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Ckvemapw bphpw

"PnlmZv' Fm      l_v, JnXm
 Ckveman bpansö      kam[m\n\v

hnip Ckvemanse bp Ncn{Xhpw \nbafpw cv hn`mKw BfpI hyXykvX eyġmbn Zpcp]tbmKw sNppv. kam[m\ns aXamb hnip Ckvemans\bpw AXns {]NmcIcmb aplZv \_n(kz) Xsfbpw bphpambn _sSpn hncp {]NmcWw \SnsmncnphcmWv Hcp hn`mKw. AXnXovWhpw Xnhpamb ]mefpsS ASnm\n A\nhmcyamb [akacn\p Ckvemans \ntZisfbpw ]mTsfbpw tIhehpw kzhpamb Xm]cy kwcWn\mbn Zpcp]tbmKnphcmWv asmcp hn`mKw.

Hmas hn`mKw a\xkmnv \ncm {IqcXIġv ImcWamhp \ntZifpw \S]SnIfpw coXnimkv{Xamnb Ckvemw {Iqchpw a\pjyXzclnXhpamsWv m]nv a\pjy kvt\lns t]cn Ckvemw {Iqc`oIc aXamsWv m]nsSpm {ianpp.

cmas hn`mKw ham\Ime kmaqly Imepjysfbpw hnlzeXIsfbpw s]cpnv {]Ncnnv kapZmb kvt\lnsbpw kpcbpsSbpw t]cn kmbp[ \on\pw kam[m\ `wKn\pw ImcWmcmbnocpp.

cpw Ckvemans\ kw_nnStmfw {]NmcW {]t_m[\ {]Xnkn Xoppv. Ckvemansbpw kapZmbnsbpw t]cn kac thZmahXcnnp cmas hn`mKns {]h\fmWv henb {]XnknbmbnocpXv.

ImcWw, Hmas hn`mKns {]NmcWġv sXfnhpw kmlNcyhpw A\pIqeamn XopIbmWnq. kam[m\ns aXamsWv m]npIbpw {]NcnnpIbpw AXns ASnm\n kaqln\v t\XrXzw \IpIbpw sNp Zo\o {]hI CXn\m sXncnsSpIbmWv.

Ckveman\v ]pdp \np A]hmZ {]NmcWhpw sXnmcW hfepw Ncn{Xnse Nne L ZphymJym\npw I]nXambhXcnnpamWv \SpXv. Fm kaImeo\ambnp Nne kw`h hnImkfpsS ]nnep apkvenw \ma[mcnIfpsS kmn[yw Ckvemw hncpXv AXn{]NmcW tijn \Inbnpv.

Ccsamcp kmlNcyn CkvemanI kaqlns ]pjvIeamb Imes Ncn{X kw`hfpsS ]mehpw kmlNcy]camb A\nhmcyXbpw a\nemstSXmWv. PnlmZv F Bibw AXns kpw ssNX\yhpw tNmcmsX AhXcnntX\nhmcyambn hncnbmWv.

hn]peamb ]T\ns km[yXbpw BhiyIXbpw \ne\n¡psnepw A\nhmcyambXpw AXymhiyambdntbXpamb A]w Nne bmYmYy ChnsS kqNnnpIbmWv.

"PnlmZv' Fm

PnlmZv F ]Zns AYw ITn\amb ]cn{iaw Fs{X. AXns hnimeamb AYXew bpsbpw Dsmppv. B \nebn bpw F AYnepw PnlmZv D]tbmKnmdpv.

bYmYn PnlmZv FXv {]IrXn]camb Hc\nhmcyXbmWv. Ckvemsatm apkvensatm, {]m\ hyn tI{oIrXambmsX Xs CXp]tbmKnp hcppv. "ant\mSv aSnp, {]IrXntbmSv ]Sshn' XpSnb aebmf ssienI \apv ]cnNnXamWv. ITn\amb {]XnIqeXIsf Xo{hamb {ianeqsS AXnPbnm\p {iaw, ITn\m[zm\w sNpI XpSnbhsbmsbmWv PnlmZv AYampXv. AXv Fmhcpw AwKoIcnpXpamWv.

PnlmZv F ]Zhpw Bt]nIambmWv AXns AY I]\sb {]IminnpXv. DZmamb Hcp eykmmXvImcn\v thntbm IWniamsbmcp PohnX hnipnv thntbm [a \nhlWn\v thntbm kpcm]qWamb PohnX kpnXnv thntbm \Sp ]cn{iasfms PnlmZmWv. A{Iahpw A\oXnbpw AcpXmbvabpw A]IzXbpw Hcnepw AXv Xm]cysSpn.

Ckvemw BhiysSp PnlmZns A\nhmcyX a\nempIbpw DsmpIbpw sNtXv CkvemanI ]cnt{]ynemWv. "PnlmZv' F ]Zw "PplvZv' F [mXphn \nmWv DmhpXv. "PnlmZv' FXns Hcp hIt`ZamWv "apPmlZXv'. cpw Htc AYw Xs {]IminnpXmWv Fs{X ]tZm]n imkv{Xns tXw. Fm "apPmlZXv' F ]Zw sXncnnsnn Xm\pw. hnip JpB\nepw Xncpkpnepw Cu ]Zw AXns hnhn[mYfnembn D]tbmKnXv ImWmw.

"Bscnepw ITn\ ]cn{iaw \SpXmbm Ah Ah\pthn XsbmWv ]cn{ianpXv. \nbw Amlp kh temIcn \npw sFizcyhm\mWv' (Bibw: A AI_qv: 6).

Camw \kz^n(d) Cu Bbns hniZoIcWn ]dbpp:"Hcm Xs icoctmSv Amlphns\ hgnsSpXns t]cnepw ]nimNnt\mSv Ahs Zpt_m[\sXncnepw t]mcmSnbm' (X^vko aZmcnIv 3/250).

lk _kzcn(d) ]dbpp: "\nbw a\pjy t]mcmw \Spp. ]t, Hcp Imepw Abm hm {]tbmKw \SnbnnXm\pw' (X^vko C_v\p Iko 3/532).CXv t\cs kqNnn Bbns hymJym\n C_v\pIko(d) Dcnnpv.

"C\n Ah cpt]cpw \n\dnbm hXns\bpw Fssmv ]v tNm t{]cnnm \o Ahv hgnsScpXv' (Bibw: A AI_qv: 8).

"Ah cpt]cpw inns hnjbn \ns t{]cnnm \o Ahsc hgnstSXn' (X^vko aZmcnIv 3/251).

"\psS amKn ]cn{ianph, \nbw Ahsc \mw \psS hgnIfntev amKZi\w sNpw' (Bibw: A AI_qv: 61).

hnip JpB\nse kqdp AI_qn \nmWv Cu aqv kqfpw DcnncnpXv. bpn\v A\paXn e`nXv Xs lnPvdp tijamWv. AI_qv A[ymbw lnPvdv apv AhXcnXmWv. AXn\m CXn PnlmZv F ]Z {]Xyambn {]Xn^ennpXv kmbp[ kacsb FXv hyamWv. lk _kzcn (d)bpsS hniZoIcWw t]mse hm {]tbmKw hcm bpamWsXv Npcpw.

cmas kqns AhXcW ]mew IqSn tNv hmbnptm HpIqSn Bibw {KmlyamhpXmWv. alm\mb kzlm_o {]apJ kAvZp_v\p A_ohJvJmkv (d) kXyaXw hnizkntm amXmhv AXns\Xnsc {]Xntj[np. kAvZv Ckvemapt]npXphsc, Asæn Ah acnpXphsc A]m\mZnI hPnm\mbn Xocpam\saSpp. kAvZv(d) \_n(kz) XtfmSv Cu hnjbs Ipdnv ]dp. B k`nemWv Cu Bbns AhXcWapmbXv (Akv_m_ppkq 65). CXnse \nbaw s]mXpsh _m[IamWv. ]t, kAvZns DbpsS PnlmZv Hcp Xcnepap Bbp[ {]tbmKambncpntm.

PnlmZv FXv A\nhmcyamb Hcp \ne]mSns\tbm AXnbmb Hcm{Klstbm {]Xn^ennpp Fv CXn \npw a\nemmhpXmWv.

\_n(kz) Cu AYn PnlmZv F ]Zw {]tbmKnnpv. Ckvemanse kwkvIcW imkv{X imJbn "apPmlZ' F ]ZamWv CXn\v ]Icw IqSpXembn D]tbmKnnpXv.

Hcp bpn \npw Xncnphcptm \_n(kz) kzlm_nItfmSv ]dp:"\mw \ \nebn aptmp t]mhpp. sNdnb PnlmZn \npw henb PnlmZntev aptdpp. AYhm Hcp ASna kzw COItfmSv \Sp kacntev' (Ikp Dm: 11260).

asmcp lZokn apPmlnZv (t]mcmfn) BcmsWv hyampp."Amlphns hgnbn kzw icoctmSv t]mcmSph\mWv bYmY t]mcmfn' (Ikp Dm: 11261).

hnip JpB\nse Hcp I]\ Cs\ hnpv."\ntj[nIfpsS \ntZin\v Av hgnsScpXv. hnip JpB sImv AhtcmSv \ "PnlmZv' \SpI' (Bibw: A ^pJm: 52).

"AhtcmSv Av hnip JpB sImv kwhZnpI. Fm hn[neap kacfpw sImv Ahn{iaw \nccw ]cn{iaw \SpI' FXmWv Cu BbneqsS JpB \ntZisav JpB hymJymXm hyamnbnpv. ]qh {]hmNImcn \npw hyXykvXamb khP\o\sa Ah \_n(kz) XfpsS ZuXyn\psXn\m \ncchpw hn{iaclnXhpw XymK]qWhpamb ]cn{iaw \_n(kz)bn \npw {]t_m[\ hgnbn DmhWsamWv CXmhiysSpXv. kmbp[ PnlmZ CXpsImptiysav Bbnse "JpB' Dtinp "ln' F kh\maw hyamncpp.

l_v, JnXm

l_v, JnXm Fo cv ]Zfpw bpsbmWv hnhnpXv. PnlmZns hnimeamb Bbn \nv hfsc sNdnsbmcp `mKw am{XamWv CXv {]Xn\n[m\npXv. ap ]e ]Zfpw bpn\v ]cymbambn D]tbmKnmdpv. kwL\fpw t]m cmfpw sImv PohnXw Iepjamngnncp Ad_nIfpsS cWhocyiucyw Xpfpp IhnXIfn Cu ]cymb]Z [mcmfambn D]tbmKnXv ImWmw.

Ckveman bpan F Cu ]cmain\Yw. PnlmZv F ]Zw hyXykvXamb AYI]\ \IsSp Hcp ]ZamWv. AXn\m AXv ImWpItbm tIġpItbm sNp am{Xbn `oXnsSpItbm sXncnpItbm sNtXn.

CkvemanI Ncn{Xnepw ]mTfnepw ]cmainsnp bpġv AXntXmb ]mefpmbncpp Fv ImWmw. Bscsbnepw {]Xnm\v \nn AhsXnsc \ioIcW {]h\w \SpI F \nembncpn CkvemanI bp. A\nhmcyamb Hcp Ln am{Xw A\paXn \IsSpIbmbncpp. bpm\paXn \Is k`hpw AXns ImcWfpw a\nemtXpv.

\_n(kz) AhnSps ZuXy\nhlWw Bcw`ntm am\nhmknIfmb AhnizmknI \_n(kz) Xġpw kXyhnizmknIġpsaXnsc {Iqchpw arKobhpamb ]oU\apdI \SpIbpmbn. am\knIambpw imcocnIambpw Ahc\p`hntn h AXn{Ia Ncn{Xw hnhcnXmWv. kXyhnizmkw kzoIcnp FXnep]cn Hcp sXpw Ahcmcpw sNbvXncpn.

XfpsS amXmfpsS {]mbap alnfIsf t]mepw a\pjyXzw achnh ISp ]o U\ġv hnt[bcmn. knod(d) F alXnbpsS Iv \jvSsp. Jm_v(d)s apXpIn Npp]gpn Ccpv shv s]mnp. _nem(d)s\ Dshbnen Npp]gp aWen aen InSn s\n Ip Ibnshp. A_q_(d)s\ anhi\mn. Anbnenv {Iqcambn ]oUnns bmkn(d)s IpSpw_n \npw kpa(d) ckmnbmbn. ]t, CsXmpw Ahsc kXyhnizmkn \npw ]nncnnm\p]Icnn FXmWv Ncn{Xw.

\_n(kz) Fmw anm\pw sscyambncnm\pap]tZinp. A_vZpdlvam\p_v\p Hu^v(d), kAvZp_v\p A_ohJvJmkvz(d) XpSnb kzlm_nhcy {]Xntcm[nm\mbn A\paXn tXSnbtmgpw \_n(kz) X AhtcmSv anm Xs D]tZinpIbmbncpp.

kXy{]m\amWv XfptSsXpw {]] \mYs ZmkmcmWv Xsfpap bmYmYy t_m[s adbmn [mjvSyw ImWnm Ahcmcpw apXncpIbmbncpn. hnip JpB\pw Ncn{Xhpw CXv hyamppv.

Amlp ]dbpp:"\nfpsS Ic \n \nb{npIbpw \nkvImcw \ne\npIbpw kImv \IpIbpw sNpI Fv ]dbs Hcp hn`mKs Atdnbnt?' (Bibw: AnkmAv: 77).

bpm\paXnbpw \ntZihpw Dmb tijw AXn \npw ]nmdnbhcpsS \ne]mSns\ hnainp `mKmWo ]cmaiapXv. acWn \nv csSpXn\v bpn kw_nmXncn D]IcnpIbn FmWnXneqsS AdnbnpXv.

{]t_m[\ns BZyImev hnizmknI bpm\paXn \Im\mhiystm Amlphns \ntZim\pkcWw \_n(kz) X AXns\ \ncpmlsSppIbpw BNmcm\pjvTm\fpw hyn _m[yXIfpw ]qnbmn Pohnm\p]tZinpIbpw sNpIbmbncpp. CXntev kqN\ \Ip `mKamWv Dcns kq`mKw.

"\_n(kz) XfpsS Imev lnPvdv apv bpw hntcm[nsXmbncpp. ImcWw Ap \_n(kz) XtfmSv \ntZinsXv {]t_m[\hpw XmoXv \Iepw AhnizmknIfpsS ]oU\n a Ahew_nm\pambncpp' (Xplv^ 9/212).

\_n(kz) Xsf kao]nv bpm\paXn tXSnbh ]dp: "Amlphns {]hmNIsc, R apivcnpIfmbncns henb(_mly) {]Xm]nIfmbncpp. As\ R hnizkntm R \nnXcmbnoncnpIbmWv?' Atm \_n(kz) X AhtcmSv ]dp: "\nbw FtmSv amv \Im\mWp \ntZinsncnpXv. AXn\m \n B P\XtbmSv bpw sNcpXv' (X^vko C_v\pIko 1/687).

Cu k`n AhcpsS nXnsbpdnv C_v\p Iko FgpXpp."Ah ]o U\fn InsbcnbpIbmbncpp. AhcpsS i{Xpfn \npw imX e`nm\mbn bpn\v \ntZinsncpsn Fhcm{KlnpIbpw sNbvXncpp' (X^vko C_v\pIko 1/686).

Azq 48, ApJvdp^v 89, AlnPv 85, APmknb 14, AapAvan\q 96 XpSnb kqfneqsS [mcmfw \ntZifpw D]tZifpw am ImeLnepmbnpv. AhnizmknItfmSv kao]nt coXnbpw kzbw kzoIcnt \ne]mSpIfpw ]TnnphbmWsXmw. Camw C_v\plP(d) (Xplv^ `mKw 9 t]Pv 212) Fgp]Xne[nIw kqfn bpw \ncpmlsSppItbm \ntcm[npItbm sNbvXncpp Fv hyamnbnpv. X^vko dmkn 23/35, dqlp aB\n 9/154, aZmcnIv 3/103 XpSn [mcmfw JpB hymJymXmfpw ap Ncn{XImcmcpw CXv hyamnbnpv.

Cu \ncpmlsSp hnizmknIfmb BfpI \nmchIcnsSpXnstbm AhKWnsSpXnstbm `mKambncpn. adnv Amlp Xs Ahsc klmbnpIbpw i{Xpfn \npw kwcnpIbpw sNpsatsSppsImm Ws\ sNbvXnpXv. A{Iafpw ]oU\fpw XpSnpw kXyhgnbn \npw ]n ncnbmsX sscyambncnpXn\pw XymKn\v ]mIsSpXn\pw Amlphns klmbapmhpXmsWYw. Hcp kXyhnizmknsb kw_nnStmfw Ahs Fmnt\mfpw Xs BZins kZv^ew \jvSsSmXncnemWv {][m\w. AXn\m Xs Hcp BZi \ncmkns IY BZyIme apkvenwIfn Dcnsnpv. hnizmk kwcWmYw GXv XymKn\pah Hcpambncpp FXn\v Ncn{Xw kmnbmWv.

Aklyamb A{Ia ]oU\ XpStm l_vibntev Hpw cpw ]emb\ \Sp. As\ GXm\pw hnizmknI hntZiv t]mbngnncpp. AhnsSbpw sskzcw sImSpmsX {]mtZinI cmPmhns\(\minsb) kzm[o\nm AhnizmknIfmb am {ianp. ]t, cmPmhv Xs A`bw XpSpsImv am\yX ImWnp.

\p_phns ]Xnaqmw hjw abn \npw aZo\bntev ]emb\w sNm\\paXnbpw \ntZihpapmbn. BZyamZyw kzlm_nhcymcpw ]noSv \_n(kz) Xfpw aZo\bnsen. aZo\bn Hcp ASap kmaqly cwKw XopXn\mbn Icmdnembn. AhnsSbpw kzambn Ignbm\\phZnm hn[n AhnizmknI hncp {]h\ Bcw`np. kzw P\mSpt]nm t]mepw hn[nshsXnsc hopw AXn{Iaw XpStm AXns\ {]Xntcm[nm\mbn bpw sNphsXnsc bpw sNm\mWv A\paXnbpmbXv.

lnPvdbpsS Ahkcn Hcp hn`mKw kzlm_nhcymsc hgnat[y B{IanhsXnsc {]Xntcm[nm\mbn A\paXn \InbXneqsSbmWv bpm\paXnbpsS XpSsa ]apsnepw lnPvd cmw hjnemWv A\paXnbpmbsXXn\mWv IqSpX {]m apJyw. JpB ]dbpp:

"bpw sNsSphv Ah anshcmsWXn\m bpm\paXn \Isncnpp. \nbw Amlp Ahsc klmbnm aXnbmb i\mWv. AmlphmWv RfpsS \mY Fv ]dbpp FXmsX asmcphn[ ImcWhpanmsX hoSpIfn \npw (\mn \npw) ]pdmshcmWh. Amlp Nnesc Ahcn Nnescsmv Xs {]Xntcm[nncpnsæn Amlphns \maw IqSpXembn kvacnsSp ]nIfpw {]mY\mebfpw aTfpw NpIfpw XIsSpambncpp. \nbw Amlphns\ (Zo\ns\) klmbnphsc Ah klmbnpI Xs sNpw. \nbw Amlp i\pw {]Xm]hm\pamWv. `qanbn \mahv kuIcysSpn sImSpm \nkvImcw \ne\npIbpw kImv \IpIbpw \ I]npIbpw Xn hntcm[npIbpw sNphcpamWh. Amlphn\mWv ImcyfpsS Fmw Ana hn[nhImiw' (Bibw: Alv: 3941).

AhnizmknIfpsS ]oU\n \npw ctXSn kzw \mSmb abn \npw ]emb\w \Snbh AhnsSbpw B{IansSpIbpmbn. {]Xntcm[n\v {]Xyamb Hcp D]m[n Xs cq]sSWsaXv kmaqlnI kpe\n\\nhmcyambn hp. Ah klmbnsp hnPbnIfmhpI FXv, {]]n a\pjy[aw bYmhn[n \nhlnphcpsS sskzc kmn[yapmpXn\v Bhiyambn hcnIbpw sNbvXp FsXmsbmWv bp ImcWfmbn Cu kq hyampXv.

BZyIme apkvenwIfpsS anXmh Ncn{Xw hfsc hyambn ]cmainnpXmWv. AXpt]mse Xs hyXykvX aX]ptcmlnXmcpw Bcm[\mebfpw hnhn[ `mKfnepmbncpp. aXhnizmknIsf kw_nnStmfw XfpsS aX[ym\ tI{sf \nebn sshImcnI _aphbmWv Ahsbmw. Ah XIsSpXv kmaqlnI cwKv IqSpX Imepjyfpmpw. AXn\m Xs AhbpsS kwcIcpw AXnse ta[mhnIfpw \ne\n¡pI FXv AhbpsS \ne\n]n\pw kwcWn\pw BhiyamsWv hcpp. CXp]t, Atd_ybnse kaIme kmlNcyn A]w A]ISmhbnembnoncnpIbmbncpp. AXn\m Xs Atd_y AhnizmknIfpsS amSncw Xop A\Yġv HcpXcw tjmv NnInbmbncpp bYmYn Av bpw. Cu A\nhmcyambn h kacn t\Sp hnPbamhs A\Yġpw AcmNIXzn\pw Ayw IpdnpIbmbncnpw. kKpW ]cnioe\w t\SnbhcpsS DZmhpw kpXmcyhpamb CkvemanI PohnXambncnpw ]noSv AhnsS ]pecpI.

Hcp kXyhnizmknsb kw_nnStmfw X\nv Xs \mY\n \nv e`yamb klmb kuIcy kzmYhpw kpNnXhpambn NqjWw sNpXn\v ]Icw AXns KpW^e A]cp IqSn e`yamph\mbncnpw. ImcWw Ah t\cs kqNnn CkvemanI [manI hyhbpsS Nqn Pohnph\mbncnpw. As\ hm kacapJv ]cmPbstSn h i{Xphn\p t]mepw am\pjnIamb ]cnKW\ e`np nXnbpmbnocpw. As\ bpns Anaamb Ah kam[m\nsbpw klnjvWpXbpsSbpw ]pebpw A{Ians Ayhpambncnpw.

kpnXn t\Snb Hcp kmaqlnI kwhn[m\n apkvenw [aw Fs\bmWv {]ISnnsSpI Fv a\nemm \_n(kz) X aZo\bnsenb DSs\ Dmnb Icm \nconm aXn. AhnsSbpmbncp PqXmcpambn kam[m\ Icm XmdmpIbpw s]cpam䨫w {]Jym]nwKoIcnpIbpw sNbvXncpp. AXn BcpsSbpw hnizmk kzmX{ys ASnap \ntZifpmbncpn. CkvemanI Jnem^ns \mbImcnsemw CXns XpSbmWv ImWm IgnbpI. aXtam, hnizmktam, Bcm[\mebtam Hcnepw AklnjvWpXtbmsS honsncpn. Hpw XIsncppan.

hn{ipXamb Cu Ncn{X bmYmYy hnkvacnpsImv CkvemanIamb PnlmZns\ tIheh¡cnpItbm ZphymJym\npItbm sNpXv henb A]cm[amWv. Xm]cyġv \ne\n]v t\Sm thnb {]amWsfbpw \nbasfbpw ]ctXXv. {]amWfpsS ASnm\nemWv PohnX bmYmYysf kao]ntXv. bpm\paXnbpw AXns\ XpSp t{]mml\hpw \ntZihpsamw hfsc hyamb ]mehpambn _apXmWv.

Ckveman bpansö

Ckvemsam Hcp bpclnX Zi\amsWv a\nemsSpXn\ Cu hniZoIcWw. adnv Hcp Poh {]m\ns Nqn Ignbp apkvenw kaqls kw_nnStmfw A\nhmcyamb Ln bpw \nbahnt[bw XsbmWv. ]t, AXn\v ASnm\]camb [mcmfw \n_\IfpsS ]npW A\nhmcyamWv. AYhm IWniamb \nba hyhIġv hnt[bamb bpm\paXn Ckvemanepv. CkvemanI cmjv{Seht\m {]Xn\n[ntbm {]Jym]npItbm Alcmbhsc NpaXesSppItbm sNpI FXv BZyambn thXmWv.

CkvemanI \nbaimkv{X {K٧fn PnlmZpw A\p_ Imcyfpw hniZambn hnhcnppv. Hcp kqW Zi\ns A\nhmcyXbmWXv. ]t, {]mtbmKnI Xen AXv \SmpXn\v AXns tNcphIfpw kmlNcyfpw HnWnbncnWw. PnlmZv am{Xa Jnkzmkzv ({]Xn{Inb) lpZqZv (\nnX inI) XBko (kpXzm Xocpam\np inI) Fnhbpw Ckvemanepv. Fmnsbpw BXynI eyw kqWamb kam[m\amWv. Hmtcmpw Cg]ncnv ]cntim[nm CXv IqSpX hyamhpXmWv.

kam[m\n\v

A\nhmcyambnocp bp kam[m\nsbpw imnbpsSbpw kmlNcyntev \bnpwhn[nembncnWw. GsXnepw Hcp hn`mKamfpI asmcp hn`mKm ]oUnnsSpItbm `oXnsSpItbm sNp kmlNcyw Cmbva sNsSWw. AXneqsS am{Xta kzmyapmbnocq. A{Ianv kzbw ]m IsSpXn\v kmlNcy]camb kapmbnocWw. Atm Ipghpw Ielhpw CmXmhpXpw {kjvSmhns hn[nhnepIġv hnt[bsSp hyhm]nX kwhn[m\w DmbnocpXpamWv. As\ \nehn hcp Hcp PohnX {Ian Fmcw ]ucmpw sskzcambpw kzX{ambpw Fm A]c\v ieyamImsXbpw Pohnm Ignbpw. ImcWw Ckveman\v AXntXmb [manI hyhbpv. a\pjy _sSp kIeXnt\mSpw \oXnbpw hnWsaXmWXns ImX. B hyhbpsS ]pev thnbmWv bpw. a\pjysbpw {]IrXnbpsSbpw {]]nsbpw kpnXnv thnbmWv bpsaYw.

"aXw (F \nebn DXv) apgph\mbpw Amlphn\v s]mcpapXmbnocpIbpw Ipgw Dmhm nXn hcnIbpw sNpXvhtcpw AhtcmSv (\ntfmSv bpw sNph) \n bpw sNpI. C\n Ah kzbw hncanppshn (]ns) A{IanIsXncnemsX {]Xym{IaWw ]mSn' (Bibw: A _Jd: 193).

bpw sImv Ipgns\mcpnbh AXn \npw hncanpXv hsc {]Xym{IaWw A\nhmcyambnocpIbmWv. AXv Ipgw Ahkm\nv InpXn\pw, kam[m\]qWamb kmlNcykrjvSnv ImcWamhp Ckvemans AwKoImcn\pw thnbmWv. C\nsbmcnepw Akam[m\n\v kmlNcysamcpmXncnm\mWv ]qWambpw aXw ]p ecpI Fv ]dXv. `mKnIamb ]pe kqW ^eZmbIambncnn. As\ CkvemanI hyh \nehn hm AhnsS kmaqly cwKw kam[m\]qWamhm\p \ntZifmWv \SmhpI. CkvemanI kaqln\v hnPbw ssIh k`fn AXv {]ISambXpamWv.

\tS kqNnn bpm\paXnbpsS kqn kmaqly{Ianse kam[m\ kpe\ġv thn {]] \mY Xs a\pjycn NnecpsS \ne]mSpI D]m[nbmnbnpsv hyamnbnpv. AXns tXhpw kam[m\hpw kpnXnbpw m]nXamh XsbmWv. bphpambn _s \ntZitfmsSmw AXn{Ia]camb kao]\w DmhmXncnm BhiysSptXm, KpW]cambn s]cpamdm \ntZinptXm Bb A\p_ \ntZit{]mml\ ImWmw. Hcp kwL\apJs kzm`mhnIXI CkvemanIamb \ntZim\pkcWw \Sp bp cwKnepmhm ]mSnsömWXmhiysSpXv.

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