atäXp cwKhpw t

dafm (^Xmhm)

 

]nimNn\p Ne

t\mns ØncoIcWw

kz]v\neqsS  dafzm

Pbnen shv t\mv

IW¡pw tPymXnimkv{Xhpw

Ass\Iyhpw A`n{]mb`nXbpw

ZpÀhymJym\w

dafzm amkneÃm t\mv

tlmÂ, IqÄ_mÀ

sshcpyw

apÀXv hopw Ckvemante¡v hmÂ

Hne[nIw {]mhiyw sseep JZv
`Àmhv `Ww ]mIw sN¿m ]dªmÂ

JmfznbpsS Adnhv Bkv]Zam¡n hn[n¡Â

kwbp Jmfzn

amkndhn

ZqcZÀin\nbneqsS amkndhn

C, qt¡mkv

kln¡m\mhm hniv

 

cw FSp¡Â

]pIhen

KÀ`nWnbpw ape sImSp¡p kv{Xobpw

Dan\oÀ Cd¡nbmÂ

\kyw sN¿Â

F ]pcepw kpdpabnSepw

ssdkvanÃp sXmgnemfnIÄ

apn¡pfn¡Â

AÀikv (aqe¡pcp)

Sqvt]Ìv D]tbmKnv {_jv sN¿Â

kz]v\kvJe\w

Npw_\hpw t\mpw

^nZvbbpsS AhIminIÄ

ia\w {]Xon¡m\mhm tcmKw

dafzm\nse kwkÀKw

kzbwt`mKw

Bdv t\mv

kpv t\mnt\msSmw JfzmAv hoÂ

DZbmkvXab hyXymkapÅ {]tZit¡v bm{X sN¿phÀ


]nimNn\p Ne

tNmZyw : dafzm\n ]nimNp¡sf Ne¡nSpsan ]nssbs\bmWv B amkn P\Ä tZmiw sN¿pXv.?

Dcw : dafzm\n ]nimNp¡sf Ne¡nSpsan ]nssbs\bmWv B amkn ]m]Ä DSseSp¡psX kwibn\v  Camw JpÀXzp_n(d) adp]Sn ]dbpXv ImWpI. "dafzm amks AXns acymZIÄ ]qÀWambn ]menp kqvaX tbmsS ssIImcyw sN¿phÀ¡p am{XamWnXp _m[IamIpXv. Ne¡nSsSphÀ adZXp Pnv F {]tXyIhÀKw am{XamImsa A`n{]mbhpaptÃm. XnIÄ hfsc Ipdbpsat CXpsImptin¡ppÅq. AXv A\p`hkXyamWtÃm. C\n FÃm ]nimNp¡sfbpw _Ô\Øcm¡nbmepw ]m]IrXyÄ XSbsSWsanÃ. ImcWw, Zpjn icochpw No BNmcfpw a\pjy]nimNp¡fpsaÃmw XnIÄ¡p \nanambn hÀn¡ppv'. IqSpX hniZoIcWn\v dafm alXzhpw {]knbpw F teJ\w hmbn¡pI.


t\mns ØncoIcWw

tNmZyw : dafzm t\mv \nÀ_Ôambnpsv Adnbm\pÅ amÀsamWv? hniZoIcnmepw?

Dcw : Camw KÊmen(d) ]dbpp: ""Fm t\mv \nÀ_ÔamIm\pÅ ImcWw dafzm amkndhn ZÀin¡emWv''(hPokv). Cu hm¡pIÄ hymJym\nv sImv hPokn s hymJym\ {KÙamb ^Xvlp Akokn Camw dm^n'Cu(d) FgpXpp: ""t\mv \nÀ_ÔamIm\pÅ ImcWw amkndhn ZÀin¡pXn am{Xw A[njvTnXamsWmWv aqe {KÙns hm ¡pIfpsS _mlyw Ipdn¡pXv. ]t, B  _mlymÀYw ChnsS DtiyanÃ. i'Av_m amkw apXv ]qÀnbmIepw amkndhn ZÀin¡pXns AÀYn XsbmWv. CXv \mw hniZoIcnnpv. IrXyambn ]dªm t\mv \nÀ_ÔamIm\pÅ ImcWw dafzm amkw Bbnpsv t_m[ysSemWv. amkndhn ZÀin¡tem i'Av_m apXv ]qÀnbmItem AÃ. Fm Ah cpw dafzm amkambnpsv t_m[ysSm\pÅ cv amÀKfmWv. Fm tPymÕys IW¡v Ch cpw t]mse asämcp amÀKambn IpIqSm. AXpsImp Xs IW¡v Bkv]Zam¡n(apkvenamb)tPymÕy\v t]mepw t\mv \nÀ_ÔamIpnÃ. AXpt]mse Xs Ahs\ A\pIcnv aäpÅhÀ¡pw t\mv \nÀ_ÔamInÃ. N{s Ne\ hgnIfdnbph\pw XssYh'' (^Xvlp Akokv 6/266). hniZamb ]T\n\v t\mns A\nhm cyX F teJ\nse t\mv \nÀ_ÔamIpsXtmÄ? F `mKw hmbn¡pI. 


kz]v\neqsS  dafzm

tNmZyw : kz]v\neqsS  dfzm\mbnpsv \_n(kz) ]dªm AX\pkcnv t\m v \nÀ_ÔamIptam?

Dcw : C_v\plPÀ(d) ]dbpp: ""HcmÄ \_n(kz)sb kz]v\n ImWpIbpw \msf dafzm\msWv \_n(kz) ]dbpIbpw sNbvXm AXSnØm\am¡nbpw t\mv \nÀ_ÔamIpnÃ. I BfpsS IrXyX hnZqcambXmWv ImcWw. IXn kwibapfhmbnÃ. (Xplv^ 3/373, 374). hniZamb ]T\n\v t\mns A\nhm cyX F te J\nse t\mv \nÀ_ÔamIpsXtmÄ? F `mKw hmbn¡pI.


Pbnen shv t\mv

tNmZyw : dafzm\n\v apv PbneneS¡sSpIbpw t\mv kabw AdnbmXncn¡pIbpw sNbvXm Fs\bmWv t\m\pjvSnt¡Xv?

Dcw : PbneneS¡sh KthjWneqsS dafzm Bbnpsv Andbm\På {iaw \Sn t\m\pjvSn¡pIbmWv thXv. _mPqcn(d) ]dbpp: ""KthjWneqsS dafzm Bbnps anI [mcW e`n PbneneS¡sh t\m\pjvTn¡Ww. bYmÀY kabv Xsbmbncpp {]kvXpX t\mv kw`hnsXn AZmBbpw tijambncppshn JzfzmBbpw apmbncppshn kpmbpw ]cnKWn¡sSpw'' (lminbXp _mPqcn 1/298). apmbncppshv ]noSv t_m[ysmÂ, t\mns _m[yX hoSmXv sImv hopw t\m\pjvSnt¡XmWv.


IW¡pw tPymXnimkv{Xhpw

tNmZyw: damfzm amkns ØncoIcWn\v Cv NneÀ tPymXnimkv{Xhpw IW¡pw Ahew_n¡pXmbn ImWpp. CXv ]mSnÃv Hcp hn`mKw ]WvVnXÀ hmZn¡pp. CXns CkvemanI hn[n hniZoIcn¡mtam?

Dcw:  hniZoIcn¡mw. dafzm amkns ]ndhnbmWv {hXw \nÀ_ÔamIpXns am\ZWvUsav JzpÀB kqNnn¡pp(AÂ_Jzd). AXpsImpXs iÀ'Cs \nba{]Imcw dafzm ØncsSm buapÈ¡nÂ(kwib Znhkw) {hXsaSp¡Â \njnamsWv \_n(kz) ]dbpp. dafzm\ns ØncoIcWn\v CkvemanI icoAXn hyamb am\ZWvUfpv. i'Av_m apXv ]qÀWamhpItbm Ccp]n HXn\v AkvXa\tmsS amkndhn ZÀinXmbn \nbam\pkrXw ØncsSpItbm thWw. ASnØm\]cambn asämcp amÀKw CÆnjbIambn Ahew_n¡mhXsÃv ]WvVnXmÀ hniZoIcn¡pp. Cu hnjbn aZvl_ns ]WvVnXmÀ GIm`n{]mb¡mcmWv.

JWvUnXamb ]WvVnXXocpam\s adnISpsImv Ckvemanse Hcp 'C_mZv Øn csSppXn\v tPymXnimkv{Xhpw IW¡psaÃmw Ahew_n¡sSWsa hmZKXn Nne tImWpIfn \nv DbÀp hcm XpSnbnpv. Camw _Zvdpo\p s'F\n(d) FgpXpp: ""imcn'Av(AÃmlphpw dkqepw) t\mns\bpw aäpw N{ ZÀi\tmSmWv _Ônnncn¡pXv. IW¡hew_am¡pXn kapZmbn\v(Dn\v) hnjaapmImXncn¡m\mWnXv.kapZmbn CXv XsbmWv \ne\nv t]mXpw. ]noSv Hcp P\Xbn CsXÃmw Adnbphcpmbmepw CXn amäanÃ. \nfpsS ta taLmhrXambm i'Av_m apXv ]qÀnbm¡pI F \_nhN\ns _mlyw Xs IW¡v Xotc Ahew_nv IqsSmWv Ipdn¡pXv. hÃtm gpw IW¡hew_n¡mambncppshn IW¡dnbphtcmSv \nÄ tNmZn¡pI Fv \_n  (kz) ]dtbnbncpp. Fm Hcp hn`mKw IW¡pImcnte¡v aSnbncn¡pIbmWv (]p {]Øm\¡mcmb) dm^nfzpIfmWv Cu hn`mKw. ke^pÊzmenlpIfpsS CPvam'Av(GtIm]\w) ChÀs¡Xncn tcJbmsWv Camw Jzmfzn 'Cbmfzv(d) {]kvXmhnnpv. C_v\p_kzokz(d) ]dbpXv CXv ASnØm\clnXamb aZvl_msWmWv. Cu hnÚm\n Bgnendnsv ]T\w \SpXv Xs \nÝbw icoAXv hne¡nbnpv. ImcWw tKmfimkv{X IW¡v sImv tIhew A\pam\tam Dultam am{XamWv e`n¡pXv. Ddtm anI `mh\tbm e`n¡pnÃ'' ('DwZXp Jzmcn 10/286, 287).

C_v\pssXan¿ Xs ]dbpp: ""kzlolmb kpv sImpw kzlm_ns GtIm]\w sImpw Øncs ImcyamWv \{X IW¡pIsf Ahew_n¡m ]mSnà FXv. CXn ktlanÃ. Camw _pJmcn(d)bpsSbpw apkvenw(d)hnsbpw lZokn C{]Imcw Øncsnpv. \_n(kz) ]dªp; "\nÝbw \mw FgpXpItbm IW¡v IqpItbm sN¿m kapZmbamWv'. amkndhn IXn\v thn \nÄ t\mpw s]cpmfpw A\pjvTn¡pI. N{ndhnbn IW¡hew_am¡ph ico'An hgn sXänbh\mbXv t]mse Zo\n ]p\mib¡mc\pw  (ap_vXZn'Av) IqSnbmWv. tKmfimkv{X ]WvVnXmÀ Xs IW¡v Bkv]Zam¡n amkndhn ZÀi\w IrXyamInsÃv a\Ênem¡nbhcmWv. AhcpsS IW¡ns ]camh[n, þAXv icnbmbm Xsþ AkvXa\ kabv kqcysbpw N{sbpw CSbn F{X Un{Kn AIÂbpsv {Kln¡emWv. ]t, CXv sImmIs ZÀi\ns Imcyw IrXyam¡m\mInÃ. ImcWw t\m¡phs ImgvNbpw Ah \n¡p Øens hyXymkhpw A\pkcnv ZÀi\w hyXymkamIm \ymbapv. CXp sImp XsbmWv IW¡pImÀ Xs ZÀi\n\v km[yamIpw hn[nepÅ kqcyN{ AI F{XbmsWXn hfscb[nIw A`n{]mb`nXbnsensXv. AhcpsS apIme t\Xm¡fmb _Xvzsseaqkv(tSmfan) t]msebpÅhÀ CXp kw_Ôambn Hpw ]dªnnÃ. IW¡v ASnØm\am¡n IrXyamsbmcp tcJ CXn\v CÃmXmWv ImcWw. ssZean XpSnb AhcpsS Nne ]n¡me ]WvVnXmcmWv CXpkw_Ôambn kwkmcnXv. ico'Ans Iptd hn[nIÄ N{t\mSv _Ônv \n¡pXmbn AhÀ ItmÄ N{ndhn ZÀi\n\v IW¡ns\ Hcp IrXyamÀKam¡msahÀ A`n{]mbsSpIbmbncpp. Fm CXv t\sc sNmsÆbpÅ amÀKaÃ. CXn \nv A[nIhpw ]nghmWv. A\p`hhpw CXp Xs. N{ ZÀin¡sSptam CÃtbm FXn hsc XÀ¡apmIpp. CXn\p ImcWw IW¡v sImv IrXyam¡m\mImsmcp Imcyw IW¡v sImhÀ IrXyam¡m {ianpshXmWv. AtmÄ kXyamÀKw hnv AhÀ ]ngpt]mbn'' (C_v\pssXan¿bpsS aPvaq'D ^Xmhm, 25/207, 208). hniZ]T\w B{Kln¡phÀ IW¡pw tPymXnimkv{Xhpw F teJ\w a\kncpn hmbn¡pI.


Ass\Iyhpw A`n{]mb`nXbpw

tNmZyw : cmPyv `nX IqSmsX t\mpw s]cpmfpsaÃmw GIoIcn¡m IW¡v Ahew_am¡pXmWv A`nImaysapw N{ndhn ZÀi\w Xs Bkv]Zam¡nbm Ihcpw ImWmhcpw `nXbnemhpIbpw t\mpw s]cpmfpsaÃmw CucmhpIbpw sN¿pXmWv A\p`hsapw NneÀ hmZn¡pp. CXv icnbmtWm?

Dcw: XnIpw hmkvXh hncpamb hmZamWXv. ZÀi\s Bkv]Zam¡ptmÄ I cmPys Bkv]Zam¡n Ab \mSpIÄ¡pw t\mpw s]cpmfpa\pjvTn¡m kuIcyapv. temIsammsI GIoIcn¡WsamWv hmZsan AXv IW¡v Bkv]Zam¡nbmbmepw km[yamImXpw Akw`hyamIpXpamWv. C\n amkndhn ZÀi\w i'Av_m Ccp]nsbmXns AkvXa\ tijw Dmbnà Fncn¡s. Fm Cu kmlNcyn FÃmhtcmSpw i'Av_m apXv ]qÀnbm¡m\mWv \_n(kz)bpsS BÚ.

Camw s'F\n(d) C_v\p_zmen(d) \npcn¡pp: ""\Ä IW¡pIqphcsà \_nhN\ns Dtiyw C{]ImcamWv. \psS t\mnsbpw aäp 'C_mZnsbpw kabÄ Adnbm BhiyamIpw hn[apÅ IW¡v Adnªncn¡Wsav BÚm]n¡sSm hn`mKamWv \mw. \psS 'C_mZpIsfÃmw _Ôn¡sncn¡pXv hyamb ASbmftfmSpw _mlyamb ImcytfmSpamWv. CÆnjbn IW¡pImcpw AÃmhcpw kaas{X'' (s'F\n(d)bpsS 'DwZXpÂJzmcn 10/287).

Cu hniZoIcWn \nv IW¡hew_n¡ptmgmWv Ass\Iyhpw A`n{]mb`nXbpw DmIpsXpw amkndhn ZÀin¡mXncpm FÃmhcpw i'Av _m apXv ]qÀnbm¡p ]w P\Ä¡nSbn sFIyapmIpsapw hyambn.

lm^nfzv C_v\p lPÀ(d) ]dbpXv ImWpI: ""taLmhrXamIptmÄ Fw ]qÀnbm¡Wsav ]dªXnse clkyw {]kvXpX Fn FÃmhcpw kamcmsWXmWv. AtmÄ Ahcn A`n{]mb`nXbpw XÀ¡hpw CÃmXmIpw'' (^XvlpÂ_mcn 4/159).

'A_vZpdlvam\p Pkocn ]dbpp: ""hfsc KmVamb XXzÄ Ahew_am¡nbmWv tPym ÕymÀ {]hNn¡psXnepw AhcpsS {]hN\w IrXyamhmsXbmWv A\p`hw. A[nI kÀ`fnepw AhcpsS A`n{]mbÄ At\ym\yw FXncmIppshXv XsbmWv AXn\v sXfnhv'' (A aZmln_p AÀ_'A 1/500, 501).


ZpÀhymJym\w

tNmZyw :Fgppw hmb\bpw IW¡pIfpsampw AdnªpIqSm hynbmWv \_n(kz)sbpw AXn\memWv IW¡pIÄ \_n(kz) Ahew_n¡mXncpsXpw AhIÄ AdnbphÀ¡v IW¡v Ahew_n¡pXn hne¡v hnnsÃpw NneÀ hmZn¡pp. CXv icnbmtWm?

Dcw : icnbÃ. \_n(kz)bpsS hm¡pIÄ km[mcW¡mÀ¡v t]mepw a\ÊnemIpw hn[w hyambncns¡ ZpÀhymJym\n\v apXnÀhÀ kzw hnÍnw {]ISnn¡pI am{XamWv sN¿pXv. lZokn \_n(kz)¡v Fgppw hmb\bpw IW¡psampw AdnªpIqsSv ]dbpnÃ. Fgppw hmb\bpw Adnbm HcpIqw BfpIsf kwt_m[\ sNbvXtmgmWv \_n(kz) "Cm DXp Dn¿Xp' F ]cmaÀiw \SpXv. `qcn]w km[mcW¡mÀ \ndª Hcp kZÊns\ kwt_m[\w sN¿p ]WvVnX \mw km[mcW¡mcmsWpw InXm_pw kppw bYmhn[n a\Ênem¡m \ap¡v IgnhnÃmXn\m ]WvVnXsc A\pIcn¡pItb \nÀhmlapÅqshpw {]kvXpX kZÊnt\mSv ]dªm B hyn Hpw AdnªpIqSmh\msWv IspXv ]pXpabpÅ hnÍnw  XsbmWv.

Fgpv, hmb\, IW¡v XpSn {]mcw`Ln \_n(kz)¡v \ÂIsSm FÃm Úm\fpw kmZnXn\v tijamWv \_n(kz) hnS]dªsXv Camw kpbqXzn(d) Xs A JkzmCkzp Ip_vd 1/195Â, ]WvVnXmcn \npcnnpv.


dafzm amkneÃm t\mv

tNmZyw: dafzm amkneÃm aäv hà t\mpIfpw \nÀ_Ôaptm?

Dcw: tcJIfpsS shfnn dafzm t\mv am{XamWv ASnØm\]cambn \nÀ_ÔambXv. AÃmh ASnØm\]cambn \nÀ_ÔanÃ. ]VnXmÀ GtIm]nXmWv C¡mcyw. Camw \hhn(d)bpsS {]kvXmh\ ImWpI: dafzm t\mÃmh idC ASnØm\]cambn \nÀ_ÔamIpnsÃv CPvamAv sImv ØncsXmWv. Fm t\À, {]mbÝnw XpSnb ImcWÄ sImv aäv t\mpIfpw \nÀ_Ôambnhcpw (idD apl_v 6/248).


tlmÂ, IqÄ_mÀ

tNmZyw: P\m Aapkvenamb HcmÄ¡v t\mv \nÀ_ÔansÃv ]dbptmÄ Ahscbpw aäv t\mv \nÀ_ÔanÃmhscbpw ]cnKWnv tlmÂ, IqÄ_mÀ XpSnb Øm]\Ä Xpdp {]hÀn¡pXpw t\mv Imev tPmen sN¿p Aapkvenw IÄ¡v `Ww \ÂIpXpw sXämIptam? \psS \mnse P\Ä CsXmcp alm]mXIambn ImWpp. tIcfns ]pdpw tIcfnse Nne {]tZifnepw CXv sXäm bn ImWppanÃ. hniZoIcnmepw.

Dcw: t\mv Imev Bsc ]cnKWnmsWnepw tlmÂ, IqÄ_mÀ XpSnb Øm ]\Ä Xpdp {]hÀn¡pXv dafzm\ns BZchns\ CÃmXm¡epw dafzm\ns\ \nn¡epamWv. AXpsImmWv CXv alm]mXIambn ImWpXv. am{XaÃ, Cfhv A\phZn¡sSm t\mv \nÀ_ÔambhÀ hv `Ww Ign¡m\pw km[yXbpv. tZmi s klmbn¡m Xpdp{]hÀn¡Â ImcWamIpsav XoÀ.

iÀhm\n(d) ]dbpp: P\m Aapkvenambh\v dafzm\ns ]Ien `Ww \ÂIpXv ldmamsWv inlm_pÀdwen(d) ^Xvh \ÂInbnpv.


sshcpyw

tNmZyw: t\msSp¡m Ignbp 7 hbÊv {]mbapÅ IpntbmSv t\msSp¡m BÚm]n¡Â \nÀ_ÔamsWv ]dbpXpw {]mb]qÀnbpw _pnbpapÅhÀ¡v am{Xta t\mv \nÀ_ÔapÅqshv ]dbpXpw sshcpyatÃ?

Dcw: sshcpyaÃ. {]mb]qÀnbpw _pnbpapÅhÀ¡v am{Xta t\mv \nÀ_ÔapÅqshv ]dªXpsImv IpnIÄ t\mv Dt]nXn\v ]ctemIv inn¡sSnsÃmWv hnhn¡pXv. t\msSp¡m Ignbp Ggv hbkv {]mbapÅ IpntbmSv t\m\pjvTn¡m IÂ]n¡Â \nÀ_ÔamsWv ]dªXns XmXv]cyw t\msSpnsÃn Ipn Ipä¡mc\mhpsaÃ. Fnte sshcpyapÅq.  {]XypX BÚm]nt¡ cnXmhv BÚm]n¡mXns t]cn inn¡sSpsamWv. IpntbmSv C{]Imcw BÚm]n¡pXv t\cs ioenpt]mm {]mb]qÀnbmbXn\p tijw Ah t\mv Dt]n¡mXncn¡m\mWv. Ah\v t\mv \nÀ_ÔambXpsI#mÃ. FÃm IÀimkv{X ]WvVnXcpw CXv hyam¡nbnpv.


apÀXv hopw Ckvemante¡v hmÂ

tNmZyw: {]mb]qÀnbpw _pnbpapÅ apkvenan\mWv t\mv \nÀ_ÔamIpsXv ]dbptmÄ Aapkvenan\v \nÀ_ÔansÃtà hcpXv? AtmÄ Ckveman \npw ]pdpt]mb Hcp apÀXv hopw Ckvemante¡v hm IgnªImefnse t\mv JfzmAv hotXptm?

Dcw: C_v\p lPÀ(d) ]dbpp: dafm t\mv \nÀ_ÔamIpXn\pÅ \n_Ô\bnsemmWv apkvenambncn¡Â. AXv Ignª Imembncpepw aXn. apÀXns\Ipdnm Wv Cu ]dªXv. AXpsImv Xs Ah Ckvemante¡v aSnhm JfzmAv ho \nÀ_ÔamWv. BZyta Aapkvenambh C{]mIcaÃ. Fnepw(Ah Im^ndmbn Xs acnmÂ) t\mv Dt]nXns t]cn ]ctemIv inn¡sSpw. \nkvImcns hnjbhpw CXpt]mses (Xplv^: 3/427).

BZyta Aapkvenambh Ckvemante¡v hcptmÄ IgnªImefnse t\m,v \nkv Imcw XpSnbh JfzmAv hotXnsÃv ]dbpXv Ckvemw A\phZnpsImSp CfhmWv. Ckvemw BtÇjn¡pXv t{]mÕmlnn¡m\mWnXv. t\cs apkvenambh Ckveman \npw ]pdpt]mbm Ah ]mXIw sNbvXXn\m Cu Cfhn\h AÀl\Ã. adnv IqSpX {]bmkfmWh A\p`hnt¡nhcpXv. AXpsImmWv Ckveman \npw ]pdpt]mb Imev Ah {`m\mbm B kabs t\mpw \nkvImchpsaÃmw Ckveman htijw hopw JfzmAv hoWsap ]dbpXv (Xplv^: 3/432 C_v\p Jmknw klnXw t\m¡pI).


Hne[nIw {]mhiyw sseep JZv
tNmZyw: hÀjn Hcp {]mhiyamWtÃm sseep JZvÀ DmhpI. AXp Xs Htc cmhnepw. Fm Hcp Øev cm{XnbmhptmÄ asämcp Øev ]IemsWn AhÀ¡v AhcpsS cm{Xnbn sseep JZÀ DmIptam? Dsn Hne[nIw {]mhiyamhpIbntÃ?

Dcw: Hmtcm hÀjnepw  sseep JZvÀ, FÃm Øepw Htc cm{Xnbn kw`hn¡ppshmWv lZokpIÄ sXfnbn¡pXv. DZmlcWambn Hcp hÀjw 27s cmhnemWv kw`hn¡psXn FÃmbnSpw 27 \v Xs kw`hn¡pw. ]t, DZbmkvXa\ns hyXymka\pkcnv {]kvXpX cmhv \opsImncn¡psatbpÅq. CX\pkcnv Hne[nIw cmhpIfn DmthnhcnÃ.


`Àmhv `Ww ]mIw sN¿m ]dªmÂ

tNmZyw: `Àmhv ]dbpsXÃmw A\pkcn¡Â `mcy¡v \nÀ_ÔamWtÃm. hrXa\pjvTn¡m `Àmhv t\mv Imev `Ww ]mIw sN¿m ]dªm A\pkcnt¡Xptm?

Dcw: `Àmhv ]dbpsXÃmw A\pkcn¡Wsav Ckvemw ]dbpnÃ. ldmamb Imcyw ]dªm A\pkcnt¡XnÃ. AÃmlphn\v tZmiw sNbvXv HcmÄ¡pw hgnsScpsXmWv lZokv. t\mv \nÀ_ÔapÅ `ÀmhmWv t\m\pjvTn¡msX `Ww ]mIw sN¿m BhiyssXn A\pkcn¡Â \nÀ_ÔansÃv am{Xaà ldmapw IqSnbmWv. ImcWw CXv ldman\v Iqp\n¡emWtÃm. ldman\v Iqp\n¡ ldmamWv.


JmfznbpsS Adnhv Bkv]Zam¡n hn[n¡Â

tNmZyw: Hcp \mnse Jmfzn amkw DdnXmbn t^m aptJ\tbm, tdmUntbm, sSenhnj {]t]Ww aptJ\tbm Ab \mnse Jmfzn¡v t_m[ysm AXSnØm\am¡n B Jmfzn¡v amkw Ddn¡m ]äptam? JmfznbpsS Adnhv Bkv]Zam¡n hn[n¡msav IÀimkv{X ]VnXmÀ ]dªXn CXpw DÄsSntÃ?

Dcw: t^m, tdmUntbm, sSenhnj {]t]Ww Fnh Ahew_nv Jmfzn¡v amkw Ddn¡m ]äpIbnÃ. ssiJv aJvZqw XfpsS hm¡pIÄ ImWpI: \oXnam\mb Hcp hynbpsS dntmÀ,v Ahs hnizmktbmKyamb Fgpv XpSnbh Ahew_nv kzw icoctmSv am{Xw _ÔsImcyÄ sN¿mhpXmWv. aäpÅhtcmSv _ÔsSp ImcyÄ¡pw Jmfznbpambn _ÔsSp hn[n{]Jym]\n\pw Ah Ahew_n¡m ]mSnÃ. asämcp JmfznbpsS Fgppw A{]Imcw Xs. idC¿mb eyambn kzoIcn¡m ]ämhsbÃmw CXpt]mseXsbmWv(^Xvlp apCu 366). Cu ]dª idC¿mb eyw sImv hnh(tbmKycmb) cp ]pcpjmcpsS kmnXzamsWv ^Xvlp apCu\ns hymJym\ {KÙamb CB\Xv hmfyw 3/325  hyam¡nbnpv.

C_v\plPÀ(d) ]dbpp. Hcp \mn dafzm amkndhn Øncsm Ab \mnse Jmzfn AXhew_nv dafzm ØncsSpWsan Amnse Jmfzn amkapdnXmbn cp kmnIÄ aptJ\ ØncsSWw. HcmÄ aXnbmInÃ. ASnØm\]cambn dafzm ØncsSm HcmÄ aXnbmIpsanepw Hcp cmPyv ØncsXmbn asämcp JmfznbpsS AcnIn ØncsSm cv kmnIÄ Xs thWw (Xplv^ 3/380).

Fm kzw Adnhv Ahew_nv Jmfn¡v hn[n¡msav ]dªXns hym]vXnbn t^m, tdmUntbm XpSnbh aptJ\bpÅ Adnhv DÄsSnÃ. ImcWw Adª Adnhv sImv hnh FmsWv IÀimkv{X ]VnXÀ Xs hyam¡nbnpv.

C_v\plPÀ(d) ]dbpp: JmfznbpsS Adnh\pkcnv hn[n¡msav ]dªXns hn h, AXhew_am¡n kmn ]db A\phZ\obamIpw hn[apÅ inbmÀÖn anI `mh\ DmhpI FmWv. Ddv Xs DmI \n_Ô\bmsWv ]dbpXv A{]_eamWv (Xplv^ 10/148).

t^m, tdmUntbm, sSenhnj Ahew_am¡n kmn ]dbm ]mSnsÃXv ]dtbXnÃtÃm. \áamb t\{XÄsImv ImWpItbm IXns ASnØm\n C Jmfzn dafzm ØncsSpnbnpsv t\cn t_m[ysSpItbm sNbvXÃmsX km n ]dbm ]mSnsÃXv AhnXÀ¡nXamWv. Npcp¡n t^m, tdmUntbm XpSnbh Ahew_nv kmn ]dbm ]ämt]mes Ah aptJ\bpÅ Adnhv Ahew_nv Jmfzn¡v hn[n ]dbm\pw ]äpIbnÃ.

JXzo_pÈnÀ_o\n(d) FgpXpp: JmfznbpsS Adnh\pkcnv hn[n¡msav ]dªXn Ahs tIhe `mh\IÄ am{Xw aXnbmInÃ. AImcWamtbm ]cnKW\obambn iÀAv kmysSpm ImcWÄ aptJ\tbm a\Ên kwPmXamIp [mcWIfpw aXnbmInÃ. Fm \ntj[n¡m ]äm hn[w Faä BfpIfpsS dntmÀv aptJ\bpÅ Adnhv Ahew_nv hn[n¡msav ]dtbmXnÃ. Imcyw hyamIptmÄ [mcWnghv \oppshXmWv ImcWw (apán 4/398).

C{Xbpw hniZoIcnXn \nv Hcp \mnse Jmfzn amkapdnXmbn AbÂ\mnse Jmfzn¡v t^m, tdmUntbm XpSnbh aptJ\ hnhcw e`nm AXv Ahew_am¡n hn[n ]dbm ]mSnsÃpw A\ntj[yamw hn[apÅ dntmÀv e`nm kmnIÄ IqSmsX Xs B dntmÀv Ahew_am¡n hn[n¡msapw hyambn. hn[n JmfznbpsS AcnIn t\cnv sNÃpIbpw Atlw hn[nXmbn XtmSv t\cn ]dbpIbpw sNbvXm AXv Ahew_am¡nbpw AbÂ\mnse Jmfzn¡v hn[n¡mhpXmWv. Xs A[nImc]cn[nbpsS ]pdv \nv e`n Andhmbncpmepw AXhew_am¡n hn[n¡msav apánbnepw Akv\bnepw {]kvXmhnXv CXn\v sXfnhmWv (iÀhm\n 10/148).

ta hniZoIcWn \nv Xmsg ]dbp ImcyÄ {Kmlyambn.

t^m, tdmUntbm, sSenhnj XpSnbh aptJ\ hnizk\obambn e`n¡p Adnhv Bkv]Zam¡n kzw {]hÀn¡mhpXmWv.

Cu ]dª \nbaw Jmfzn¡pw _m[IamWv.

\mn s]mXphmbn \nbaw _m[IamIpwhn[w Jmfzn hn[n {]Jym]n¡m Ah Ahew_nam¡nIqSm.

Ah Ahew_am¡n Jmfzn dafzm {]Jym]nm AXv kzoImcyaÃ.

t^m, tdUntbm, sSenhnj aptJ\ ZÀi\w t_m[ys Jmfzn¡v kzambn t\mpw s]cpmfpamIptmÄ Xs Xs A[nImc ]cn[nbnepÅ P\Ä¡ Xv _m[IamhpIbnÃ.

tbmKycmb cmfpIfpsS kmnXzansÃnepw A\ntj[yamwhn[w Øncs dntmÀpIÄ Bkv]Zam¡n Jmfzn¡v hn[n¡mhpXmWv.

dafzm ØncsSpnb hnizkvX\mb Jmfzn t\cn XtmSv ]dªXv Ahew_am¡n Jmfzn¡v hn[n¡mhpXmWv.


kwbp Jmfzn

tNmZyw: ]e cmPyfn A[nImcapÅ Hcp Jmfzn A[nImc]cn[nbnÂs] Hcp cmPyp\npw Xm hn[nXmbn asämcp cmPyfnte¡v Fgpv sImSpbm B Fgpv Ahew_am¡n B \mpImÀ¡v t\mv A\pjvTn¡mtam?

Dcw: ]e cmPyfnÄ A[nImcapÅ Hcp Jmfzn A[nImc]cn[nbnÂs] Hcp cmPyv \nv hn[n {]Jym]n¡ptXmsS Xs A[nImc]cn[nbnepÅ apgph \mpImÀ¡pw B hn[n _m[IamhpXmWv. AXpsImpXs B hn[n _m[IamhpXn Fgpn\v ]cnKW\bnÃ. XfpsS Jmfzn hn[nncn¡psh hnhcw e`n¡pI am{XamWv FgppsImv \S¡pXv. hn[nbÃ. Npcp¡n hnizk\obambn e`nn JmfznbpsS Fgpv Ahew_am¡n t\mv A\pjvTnt¡XmWv.


amkndhn

tNmZyw: Hcp \mn amkndhn ZÀi\w Dmbm Ab cmPyÄ¡pw AXv _m[Iamhptam? Fn am\ZWvUsav?

Dcw: Hcp {]tZiv amkndhn ZÀi\w Dmbm AXnt\mSv ASpv InS¡p cmPyÄ¡pw B hn[n _m[IamhpXmWv. DZbÄ hyXymkamIepw BImXncn¡epamWv cmPyÄ ]ckv]cw ASpnepw AIÂbnepw BhpXns am\ZWvUw. Cu A`n{]mbamWv {]_eambXv. Camw \hhn(d) anlmPn {]kvXmhnXmWv C¡mcyw.

Cu hm¡pIÄ hniZoIcnpsImv C_v\p lPÀ(d) FgpXpp: DZbmkvXa\Ä hyXymkamIpXnepw BImXncn¡pXnepw tKmf imkv{XÚmsc hn[nIÀm¡fm¡mhpXmWv. Chsc hn[nIÀm¡fm¡m ]mSnsÃv ]dbpXv ASnØm\ Imcyfn am{XamWv. A\p_ÔfneÃ. DZb hyXymkw IW¡m¡Â Cu A\p_Ôfn s]XmWv ({hXw \nÀ_ÔamIpXn\v  ASnØm\]cambn Ahsc Ahew_n¡m ]mSnsÃnepw Hcp cmPypÅhÀ¡v t\mv \nÀ_Ôambm AtXmS\p_Ônv Ab cmPy¡mÀ¡pw AXv _m[Ihpsa hnjbn Ahsc hn[nIÀm¡fm¡msav Npcp¡w). Fm Hcp cmPyv ZÀin¡sm atä cmPyv ZÀin¡mXncn¡Â A[nIamIpwhn[w cp cmPyfpw AIncn¡emWv DZbÄ hyXymkamIpXpsImpÅ hnhsbv Ahmdn {]kvXmhnnpv. Xplv^ 3/381).

CX\pkcnv DZb hyXymkw IW¡m¡m tPmÕymsc B{ibnt¡nhcpnÃ. C XpsImv XsbmWv DZbhyXymkn\v Ahew_ambn ^Xvlp apCu t]Pv 187  Ahmdns hm¡v am{Xw DcnXv.


ZqcZÀin\nbneqsS amkndhn

tNmZyw: ZqcZÀin\n t]msebpÅ D]IcWÄsImv HcmÄ amkndhn ZÀinm AXv Ahew_nv amkw Ddn¡m ]äptam?

Dcw: CÃ. kmnsamgn kzoIcn¡Wsan iAv_m 29 \v AkvXan tijw \á t\{XÄsImv N{s\ ZÀinncn¡Ww. ImSn, shÅw, ZqcZÀin\n t]msebpÅ D]IcWÄsImpÅ ImgvN¡v bmsXmcp ]cnKW\bpanà (Xplv^ 3/372 iÀhm\n klnXw).


C, qt¡mkv

tNmZyw: C, qt¡mkv XpSnbh IbäpXpsImv t\mv apdnbptam? apdnbpsan IÀimkv{X ]VnXmÀ ]dª Pu^n(DÅv)s hym]vXnbn RcpIfpw aknepIfpw DÄsSptam? apdnbnsÃn t\m\pjvTn hyn ]I kabv qt¡mkv Ibäns¡mncpm t\mv sImv eyam¡p KpWw IcØamIptam?

Dcw: aknente¡v ASn¡p CIvj sImv t\mv apdnbnÃ. Fm Rcnte¡v Ibäp CIvj, qt¡mkv, cw XpSnbh sImv t\mv apdnbpsamWv ]WvVnX ]w. km[mcWKXnbn DÄ`mKw Fp ]dbm ]äp `mKw ta hkvXp¡Ä Ibäp RcpIÄ¡psXmWv ImcWw. hà hkvXphpw Ignp sImv t\m v \ãsSpmsXbpw `Ww Dt]np sImv oWn¡msXbpw t\mv  e`yamIm qt¡mkv Ibänbm aXnbmIpsa [mcW \ncÀYIamsWv ta hniZoIcWn \nv hyambn.

aÖ FÃns DÄ`mKv \ndªp \n¡pXv t]mse chpw Rcns DÄ`mKv \ndªp \n¡pXv sImv km[mcWKXnbn DÄ`mKw Fp]dbm ]äp hn[nepÅ Hcp `mKw Rcn\nsÃXmWv NnecpsS \ymboIcWw. CXv icnbÃ. Imcyw taÂ]dªXv t]msebmsWn aÖ FÃns DÅn \nÝeambn \n¡p t]mse chpw RcpIÄ¡pÅn \nÝeambn \nÂt¡nbncpp. adnv AXv Ftmgpw Nenp sImncn¡pIbmWv. AXpt]mse Xs AXnte¡v Ibäp cw, qt¡mkv, acpv apXembhbpw Nenv sImncn¡pp.

t\mv apdnbnsÃn t\m\pjvTn hyn ]I kabv qt¡mkv IbänsImncpm t\mv sImv eyam¡p KpWw IcØamIptam FXmWv tNmZynse asämcp hiw. t\mv apdnbpsav htXmsS Cu tNmZyw A{]kamhpp. hniZ ]T\n\v t\mv apdnbp ImcyÄ F teJ\w ImWpI.


kln¡m\mhm hniv

tNmZyw: kln¡m\mhm hniv ImcWw oWnhi\mbh qt¡mkv IbäpXv t\mv apdnbmXncn¡m\pÅ {]Xn_Ôambn ]cnKWnpIqtS?

Dcw: ]cnKWnpIqSm. t\mv apdnbpIXs sN¿pw. ]t, {]Xn_ÔapÅXn\m t\mv apdnXn Ah Ipä¡mc\Ã. asämcp Znhkw JfzmAv hoWsatbpÅq. C_v\p lPÀ(d)bpsS hm¡v ImWpI: hniv XcWw sN¿pI F hnjaw apIÃ^v ({]mb ]qÀnbpw _pnbpapÅh) kln¡m\mWv t\mv \nbaam¡sXv. AXv icoc ipnbnte¡v IqppshXmWv ImcWw. Fm cm{XnbpsS Ahkm\ `mKw (Amgkabv) `Ww Ignnpw t\mv apdn¡pXnte¡v \nÀ_ÔnX\mIpw hn[apÅ Aklyamb hnjpmhpXv A]qÀÆhpw imizXaÃmXpamIpp. tcmKw t]mse Xs. AXpsImv t\mv apdn¡Â A\phZ\obhpw JfzmAv ho \nÀ_ÔhpamIpp (Xplv^ 3/404).


cw FSp¡Â

tNmZyw: t\m\pjvTnhs icocn \npw cw FSp¡pXn\m t\mv apdnbptam? apdnbpsan HcmfpsS Poh cn¡pXn\pthnbmWv cw FSp¡psXn t\mv apdnXn\v Ah Ipä¡mc\mhptam?

Dcw: Rcnte¡v kndnv IbänbmWv cw FSp¡psXn t\mv apdnbpw. Rcns DÅv IÀimkv{X ]VnXmÀ ]dª Pu^ns ]cn[nbnÂs]Xpw kndnv Rcnte¡v IbänbXv DtiytmsSbmbXpamWv ImcWw. cw ]pdsSp¡Â DtiyambXpt]mseXs kndnv Rcnte¡v Ibäepw DtiytmsS XsbmWv. AhnNmcnXaÃ. HcmfpsS Poh cn¡mthnbmWv C{]Imcw cw FSp¡psXn t\mv apdn¡pXpsImv Ipä¡mc\mhpIbnÃ. JfzmAv ho \nÀ_ÔamWv.

asämcmsf csSpmthn t\mv apdn¡pXv kw_Ônv C_v\p lPÀ(d) ]dbpXv ImWpI: JfzmAv hopI, apv sImSp¡pI XpSnb hnjbn apesImSp¡p kv{Xobn ]dª hniZoIcWamWv asämcp Pohlm\n kw`hn¡m t]mIp a\pjy t\m AÃmtXm Bb _lpaXnbpÅ Pohnsb cn¡m thn t\mv apdn¡pXpw. t\mv apdnÃmsX csSpm IgnbmsX hcptmgmWnXv. asämcmfpsS Bhiyn\phn t\mv apdn¡Â XsbmWtÃm ChnsSbpÅXv. CX\pkcnv csSpm {ianh\v kztam cmÄ¡pw IqSntbm Pohlm\n kw`hn¡psav `bsm ]noSv JfzmAv honbm am{XwaXn. ^nZvb sImSpt¡XnÃ. {]XypX B Pohn¡v am{Xw Pohlm\n kw`hn¡psav `bsSptmÄ JfzmAv hoepw ^nZvb(]ng) \ÂIepw \nÀ_Ôamhpw (Xplv^, C_v\p Imknw klnXw 3/413).

cw sImSpnsÃn cn\mhiyamb hynbpsS Pohlm\n am{Xw `bsSp Xv sImv kndnv Ibän cw FSpm t\mv apdnbpXpw ]noSv JfzmAv hotXpw ^nZvb sImSpt¡XpamsWpw t\mv apdnXn Ipä¡mc\mInsÃpw Cu hniZoIcWn \npw hyambn.


]pIhen

tNmZyw: ]pIbnn¡pI, ]pI hen¡pI XpSnbhbneqsS DÅnte¡v ]pI tNcpXv sImv t\mv apdnbptam?

Dcw: ]pI km[mcWKXnbn Hcp XSnbmbn ]cnKWn¡sSmXn\m ta ]dªh sImv t\mv apdnbnsÃv ]dbphcpv. Fm taÂ]dªhbneqsS ]pI DÅnte¡v Fnbm XSn XsbmWv DÅnte¡v tNcpsXpw AXpsImv t\mv apdnbpXmsWpapÅ A`n{]mbamWv {]_ew. hmkvXhhpw CXv Xs. ssiJv 'Aen ¿p_v\p Pamen a¡n, _Àamhn, AÃmam A_vZpÃmln_v\p k'CuZv, C_v\pJzmknw, _mPqcn, C_v\pknbmZv (d.lpw.) XpSnb ]WvVnXmÀ {]kvXmhnXmWv C¡mcyw.


KÀ`nWnbpw ape sImSp¡p kv{Xobpw

tNmZyw: KÀ`nWnIÄ¡pw ape sImSp¡p kv{XoIÄ¡pw t\mv Dt]n¡mtam? hniZoIcnmepw.

Dcw: KÀ`nWn, ape sImSp¡p kv{Xo FnhÀ Ipn¡v hnjaw kw`hn¡psa `bapÅXv sImv t\mv Dt]nm Hcp apv Zm\w sN¿ptXmsSmw JzfzmAv ho ÂIqSn \nÀ_ÔamIpw. kzw Ipªns Imcyn am{XaÃ, Iqent¡m AÃmsXtbm aäp Ipªpsf apebqphÄ¡pw Cu hn[n _m[IamWv. C\n AhÀ kzw icocnt\m icocn\pw Ipn¡pw IqSntbm hnjaw kw`hn¡psav `bsXn\v thnbmWv t\mv Dt]nsXn JzfzmAv ho am{Xta \nÀ_ÔapÅq. apv sImSpt¡XnÃ.


Dan\oÀ Cd¡nbmÂ

tNmZyw: Dan\oÀ Cd¡pXn\m t\mv apdnbptam?

Dcw : Dan\oÀ,  AXns DdhnSamb hmbn \nv t\sc DÅnte¡v Xs CdntmIpXv sImv t\mv apdnbpIbnÃ. ]t, \mhntembnÃmsX ]pdph Xpp\ocv hopw DÅnte¡v Cd¡nbm t\mv apdnbpI Xs sN¿pw. hmbn Dmbncns¡mncn¡p Xpp\ocv Xpn¡fbmsX Ah Hcpanp IqSnb tijw AIt¡v Cd¡pXv sImpw t\mv apdnbpnÃ.

Fm Dan\ocv Cd¡pXv sImv t\mv apdnbpIbnsÃv ]dªXv ]Ãns Du\v s]mnb cw t]msebpÅh sImv AXv \PkmbnnsÃnemWv. {]XypX, \Pkmbnpsn AXv Cd¡pXv sImv t\mv apdnbpXmWv. cns Hcp IeÀpanÃm hn[w Xpp\oÀ sXfnªncpmepw icn. \PkmbtXmsS AXv A\yhkvXphns Øm\msbXmWv ImcWw. CdªXv km[mcW Du s]mn cw hcpXv sIm v hnjanembnnsÃnemWv. C\n hnjakÔnbneIsh\msWn AXpsImv t\mv apdnbpXÃ. \nb{n¡m\mImXv Xs ImcWw.

AXpt]mse hpfzqAv FSp¡p kabv hmbn shÅw sImn¡ptmÄ Xpp\otcmsSmw shÅns IeÀpmbm AXv DÅnte¡v Cd¡pXv aqew t\mv apdnbpIbnÃ. Xpn¡fbm km[yamsWnepw icn. AXns\ kqn¡pI hnjaIcamsWXmWv ImcWw.


\kyw sN¿Â

tNmZyw : aq¡neqsS acppänm t\mv apdnbptam? 

Dcw : sNhn, aq¡v, aq{XZzmcw FnhbneqsS icocns DÅnte¡v acpv Dän¡pI, aeZzmcneqsS acpv IbäpI XpSnb ImcWÄ sImv t\mv apdnbpXmWv.


F ]pcepw kpdpabnSepw

tNmZyw: Xebnepw icocnepw F]pcpI, kpdpabnSpI XpSnbhsImv t\mv apdnbptam? Ah tcmaIqpIfneqsS    DÅnte¡v CdpatÃm. Xpd¡s Zzmcw sImv eyam¡pXv FmWv?

Xebnepw icocnepw F tX¡pXn\m tcmaIq]Ä¡nSbneqsS Ah DÅnte¡v {]thin¡pXv sImv t\mv apdnbnÃ. AXns {]Xn^e\w DÅnte¡v Fnbmepw icn. A{]Imcw Xs In kpdpabnSpXv sImpw t\mv apdnbpIbnÃ. ]of¡pgnbpsS sNdnb Zzmcn\pÅneqsS kpdpabpsS IpfnÀa sXmbn Fppsnepw icn. Chsbmpw Xpd¡s ZzmcfsÃXmWv ImcWw. Ch ZyjvSn¡v hnt[baÃmhn[w t\cnb ZzmcfmWv (Xp lv^ 3/403).

CXn \nv Xpd¡s Zzmcw sImptin¡pXv ZyjvSn¡v hnt[bambXpw t\cnbXÃmXpamb ZzmcfmsWv hyambn. Ir{Xnaambn ]noSv Dm¡sXpw AXnepÄsSpw. AXpsImmWv Xetmdnte¡v Fpwhn[tam hbänte¡v Fpw hn[tam Int]msebpÅh Xmgvnbmepw t\mv Akm[phmIpXv (Xplv^ 3/402).

Fm amenIn aZvl_v A\pkcnv kpdpabnSpXv sImv t\mp apdnbpsamWv. AXp ]cnKWnv t\mpImc kpdpabnS \ÃXà (Xplv^ 3/403, ^.ap'Cu, C'B\v 2/249). t\mpImc\v `qjWaÃm BUw_cn\pw `wKn¡pw kpdpabnSpXv ImcWamWv (C'B\v 2/249).


ssdkvanÃp sXmgnemfnIÄ

tNmZyw: ssdkv anÃpIfn tPmensN¿phcpsS hmbneqsSbpw aäpw s]mSn]SeÄ DÅnsepatÃm. CXn\m t\mv apdnbptam?

Dcw : CÃ. hgnbnse s]mSn]SeÄ, tKmXv, Acn XpSnbhbpsS t\cnb s]mSnIÄ XpSnbh AhnNmcnXambn DÅnte¡v FpXv kqn¡Â {]bmkIcambXmWv ImcWw t\mv apdnbpIbnÃ. DÅnsesnbXv AÂtam IqSpXtem F hyXymkanÃ. CX\pkcnv s]mSn]SefpmIp knav, amÀ_nÄ XpSnbhbpsS DXv]mZ\ tI{fnepw ssdkvanÂ, tkman XpSnb Øm]\fnepw tPmensN¿phcpsS izmkneqsS AhnNmcnXambn s]mSnIÄ IbdntmIpXv sImv t\mv apdnbnsÃv hyambn. hmbbpw aq¡pw ASpshv s]mSn IbdpXv kqn¡msanepw ASpsh¡m IÂn¡pnÃ( Xplv^ iÀhm\n klnXw, 3/403, 404).


apn¡pfn¡Â

tNmZyw: t\mv Imev ]I kabfn apn¡pfn¡m ]mSnsÃv NneÀ ]dbpp. CXv icnbmtWm?

Dcw: apn¡pfnpshXv sImv am{Xw t\mv apdnbpIbnÃ. ]t, apn¡pfn¡phs DÅnte¡v shÅw Fnbm t\mv apdnbpXmWv. AhnNmcnXambn IbdnbXmbmepw icn. adnv shÅw Hgnp Ipfn¡phs DÅnte¡v AhnNmcnXambn shÅw IbdpXv sImv t\mv apdnbpnÃ. t\mpImcs\ At]nv apn¡pfn¡pXv hne¡sXpw shÅw icocnsemgnv Ipfn¡pXv hne¡sSmXpamWv ImcWw. appXv sImv Xs t\mv apdnbpsapshà DÅnte¡v shÅw tNcm AXv ImcWamIpp FXv sImmWv hne¡v. AtmÄ DÅnte¡v shÅw tNcpXv kq nv apnbXv sImv t\mv apdnbpnÃ. Fnepw ]I kabfn apn¡pfn¡mXncn¡emWv A`nImayw. AXpsImmWv Ipfn \nÀ_ÔambhÀ kzp_vln¡p apv Ip fn¡Â kpmbXv (iÀhm\n 3/406).


AÀikv (aqe¡pcp)

tNmZyw: aqehym[nbpÅhcn \npw aqew ]pdphm AXv DÅnte¡v Xsbm¡pXpsImv t\mv apdnbptam?

Dcw: CÃ. AXns\ DÅnte¡v Xs Ibä AXymhiyambXmWv ImcWw. Fm cw t]msebpÅ Aipamb hà hkvXp¡fpw AXnsta Dsncn¡s. Fn AXns\ IbäpXv sImv t\mv apdnbptam CÃtbm F Imcyn c`n{]m bap v. t\mv apdnbnsà A`n{]mbn\mWv {]m_eyw. Cu c`n{]mbw Xs {]kvXpX Aip hkvXp¡fpÅ aqew IgpIpXv sImv hnjaansÃnemWv. {]XypX hnjaapsn IgpIpXns appXs IbäpXv sImv t\mv apdnbnsÃXv AhnXÀ ¡nXamWv (Xplv^ 3/404).


Sqvt]Ìv D]tbmKnv {_jv sN¿Â

tNmZyw: t\mpÅtmÄ Sqvt]Ìv D]tbmKnv {_jv sN¿pXpsImv t\mv apdnbptam?

Dcw: {_jv sN¿pXpsImv am{Xw t\mv Akm[phmIpnÃ. ]t, t]Ìv IeÀ Dan\oÀ DÅnte¡v Cdntmbm t\mv Akm[phmIpw. t]Ìv D]tbmKnv {_jv sNbvXXn\ptijw hmb icn¡pw hrnbm¡nbnnsÃn t]Ìns IeÀpÅ Dan\oÀ DÅnte¡v Cdm km[yXbpÅXpsImv {]tXyIw kqnt¡XmWv(^XvD apCu 193/Xplv^ 3/405).


kz]v\kvJe\w

tNmZyw : kz]v\kvJe\w sImv t\mv apdnbptam? 

Dcw : CÃ.


Npw_\hpw t\mpw

tNmZyw: kv{Xo kv]Àiw, Npw_\w Fnh sImv t\mv apdnbptam?

kv]Àiw, Npw_\w XpSnb ImcWfm ipw ]pdsm t\mv apdnbpw. icockv ]ÀitmsS `mcybpsamnv InS ImcWm C{nbw ]pdsmepw XssYh. F m adtbmSv IqSnbpÅ kv]Àiw, hnImctmsSbpÅ ZÀi\w, Nn XpSnb ImcWfm ipw ]pdsSpXv sImv t\mv apdnbpnÃ. hpfzqCs\ apdn¡pw hn[apÅ kv]Àiw CÃmXn\m kz]v\kvJe\tmSmWv CXn\v kmayXbpÅXv. hnImcs C¡nfnsSpp Npw_\w t]msebpÅh t\mpImc\v IdmlmIpsamWv \nbaw. ^Àfzv t\mmWv A\pjvTn¡psXn ldmans IpäapÅ(Xlvcoans) IdmlXv XsbmIpw.


^nZvbbpsS AhIminIÄ

tNmZyw: ^nZvb(]ng)Bbn sImSpt¡ appIÄ BÀ¡mWv sImSpt¡Xv. FÃmwIq Sn Hcp hyn¡v sImSpm aXnbmIptam?

\jvSamb {hXÄ¡v Hmtcm Znhkn\pw Hmtcm apv(800 an.en.) F tXmXn `W ]ZmÀYw hnXcWw sN¿emIpp ^nZvbbpsS hnh.

C_v\plPÀ(d) ]dbpp: ^nZvb \ÂtIXv ^JoÀ, ankvIo Fo hn`mKn s]hÀ¡v am{XamWv. kImXns AhIminIfmbn ]cnKWn¡sSp aäp hn`mKÄ¡v ^nZvb \ÂIm ]mSnÃ. Hne[nIw appIÄ \ÂIm _m[yXshÀ FÃmw HcmÄ¡p Xs \ÂIpXn sXänÃ. Fm Hcp apv `Ww `mKnv Hne[nIw Zcn{ZÀ¡p \ÂIm ]änÃ. Hcapv HcmÄ¡v F tXmXn `mKnp\ÂIm\pw ]änÃ. Hmtcm appw ]cn]qÀWamb Hcp ^nZvbbmsWXmWv ImcWw (Xplv^ 3/446).


ia\w {]Xon¡m\mhm tcmKw

tNmZyw : ia\w {]Xon¡m\mhm tcmKw aqetam atäm t\m\pjvTn¡m Ignbm hyn¡v Hmtcm Znhkhpw \nÀ_ÔamIp apv AXXv Znhkw Xs sImSpt¡Xptm?  FÃm appIfpw IqSn apIqdmbn sImSp¡m ]äptam?

Dcw: tNmZyn ]dªhÀ, KÀ`nWn, apesI#mSp¡p kv{Xo XpSnbhÀ¡v \nÀ _ÔamIp appIÄ ctm cn A[nItam ZnhkÄ¡v apv sImSp¡Â A\phZ\obaÃ. Hmtcm Znhknsbpw appIÄ B Znhkns(apnepÅ) cm{Xnbn sImSp¡mhpXmWv. Fm JfzmAv hoens\(sXmSp hÀjntet¡m, tijapÅ hÀjfntet¡m) ]nnn¡pXpsImv \nÀ_Ôamhp ^nZvb ImteIqn Xs sImSp¡mhpXmWv. C{]Imcw apán, \nlmb, CB_v Fo {KÙfn Dcnnpv.


dafzm\nse kwkÀKw

tNmZyw: kwtbmKw sImv t\mv \jvSsSpnbhÀ FpsN¿Ww?

Dcw: t\mpImc\mbncns¡ dafzms ]Ien `mcym`Àm¡Ä ssewKnI_Ôn GÀsm ISp {]mbÝnw \nÀÆln¡Ww. kXyhnizmknbmb Hcp ASna sb ASnan \nv tamNnn¡emWv {]mbÝnw. CXv AkuIcyambmÂ(ASnasb  e`n¡m \psS cmPyw t]mse) XpSÀbmbn cpamkw t\m\pjvTnt¡XmWv (Adp]Xv ZnhksamWptiyw). tcmKw, hmÀ[Iyw XpSnb ImcWÄ sImv CXv Akm[yambm Adp]Xv AKXnIÄt¡m Zcn{ZÀt¡m \mnse {][m\ `y[m\yfn \nv Hcp apv hoXw \ÂIemWv \nÀ_ÔambXv (^Xvlp ap'Cu t]Pv 195 þ 197 t\m ¡pI).hy`nNmcn\pw I^v^mdns hn[n _m[IamWv. PnamCeqsS \jvSsSpnb Hmtcm dafzm t\mn\pw shtÆsd I^v^mdv \nÀ_ÔamWv. I^v^mdv \nÀhlnmepw \jvSsSpnb {hXw JfzmAv ho \nÀ_ÔamWv. hniZ ]T\n\v dafzm\nse kwkÀKw F teJ\w hmbn¡pI.


kzbwt`mKw

tNmZyw: kzbwt`mKw sImv t\mv \jvSsSpnbhÀ¡v I^v^mdptm?

Dcw : kzbwt`mKw \nanw C{nbkvJe\w kw`hnm I^v^mdv BhiyanÃ. kvss{XWmhbhneÃmsX \Sp {IoUIÄ \nanw kvJe\w kw`hnmepw I^v ^mdv thXnÃ. \jvSsSpnb {hXw JfzmAv honbm aXnbmIpw.


Bdv t\mv

tNmZyw: iÆm amknse Bdv t\mv F t]cnednbsSp t\mpIÄ s]cpmÄ Zn\nt\mSv XpSÀpÅ Bdv Znhkfn Xs A\pjvTn¡Wsaptm? iÆm amknse GsXnepw Bdv Znhkfn t\m\pjvTnmepw Cu ]pWyw IcØamhpIbntÃ?

Dcw: ASnØm\ kpv e`n¡m iÆm amkn \npÅ hnhn[ Bdv Znhkfnembn t\mv A\pjvTnmepw aXnbmhpw. Fnepw Bdv Znhkw Hnmbncn¡epw AXv Xs s]cpmÄ Zn\tmSv tNÀmbncn¡epw IqSpX t{ijvTXbpÅXmWv (Xplv^; idvhm\n klnXw 3/452).


kpv t\mnt\msSmw JfzmAv hoÂ

tNmZyw: dafzm amkn \jvSs t\mpIÄ aäv kpv t\mns Znhkfn JfzmAv honbm JfzmCs _m[yX hoSpsan cnsbpw {]Xn^ew e`n¡p tam?

Dcw: Cu tNmZyn\pcambn C_v\p lPÀ(d) ]dbpXv ImWpI: IÀ imkv{X ]VnXcpsS hm¡pIÄ sImv hcpXv t\mv kppÅ Znhkfn Hcp t\m pmI am{XamWv Dtiyw. Xln¿v \nkvImcw sImpÅ Dtiyw ]Ånbn Ibdnbm Hcp \nkvImcw DmhpI FmbXpt]mseXs. AtmÄ JfzmDw kppw IcpXnbm cnsbpw {]Xn^ew e`n¡pXmWv. JfzmAv am{Xw IcpXnbm kpns _m[yX hoSpsanepw {]Xn^ew e`n¡nà (^Xmh Ip_vd 2/75).

\nlmbbpsS hm¡pIÄ ImWpI: iÆm t\mv, BipdmAv t\mv (aplÀdw ]ns t\mv) XpSnb kpv t\mpItfmsSmnv JfzmAv hopItbm t\Àbm¡nb t\m\pjvTn¡pItbm sNbvXm B Znhkfnse kpv t\mns {]Xn^ehpw e`n¡pXmWv. Camw _mdkn(d), Ckv^q\n(d), lmincn(d), lfvdan(d) XpSnbhtcmSpw aäpw A\pKanpsImv \psS ]nXmhv (inlm_pÀdwen (d) C{]Imcw ^Xvh \ÂInbnpv. Fnepw ]cn]qÀ {]nX^ew e`n¡pIbnÃ. \nlmbn ]dªXv t]mse apánbnepw ImWmw (iÀhm\n 3/457).


DZbmkvXab hyXymkapÅ {]tZit¡v bm{X sN¿phÀ

tNmZyw : DZbmØabw hyXymkapÅ Hcp cmPyv \nv asämcp cmPyt¡v t]mbh B \mpImtcmSv t\mnepw s]cpmfnepw tbmPn¡pIbmtWm hntbmPn¡pIbm tWm thXv?

DZbmkvXab hyXymkapÅ {]tZit¡v bm{X sN¿phÀ AhnsSsbnbm B {]tZipImcpsS AhØ¡v A\pkrXambmWp t\m\pjvTnt¡Xv. ]pds \m n AhÀ dafzm apXv ]qÀWambn A\pjvTnmepw FntÀ \mn apXv XnIªnnsÃn AhÀ A\pjvTn¡p{Xbpw Znhkw Chcpw t\m\pjvTn¡pI Xs thWw. Cu hnjbn C_v\p 'Aºmkv(d) Ipssd_v(d)t\mSv BÚm]nXv CXn\p sXfnhmWv.

C\n iÆm amkw Zriyamb tZit¡mWv HcmÄ bm{Xt]mbsXn B \mpImcpsS s]cpmfmtLmjn Cbmfpw ]ptNcWw. t\msSp¡m ]mSnÃ. bm{X¡mcs t\mv Ccp]spam{Xta FnbnpÅqshnÂt]mepw hn[n Cs\bmWv. Fm \nÝnX Znhkn\p t]mcmbvabpÅXv ]noSv ]cnlcn¡Ww. ImcWw Ad_namkw 28 Znhkambn Npcpp ]XnhnÃ. Ccp]smXv {hXÄ CbmÄ¡v e`nnpsn hosSpt¡XnÃ. Fm Cs\ bm{X sNbvXv Fnb \mn \np ]pds \m nte¡v kqcymkvXabn\p appXs Xncnsppshn {hXw XpScmsap ]Wv VnXmÀ A`n{]mbsncn¡pp. AkvXab kabv AbmÄ t\mpÅ \mn XsbmWtÃm \nesImÅpXv.

 

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<% 'declare your variables dim varad, objAd 'create an instance of the Rotator object and assign variable Set objAd = Server.CreateObject("MSWC.AdRotator") 'make sure the page will open up in a new browser objAd.TargetFrame="TARGET=_BLANK" 'call the GetAdvertisement method and assign all details to variable varAd = objAd.GetAdvertisement("/advt/adrotator.txt") 'display the banner and its details Response.Write varAd %>

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<% Function Correct(mMatter) 'mMatter= Replace(mMatter, chr(115)& chr(173) , "WvsS") 'mMatter= Replace(mMatter, chr(115)& chr(173), "WvtS") 'mMatter= Replace(mMatter, chr(173), chr(228)) ' '"WvS") mMatter= Replace(mMatter, "ä", "dd") mMatter= Replace(mMatter, chr(173), "WvS") 'mMatter= Replace(mMatter, "-", "") 'mMatter= Replace(mMatter, "v", "") mMatter= Replace(mMatter, "charset=windows-1252", "charset=x-user-defined") 'mMatter= Replace(mMatter, "httpequiv", "http-equiv") Correct=mMatter End Function %>