpw A_vZpÂJmZnÀ(d) AXv GsäSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. B hnÚm\tI{n P\Ä¡p Adnhp ]IÀpw kmtcm]tZiw \ÂInbpw ssiJv(d) PohnXw \bnp. AhnsSshv ssiJv(d)\v IdmapIÄ \nch[n shfnhmbn. A[nIw XmaknbmsX FÃm kabpw ssiJv(d)s hnÚm\kZÊv sImv B tI{w P\\n_nVambn. P\fpsS Xnc¡v \nb{n¡m km[n¡mXmhpIbpw ssiJv(d) ]pdt¡ndn \mSns AXnÀnbnte¡v \on {]kwKn¡m XpSpIbpw sNbvXp. ]W¡mcpsS kmnI klmbhpw ]mhfpsS {]hÀ\aXbpw sImv {]kvXpX tI{w P\Ä¡v ]cym]vXamch¡ hn[n hnimeam¡sp. lnPvd 528 hn]peoIcWw ]qÀnbmbn. A[ym]\w, ^Xvhm sImSp¡Â, D]tZiw, KthjW \ncoW]T\w, ]mc{XnI PohnXn \pthp aäp {]hÀ\fpambn apgpIn B Øm]\n ssiJv(d) PohnXw \bnp. temIns ap¡nepw aqebn \npw P\Ä kÀi\n\pw t\À Ifpambpw hcm XpSn. Deam¡fpw kzmenlofpw AhnsS Xnn\ndªp. AhscÃmw ssiJv(d) \npw hnÚm\w \pIÀp. lZokpIfpw D]tZifpw a\Ênem¡n CdmJnepÅ apcoZpamcpsS ]cn]me\w apgph\pw \Sn temIP\XbpsS {]iwk ]nSnp]än. AäanÃm injyKWÄ ]WvVnXmcmbn AhnsS\npw ]pdndmdpmbncpp. AssÈJv A_q Awdv Dkvam\p_v\p aÀkqJv(d) F{]ikvX ]WvVnX\pw injymcn s]Spp (JemCZp PhmlnÀ, t]Pv 3, 5).

ssiJv(d) kÀhmwKoIrX\mbncpp. _KvZmZnse _lp`qcn`mKw ]m]nIfpw ssiJv(d) aptJ\ ]ÝmX]np kÖ\fmbnoÀp. PqX ss{IkvXh hn`mK¡mcn \npw KWyamb hn`mKw ssiJv(d)s alXzn Iogn Ckvemw BtÇjnp. tÌPn Ibdn kXyw Xpdp ]dbpIbpw Xnsb inbpw FXnÀ¡pIbpw sN¿Â ssiJv(d)s ]Xnhmbncpp. A{IanIfmb DtZymKØmsc \ntbmKn¡m ssiJv(d) `cWm[n]msc Hcp \ne¡pw A\phZnncpnà (JemCep PhmlnÀ, t]Pv 6).

AssÈJv AlvaZp I_odp cn^mCu(d) ]dbpp: "AssÈJv aplvbno(d)bpsS _lpaXnIÄ BÀ¡v ]dªpXoÀ¡m Ignbpw. AssÈJv Poem\n(d)bpsS Øm\snbhÀ Cmcpv. icoApw lJoJpw X\Xmb coXnbn DÄs¡m alm\mWv aplvbno ssiJv(d). Cu Imev Atln\v Xpeyambn aämcpanÃ' (Xz_JmXp HuenbmAv, 100).

aplvbno A_vZpÂJmZnÀ(d) AÃmlphns\än Atbäw Adnªh\pw temIhym]mc fpt]np AÃmlphns [ym\n apgpIn Pohn¡phcpw leo aZvl_v kzoKcnhcpamWv (lZn¿Xp Acn^o, 1/596).

\à PohnX amÀKw ImgvNshhcpw au\w ]Xnhm¡nbhcpw \ IÂn¡pI, Xn hntcm[n¡pIsbXv \Snem¡nbhcpw icnbmb {]]XymKnbpamWv AssÈJv A_vZpÂJmZnÀ Poem\n(d). ssiJv(d) GsäSpp \Snb aXØm]\n shpÅ kwkmchpw D]tZi \nÀtifpw kaqln\v thpthmfw D]Icnnpv. KpWIcamb PohnXØnXnKXnIfpw Bßt_m[\hpw ssiJv(d)¡pmbncpp. kqvaimenbpw alÂhynbpw ssiJmcpsS t\Xm¡fn s]hcpamWv AssÈJv aplvbno(d) (AÂ_nZmbXp hnlmb 12/252). ]nimNv X{neqsS ssiJv(d) AhÀIsf ]e{]mhiyhpw ]ngn¡m {ianncpp. ]t, icnbpw sXäpw Idnª, AKm[ hnÚm\ kmKcamb ssiJv (d) \npw FÃmbvtmgpw ]nimNv ]cmPbsp ]nncntªmtSn hp.  

END

         

 

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