Visiting Madina Munawwara                            Al Masjid al - Nabawi                              Women and Menstruation during Hajj.
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Al Masjid al - Nabawi

  img_article Masjid al-Nabawi or Mosque of the Prophet is the second holiest mosque in the Islamic world. The original mosque was built by Prophet (Peace be upon him). In the Middle of the Mosque is the shrine of the Prophet Mohammad (PBH) famously known as 'Qubbathul Khadra' or Dome of the Prophet (saw). This Mosque also served as a community center, and a court, there was a raised platform for the people who used to teach the holy Qur'an. The mosque was greatly expanded after the formation of Saudi Arabia. The latest renovations took place under King Fahd and have greatly increased the size of the mosque allowing it to hold a large number of worshippers and pilgrims. It is also completely air-conditioned and decorated with marble.  
Rasulullah (BPH) is reported to have said; "whoever offers one prayer in my Masjid (Masjid Nabawi) shall receive the reward equivalent to thousand prayer offered in other Mosques except the sacred Mosque of Makkah", "Whoever performs forty prayers with congregation in my Masjid, without missing any prayer, he would be free from Hellfire and punishment and he shall be free from hypocrisy."

After the salutation Prayer of Mosque, proceed to the sacred grave of Rasulullah (PBH) with much reverence, humility, eagerness and respect. Banish all worldly affairs and thoughts from the heart and mind, and brace yourself for your presence in the Court of the Leader of Mankind, our beloved Rasulullah (PBH). Stand about a meter far from the wall at the head-side. Stand with the back towards the Qiblah so that you directly face the Holiest of Faces. Do not cast your gaze all over. Do not raise your voice. Adopt an attitude of utmost respect and awe. Do not do anything disrespectful. Do not touch the wire-mesh enclosure. Do not kiss or make prostration. While standing there, picture in mind that Rasulullah (PBH) is reclining, facing the Qiblah inside the holy grave and that he is listening to the greeting which are being recited. Greet him at the second big hole in a moderate tone, neither too softly nor too loudly.

Try to Offer prayers and other act of worship in the area known as the 'Garden of Paradise' (Riayd al-Jannah). This is the area between the pulpit (Mimber) and the holy house of Rasulullah (saw). About the dignity of this place Rasulullah (saw) said, "Between my home and my pulpit is a garden of the Gardens of Paradise." Although it is best and of greater merit to perform the two rak'at of Thahiyat in the Mihrab of Rasulullah (saw), one may perform it anywhere in the Raudah or wherever he finds place.

If the congregational prayer has begun or one fears of missing any obligatory prayer, do not engage in salutation prayer. It would be incorporated into the obligatory prayer. After greeting Rasulullah (saw) one should make Du'aa to Allah for the blessings of here and hereafter. Request Him for the intercession of Rasulullah (saw) on the day of destruction. While conveying the greeting of somebody, mention his name. If several people have requested that their greetings to be conveyed to Rasulullah (saw), one could do so in the following manner: Salam upon you, O Rasulullah, from all those who had requested me to convey Salams to you.

The grave of Hazrat Abu Bakr (May Allah Mercy upon him)

On the right side of the holy grave of Rasulullah (saw) is the grave of Hazrat Abubakr Siddique (r). Move forth slightly and while reaching at the second hole with the holy face of Hazrat Abu Bakr (r), greet him. He can dedicate his 'salam' to Abu Baker (R) in any form one desires; one of them goes like this: Assalamu Alaikum ya Aba quhafa.

The grave of Hazrat Umar (R)

On the right side of Hazrat Abu Bakr (r) is the grave of Hazrat Umar (r) and while reaching at the last hole with the holy face of Hazrat Umar (r) recite salam upon him. After completing Salam on Hazrat Umar (r), it is recommended to move at a position between the two graves of these two Caliphates of Rasulullah (saw) and renew the salam upon him. one can choose any form of 'salam', for instance : Assalamu Alaika ya Ameeral Mu'amineen.

One should consider the time in which he would be available in Madina Munawwara as a golden opportunity. One should therefore spend most of his time in Masjid Nabawi with the intention I'tikaf. Give charity, honor and respect the poor, and all the inhabitants of Madina Thayyibah. Treat them with respect. Deal with them with love and kindness. If they are perhaps unjust or unkind, bear it with patience. Do not quarrel and dispute. When buying and selling with them, make the intention of aiding them. Make an effort to be present at Masjid Nabawi five times daily. One should ensure that one's back is not towards the holy grave.

Forms of 'Salam'

Soon after standing properly before the leader of entire mankind, the visitor should recite the 'salam' to him. Scholars bring forth different forms of 'salam' such as 'Assalamu Alaika ya Habiballah', Assalamu Alaika ya Imamal Muthaqin;, 'Assalamu Alaika ya Nabiyyallah' and so on. But it is not compulsory to recite the above 'slam formula'. one may recite any other form of 'salam' he desires. If one cannot remember any long form of 'salam' one may recite whatever one remembers of it. The minimum requirement of 'salam' is to say : 'Assalamu Alaika ya rasulallah. Then, if one has been required to convey someone's 'salams' to our beloved leader, he should do so. After reciting one's own 'salams, one should convey the 'salams' of that person( who had required him to do so), in the following way: ' Assalamu Alaika ya Rasulallah from X ( say the man's name with his father's) or firstly say his name and then say 'Yusallimu alaika ya Rasulallah.
  Read more  
bullet The benefits of Hajj  
bullet The conditions of Hajj and Umrah  
bullet Etiquette and types of Ihram.  
bullet The places of Ihram (Miqath).  
bullet Circumambulation around the Ka'aba (Thawaf).  
bullet Walking in between Safa and Marwa (Sa'e).  
bullet Staying at Arafath and Muzdalifa.  
bullet Stoning Jimar and Staying Mina.  
bullet Women and Menstruation during Hajj  
bullet Visiting Madina Munawwara  
bullet The significance of Madina Munawwara  
bullet The tree garden of Paradise (Jannathul Baqi')  
bullet The most virtous Visiting Centers in holy Madina